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- By Megha Sharma
Here is a video from the distinguished lecture series of Dr Kumar Mahabir. He is a renowned Anthropologist and is a professor at the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT). He has shared useful insights into the Indo-Caribbean Folklore spirits. Through the video, he discusses his book “Indian Caribbean Folklore Spirits” which provides details of the presence of a brood of spirits believed to roam the Caribbean since the abolition of slavery.” The book also discusses five kinds of spirits acknowledged in the East India.
The Anthropologist also presents a catalogue of works, on spirits and supernatural beings. Herein, he talks about the well-known movie “Harry potter” (An adaptation of the book series by J.K rowling), “the chronicles of Narnia” ( by C.S Lewis). Both the movies are given a mystical touch with a fantastic storyline having unusual characters like Papa Bois and Mr. Tumnus respectively. He recounts other Hollywood productions with and an Indian movie “Hisss”, where the centeral character plays the role of a Nagin (female snake).
The video also discovers how Indian festival Holi and the West Indies festival Phagwa, celebrate the good over evil, where the king hiranyakashyap and his sister Holika are demons. Further, the Moko-Zombie ghost and the blue devils are also traditional synchronicities. The Moko Zombie ghost moves on stilts and the origins of the word being derived from the West Indies, meaning spirit, and the blue devil, a ghost with “tails, mask, horns and pitchfork”.
The most interesting part is when Dr Kumar acknowledges the five spirits of India and the Caribbean Sea. He provides how the book, “Indian Caribbean Folklore Spirits” registers the presence of five widely known spirits in both the lands. Namely, the Raa-khas, the Chu-rile, dee baba, the snake woman: Nagin and the Jinn: sheikh sadiq.
All these are different manifestations of evil spirits with the Raa-khas being a new born evil child, born as a consequence to its mother’s evil deeds. The child has to be killed as soon as it is born by the midwife (chaamine) to get rid of the risk of becoming a victim.
The Chu-rile is a ghost pf a died pregnant women, who has suicided in the time period. It moves around in white dress with unmanaged hair and is often considered to harm people as she grieves for her lost child whereas, the Saapin, is an adorable woman who charms many men. She is a sign of near death and also a cause of her husbands’ death. She is said to marry seven times and has a snake along her spine. It is surprising to note that this mystic incarnation is undiscovered by the woman herself. She undergoes this transformation on a full moon night (Purnima).
Besides the embodiment of evil, there are spirits invoked in order to achieve harmony within the lives. These spirits are known to eradicate ill-fortune from one’s life. The dee baba is one such example, known as the protector of the farming land, in the form of a black dog or a colonial slave master on a horse. The farmers perform a food giving ceremony to this spirit and take blessings for a good harvest.
The Jinn can be either a good or a bad spirit. It is an invisible form, however, can be invoked to visibility by humans. The evil ones tortures and victimizes its subjects while the angelic ones take the woes away and give livelihood.
Megha Sharma is a student at the University of Delhi. She is pursuing her masters in English and has also done her studies in German language. Twitter: @meghash06510344
Facebook-owned WhatsApp may soon ask users to verify their identity to make payments on the platform. According to XDA Developers, new strings spotted in the latest WhatsApp beta release suggest that the messenger will require users to upload verification documents to continue using payments on WhatsApp. Currently, when users set up WhatsApp Pay in India, the service only verifies the phone number linked to your bank account to enable UPI-based transactions. In Brazil, the messenger uses Facebook Pay to validate users' credit or debit cards to facilitate payments.
At the moment, the service doesn't require users to submit any identity verification documents to make payments. However, that might change soon, the report said. WhatsApp v126.96.36.199 beta includes a few new strings which suggest that users might have to submit identity verification documents to continue using payments.
The identity verification might be limited to those who use WhatsApp Pay to receive payments for their businesses. UPI-based apps, like Google Pay, PhonePe and even WhatsApp Pay don't require users to submit any documents to transfer or receive money. However, wallet apps like PayTM do ask for KYC verification as per RBI guidelines.
WhatsApp is yet to make an official announcement regarding this change. Since the new strings have just made their way to the beta version, it might be a while before the company reveals any details, the report said. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: WhatsApp, UPI, payments, verify, identity, documents
By Rajesh U. Pandya
Although the world is recovering from coronavirus pandemic, we must not lower our guards and stay alert when it comes to hand hygiene to curb the spread of the deadly virus. But are we paying sufficient attention to our nail hygiene? Our nails are the index of well-being for our entire body. The manifestations of several critical diseases were first detected within the dirty nails.
The ignorance towards our nails becomes the breeding ground of harmful bacteria. These germs enter our body through our hands because in India we eat through our bare hands. Therefore, nail hygiene is crucial and without it hand hygiene is incomplete.
Practising good nail hygiene involves following a systematic process to ensure the longevity of our nail health. It includes ensuring that food particles, dirt and dust are not sticking to our nails and there is no build-up of nail bacteria. Thankfully, contrary to popular belief, it is not that difficult to maintain good nail hygiene. A little diligence, awareness and attention are sufficient to keep our nails healthy.
