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By Sudheer Naik
Guadeloupe is situated in Northern Caribbean and is a French speaking Island. In mid 1860’s, around 45,000 people were brought to this Island by French government from south India as human resource for working in Sugar plantations.
When the British government adopted a policy against hiring people from other territories, the French government immediately stopped bringing people from India. Due to this, Indians had to face a lot of hardship and around 9000 people left the island through 28 ships .But hundreds of them had to stay back either to start a new life or was because their bond documents were burnt by their officials so as to make them stay in the Island. Indians who became businessman and land owners chose to stay back.
When Indians were brought to the Guadeloupe Island they were forced to speak in French and English irrespective of their mother tongue. They were also forced to change their names and convert their religion to Christianity. Those who refused to do so were sent to prison. Finally, a treaty was signed for overseas citizens of India between the French government and Indian government which was a relief and would benefit the Indians on the Guadeloupe island by reducing their hardship to
In 1904, Henry Siddamborom filed a law suit demanding french citizenship for Indian workers in Guadeloupe. He was an employee of Basse-Terre organization and was the defender in the case. He fought for the rights of Indians against French government. The case lasted for 20 years and the judgment was in his favor.Finally french citizenship was issued to the Indians in Guadeloupe Island. Every year the anniversary of Henry Siddamborom is celebrated by Indians and he was considered has “Gandhi of Guadeloupe.”
Guadeloupe has a total population of about 400 K (400,000) and approximately 55,000 may be people of Indian origin, or Indo-Caribbean. In Guadeloupe most of the Indians are of Tamil origin and the Island is one of the largest Tamil bearing population in Caribbean. There are several assosciations formed by Indo-Guadeloupe to promote Indian culture. Among these associations the largest association consists of 300 members and 2000 associates.. This association is named as L’ACGAI (Association Culturelle Guadeloupéenne des Amis de l’Inde (The ACGAI ,i.e., Guadeloupe Cultural Association of Friends of India ) and was established in 1971. You may visit its Facebook page here and website here.
Indian origin Guadeloupe people have shown increasing interest to re-discover and re-cover their Indian history, heritage and culture.
As a part of this Hindu temples were built across the Guadeloupe and they started studying their own language to safeguard their culture and traditions. Indians in Guadeloupe are so remarkable that even though their languages were abolished by the french government they were able to maintain their culture, tradition and religion. They celebrate all types ofI ndian festivals such Diwali, Pongal, Mela and god of coolie is also celebrated.
In 2011, contacts were established by Indians to the people of Guadeloupe by sending Minister of Overseas Indian affairs Vayalar Ravi. Michel Narayninsamy,president of Guadeloupe Global people of Indian Origin (GOPIO) stated that desertion and segregation are still continuing even after 158 years.
Sudheer can be reached via Twitter @sudheer96283369
Hackers have stolen crypto tokens worth $120 million from Blockchain-based decentralised finance (DeFi) platform BadgerDAO. Several crypto wallets were drained before the platform could stop the cyber attack. In a tweet, Badger said it has received reports of unauthorised withdrawals of user funds. "As Badger engineers investigate this, all smart contracts have been paused to prevent further withdrawals. Our investigation is ongoing and we will release further information as soon as possible," the company said late on Thursday.
According to the blockchain security and data analytics Peckshield, the various tokens stolen in the attack are worth about $120 million, reports The Verge. According to reports, someone inserted a malicious script in the user interface (UI) of their website. Badger has retained data forensics experts Chainalysis to explore the full scale of the incident and authorities in both the US and Canada have been informed. "Badger is cooperating fully with external investigations as well as proceeding with its own," it said. DeFi is a collective term for financial products and services that are open, decentralised and accessible to anyone. DeFi products open up financial services to anyone with an internet connection and they are largely owned and maintained by their users. While the attack didn't reveal specific flaws within Blockchain tech itself, it managed to exploit the older "web 2.0" technology that most users need to use to perform transactions, according to reports. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: crypto wallets, BadgerDAO, decentralised finance, Blockchain, 120 million, crypto tokens, Hackers)
A total of 120 top Bollywood and other celebrities are expected to attend the wedding of film stars Katrina Kaif and Vicky Kaushal which is scheduled on December 9 in Rajasthan, said Rajendra Kishan, the District Collector (DC) of Sawai Madhopur district of the state on Friday. The District Collector told mediapersons: "These 120 guests shall follow all COVID-19 protocols and fully vaccinated guests will get entry in the much-hyped celebrity wedding."
Kishan said that the organisers have been asked to strictly follow all Covid-19 protocols. Also, those who are not vaccinated, will not be allowed without the negative RT-PCR test report, he added. "We have been informed by organisers that a total of 120 guests are invited to the wedding and the events will take place between December 7 to December 10," he added.
Earlier at 10.30 a.m., Kishan called a meeting which was attended by administrative, police and forest department officials, hotel and event managers to ensure adequate arrangements for crowd control, smooth regulation of traffic, and law and order situation amid the VIP movement. The wedding venue Fort Barwara, that has been converted into a heritage hotel, is situated in the panchayat samiti Chauth Ka Barwara. The venue is around 22 km away from Sawai Madhopur and is around 174 km from Jaipur. Sawai Madhopur district is famous for the Ranthambore National Tiger Reserve and as per reports, the guests are likely to be taken for a tiger safari. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: Rajasthan, December 9, Vicky Kaushal, Katrina Kaif, film stars, celebrities, Bollywood, Katrina-Vicky)
The National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), which confirmed the first two cases of the Omicron variant in Bengaluru on Thursday, is continuously monitoring the situation in four cities - Bengaluru, Hyderabad, New Delhi, and Pune. The NCBS is a part of a consortium of national laboratories performing genomic surveillance across four city clusters. The consortium was established four months ago with support from The Rockefeller Foundation's Pandemic Prevention Institute, and is led by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad.
Dr Rakesh Mishra at the CCMB said on Friday that the consortium is continuously monitoring the situation in all the four cities and has upscaled its efforts to sequence as many samples as possible Apart from the CCMB and the NCBS, the consortium includes CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology - IGIB in New Delhi and the Pune Knowledge Cluster, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune, and CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory in Pune.
The first case of the Omicron variant was detected in South Africa and reported to the World Health Organization on November 24. | Unsplash
The consortium is focused on upscaling genomic surveillance as part of national efforts led by the INSACOG - Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium - to respond to the Covid-19 pandemic. The consortium intensified its sequencing efforts after the World Health Organisation announced Omicron as a Variant of Concern. Such an intensified effort enabled the Bengaluru team at the NCBS, a member laboratory of INSACOG, in collaboration with Strand Life Sciences and the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), to detect, rapidly sequence and verify the existence of the omicron variant in samples from two Covid-19 infected individuals.
They hope this will aid in a rapid response to contain the spread of variants of concern. Prof Satyajit Mayor from the NCBS conveyed the information to local and national authorities, and the Indian government released a statement on December 2, all within four days of receiving the samples. Both SARS-CoV-2 genomes have also been uploaded to the global repository for SARS-CoV-2 sequences, GISAID, so that they can be publicly available to the scientific community, the NCBS said. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: Hyderabad, New Delhi, Pune, Bengaluru, The National Centre for Biological Sciences, Situation, NCBS, Omicron)