Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
In 2016, the total share of tourism in Tamil Nadu's employment was more than 22 percent and 23 percent in Karnataka's. Pixabay

India’s blue economy “essentially the ocean economy” is making a healthy 4 percent contribution to India’s gross domestic product. Yet, this a proverbial drop in the ocean. Unfortunately, India’s marine policy has remained fragmented, notwithstanding the ambitious Sagarmala project. But as India prepares for a post-Covid phase with a focus on economic revival, reliance on the blue economy, which has not been leveraged fully, will inevitably be amplified.

India, with a 7517 km long coastline and1382 islands, has a unique maritime position but it is yet to carve out a well-thought-out holistic marine strategy encompassing issues pertaining to economic opportunities and security while maintaining ecological balance. The draft policy on the framework of the blue economy, taking a 360-degree view was submitted in September last year, but work on it is yet to begin.


Follow NewsGram on Twitter to stay updated about the World news.

At a time, when a belligerent China is increasing its activities on the South China Sea and elsewhere, India’s marine policy that looks at all angles would be key, experts said. “With such expanded coastlines, we need to think of the economy along with security. But unlike many other countries with coastlines, India has not leveraged its maritime position as much as it should have,” Nirupama Soundararajan, Senior Fellow and Head of Research, Pahle India Foundation told India Narrative. The draft framework noted that about 1400 million tonnes of cargo are handled by 12 major and 187 non-major ports every year.

The Sagarmala project

Though the Sagarmala project, touted as the “port-led development,” aims at increasing connectivity through waterways and reduce logistics costs, the draft policy has underlined the need to develop similar “port-led maritime clusters” with government support on the West and East coasts.


The draft framework noted that about 1400 million tonnes of cargo are handled by 12 major and 187 non-major ports every year. Pixabay

It is another important sector. The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in its research — Blue economy: An ocean of livelihood opportunities in India�pointed out that India’s marine tourism is one of the fastest-growing in the world though it has been brutally hit by the Covid 19 pandemic.

In states like Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu, marine tourism contributed largely to both the state economies and livelihood creation before the pandemic hit, it said. “In Kerala, the total number of jobs created directly and indirectly by the sector between 2009 and 2012 turned out to be around 23 percent of the total employment. In 2016, the total share of tourism in Tamil Nadu’s employment was more than 22 percent and 23 percent in Karnataka’s,” TERI said.

Maldives show the country used its oceans for economic growth

Many countries in the world have relied on marine tourism to boost their economy. The Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS) in March highlighted that the Maldives, an archipelago state “embarked on the blue economy paradigm to shape its development strategies in order to put the economy on the high growth path.”

“As a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), Maldives advanced its development journey from a poor state of less than $100 per capita income in the early 1970s to an Upper-Middle income country of $12,500 per capita income in 2020 on account of its strong adherence to blue economy sectors,” the study said.

ALSO READ: Impact Of Greenhouse Gases On Ocean Ecosystems

Importance of protecting marine life

Analysts underlined the need to ensure that the ecological balance is maintained while economic activities are increased. “The ocean framework is not very well regulated and therefore it can easily lead to imbalance. Ocean life is critical and the need to balance the benefits of the blue economy without damaging the ecological balance is crucial,” Soundararajan said.

The government’s draft policy noted that marine pollution is the greatest threat to the health of the oceans. About 80 percent of marine pollution emanates from land-based sources, especially from coastal cities and communities. Therefore, it is the need of the hour to expand the approach and implementation of Swachh Bharat to the concept of Swachh Prithvi, Swachh Sagar’ it said. (IANS/JC)


Popular

wikimedia commons

Children playing ringa ringa roses in an open backyard in England

Great historic events that have shaped the world and changed the outlines of countries are often not recorded in memory, or so we think. Wars made sure to destroy evidence and heritage, and the ones who survived told the tale of what really happened. Folklore, albeit through oral tradition kept alive many such stories, hidden in verse, limericks, and rhymes.

Ringa-ringa-roses, a common playtime rhyme among children across the world, is an example of folklore that has survived for many centuries. It tells the story of the The Great Plague of London which ravaged the city between 1665-1666.

Keep Reading Show less
wikimedia commons

Certain tribes have remained matrilineal, where the decision-making power rests with the eldest female of the family.

In modern times, many social movements aim to bring reform to the society we live in, on the basis of certain existing patterns. Patriarchy is something that many aim to cleanse our cultures of, to usher in the era of social and gender equality. Despite all these so-called movements, in southern India, certain societies that patronise matriarchy have existed since before India's independence. The Nairs and Ezhavas of Kerala, and Bunts and Billavas of Karnataka are matrilineal societies that continue to thrive in a patriarchal country.

Kerala remains separate from the rest of India in many ways. Be it literacy policy, form of government, or cultural practices, this state does not always conform to the ideal that India is known for. Even so with their social structure. Certain tribes have remained matrilineal, where the decision-making power rests with the eldest female of the family.

Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Medhat Dawoud on Unsplash

It is the world's top tech company in turnover (totaling $274.5 billion in 2020) and its most valuable corporation.

Apple inc. Is an American multinational tech firm specialized in consumer electronics, computer programs, and internet services founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in 1976 to manufacture Wozniak's Apple iComputer. It is the world's top tech company in turnover (totaling $274.5 billion in 2020) and its most valuable corporation. Apple is the fourth-largest PC seller by unit sales and the fourth-largest smartphone manufacturer in the world.

Apple has revealed a slew of new products at a special launch event that has been long-awaited. On the day of the live event, Apple announced the iPad mini, Apple Watch Series 7, iPhone 13 mini, and iPhone 13, as well as the iPhone 13 Pro and iPhone 13 Pro Max.

Keep reading... Show less