Avoiding nail hygiene makes you prone to viral infections
Due to constant negligence towards the cleanliness of the nails, many serious issues like bacterial and viral infections arise. Often these lead to serious health problems. Our hand hygiene is not perfect till the time we clean the undersides of our nails besides washing hands regularly. Most people don't mind sharing nail clippers with others. This is however an extremely unhygienic practice. When we don't share any of our personal hygiene products then why do we share our nail clippers? Nails harbour abundant germs, bacteria and viruses and sharing nail clippers is equivalent to exchanging those microorganisms.
Nails harbour abundant germs, bacteria and viruses and sharing nail clippers is equivalent to exchanging those microorganisms.| Photo by CDC on Unsplash
Keep fingernails dry and clean
It prevents bacterial and fungal infections from growing under our nails. It has been observed that prolonged exposure to water can break nails. It is always recommended to wear cotton-lined rubber gloves when washing dishes, cleaning or using harsh chemicals. In order to follow good nail hygiene, we have to be careful about our nail care products. Use a sharp stainless-steel nail clipper with a grime remover, that can remove the hidden germs and grime below the nails. Trim nails straight, then round the tips into a gentle curve. Always wash hands and under nails with soap and water after a nail clipping session.
Always wash hands and under nails with soap and water after a nail clipping session. Photo by rashid khreiss on Unsplash
Keep hands and nails moisturized to avoid the cuticles from overgrowing. Frequent use of nail paint remover, hand sanitisers and harsh soaps can result in the dryness of cuticles along with nails. Keep nails short, trim them regularly and wash hands for at least 20 seconds and then moisturize them, This will make the chance of diseases slimmer and can prevent any kind of viruses. KAI India nail clipper comes with unique features like 100 per cent stainless steel, nail filer, grime remover, nail tray and non-chromium coating making them safe and most effective for maintaining proper nail hygiene.
Here are some of the more ways through which we can keep our nail hygiene intact, thereby protecting it from the damage to nails:
* Stay away from chewing fingernails: It has the potential of damaging the nail bed as a minor cut can cause infection. Moreover, when we bite our nails, germs enter our mouths directly.
* Be gentle towards hangnails: Never pull off your hangnails. Rather, be gentle towards them and carefully clip them off. Stop using those products which are harsh on nails. Always go for acetone-free products.
* Go for a regular nail checkup: If you have a persistent nail problem, consult a doctor or dermatologist for an evaluation.
* Do not share: Try not to share your nail clipper, as they contain germs. Wash the nail clipper with lukewarm water and wipe with a soft cloth. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Nails, hygiene, covid, clipper, products, infections
Gambling has always been one of the most popular sports among people. It is not limited to one group of people, the sport doesn't require the players to have any qualifications besides being a certain age and above depending on the country, men, women, young, old, wherever you come from, whoever you are, we're all equal as players on a casino table. Many casinos now have online sites for their players to enjoy the games at their comfort and leisure.
Online Casino games have become one of the best ways for people to spend their free time. Especially during the pandemic when the world was put under lockdown casinos shifted online and the punters have enjoyed the same entertainment and excitement sitting at their homes. Online gambling games are becoming increasingly popular in the 21st century because this generation prefers to spend time indoors with their online friends. This has inevitably led to the creation of thousands of games to fulfil the rising demand of millions of online players.
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So, what is the reason why Online Casino Games are so popular?
Online Gambling platforms offer hundreds of casino games for the player to choose from that too from some of the best providers in the industry. They provide you with a range of games like baccarat, blackjack, slots, poker and many more. Being online also means that a player can go straight into the game without having to wait for their turn. One can freely enjoy the experience of an actual casino without getting out of their house.
Online Gambling platforms offer hundreds of casino gamesPixabay
Online gaming platforms understand the doubts of their player regarding making online transactions of money as their afraid of their data being stolen. Thus, to build a trusting relationship with their customers, most platforms make sure that they are secured with encryptions and firewalls to prevent loss of data. To name one BetRivers is one of the platforms which safe and easy to use.
In a land-based casino if run into some problem or need assistance from your host you'll need to stop playing, reach out to the information desk, convey your problem and wait until someone comes to solve your problem which is not the case for online gaming platforms. On just one tap customer service is available 24/7 for their players on online platforms.
Covers a large area
Again, in a land-based casino, a player must go to the building themselves. Some casinos may only have one building while some have their branches in different cities and countries. But online casinos invite players from numerous countries from wherever they are to play the games at their comfort. BetRivers online casinos are available for players from different countries from Pennsylvania, Indiana, Colorado, Illinois, Michigan, Virginia and more
Any person with a tablet, desktop, smartphone and internet connection can easily access the games and play online. Online casinos give the players to enjoy the games at any time and anywhere they like.
Chances of winning
If a player has zero chances of winning one can't call it gambling. Online casino games provide the player with several combinations of risk and rewards where they can lose the money or win the money put on the table. Players have to pay a minimal fee to get a chance to win, the higher the money you put on stakes the higher is the reward for winning. For example, a player can sometimes win an outrageous amount of money while playing slots and in games like blackjack which has the best odds of winning that has a low house edge one can for sure win some amount of money.
The majority of players play casino games to enjoy the adrenaline rush, have fun or simply just casually kill their free time. In today's world, online casinos have emerged as safe, secure, fun, and amazing platforms for player to access their games online and win some profit while playing.