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- Established by the ruler of the Amber kingdom, Sawai Jai Singh, the city is interestingly nicknamed as the ‘Pink City’
- The credit of designing this royal town goes to Vidyasagar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar from Bengal
- Apart from the architectural marvels, the city also accommodates a number of temples
Built in the late-1700s, Jaipur was India’s first planned city. Located in the eastern Rajasthan, the royal town is known for its architectural marvels and aesthetic beauty.
Established by the ruler of the Amber kingdom, Sawai Jai Singh, the city is interestingly nicknamed as the ‘Pink City.’ The tale behind its name is also a remarkable one. The city earned the name around 1905-1906 when the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur. In a desperate attempt to revamp the town it was decided that the city would be repainted. However, owing to lack of sufficient hues, the entire city was covered in pink shade, mentioned the scmp.com article.
Notably, Jaipur is a part of India’s ‘Golden Triangle’ of must-visit destinations, along with Delhi and Agra. With fantastic attractions spread across the city, its rich cultural heritage is reflected the best in its architecture and monuments.
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The credit of designing this royal town goes to Vidyasagar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar from Bengal. Bhattacharya constructed these architectural charms in line with the science of Indian structural design ‘Shilpa Shastra.’
Apparently, the city was constructed in nine rectangular blocks. Seven out of these were built for civic purposes and the remaining two for palaces and state buildings. The city was protected by the city wall and the entrance was through seven burly gates.
According to the pinkcity.com report, it took almost four years to finish the major palaces, roads and squares of the city.
Some of the stellar monuments from the city are:
- Built in 1592, Amber Fort displays a beautiful amalgamation of Rajput and Mughal style of architecture. Brimming with the greenery of the Aravalli Range Valley, the fort is at its best during the spring or summer season. Tourists generally enjoy the view from the hilltop complex on an elephant, from where they can see the structure’s four distinct areas.
- The fort’s primary attractions include an impressive hall, the Sheesh Mahal that is covered with several tiny mirrors and Shila Devi Temple, which has magnificent silver doors.
- Other two exquisite castles in the vicinity of the fort are –Jaigarh and Nahargarh. Housing world-record-sized cannon called Jaivana, Jaigarh is a castle with fortified red walls.
- Accounting for the waning splendour of the Madhavendra Bhawan palace, Nahargarh is one of the most visited edifices in Jaipur.
- Other pieces of brilliant architecture in the town include multi-storeyed City Palace complex and the mirage-like Jal Mahal. Interestingly, the City Palace complex still serves as a royal residence.
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- Unesco World Heritage-listed, Jantar Mantar, is another remarkable monument in the city. Constructed as an observatory in the 1720s, the stone fabrications designed as sophisticated instruments were used to quantify time, trail stars, and calculate the coming of eclipses in early days.
- Apart from these monuments, the city also accommodates a number of temples. Govind Dev Ji, Moti Dungri or Galtaji are some of the most renowned temples in Jaipur.
-prepared by Bulbul Sharma, a staff-writer at NewsGram. Twitter handle: iBulbul_
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Every child who grew up in the 90s and the early 00s has certainly grown up around Tom and Jerry, the adorable, infamous cat-chases-mouse cartoon. The idea of naughtiness and playing mischief had the standards that this particular series set for children and defined how much wreckage was funny enough.
The show's creators, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera initially named their characters Jasper and Jinx. They did not plan for the fame that Tom and Jerry brought them when they released a movie by the name of "Puss Gets the Boot". This movie featured a certain cat and mouse who were a notorious pair, named Jasper and Jinx. When the movie became a hit, the names of the characters were changed and the show shot to fame.
Tom and Jerry became a go-to cartoon for children in the early 00s, and it was one of those shows with a firm foundation, that had already been in the running for decades. The original template had been planned nearly 80 years ago, and the makers did not change it. The music that was played in the many episodes, made a breakthrough in its own way. It is the most easily recognizable melody with utterly nostalgic associations.
Today, Tom and Jerry is still a household name in homes where children love cartoons Image credit: wikimedia commons
A set of supporting characters were defined for the show, to occasionally take the focus off the original pair. There was a large, black woman named Mammy Two Shoes and a bulldog who took Jerry's side. Mammy Two Shoes was discontinued because her character portrayed racist tendencies. A tall white woman replaced her, who was kinder and loved mice. Either of the women's faces was never revealed.
Today, Tom and Jerry is still a household name in homes where children love cartoons. There are a host of other shows besides this that aim to replicate the same aspects of the cartoon but do not come close at all. Despite the immense amount of violence in the show, it is a beloved pastime of parents and children alike.
Keywords: Tom and Jerry, Cartoon, Hanna and Barbera, Television
One of India's leading private museums, the Museum of Art & Photography (MAP) Bengaluru, has released new primary research conducted by the ReReeti Foundation, on audience behaviour in India's cultural sector. While more than half of the respondents thought the arts and culture are essential, they rarely manage to make time for it. The majority (60.6 per cent), mostly young people under 30, felt Indian museums could present more engaging content, and most perceived culture as anthropological/ sociological. Of the diverse categories included, music emerged as the most popular cultural activity.
The report is based on a survey of 500 people, which included school and college students, professionals across sectors, homemakers and senior citizens. The first initiative of its kind in the cultural space, the report shares valuable insights into the behaviour and expectations of Indian audiences engaging with a broad range of cultural activities. As part of MAP's mission to foster meaningful connections between communities and the cultural sector globally, which includes its innovative digital programme Museums Without Borders, the report shares a wealth of insights that can help museums across the country understand their audiences better. As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities.As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities.
As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities. | Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash
Speaking on the recent report, Kamini Sawhney, Director, Museum of Art & Photography (MAP), said, "MAP is focused on changing the notion of a museum in India, by enabling more relevant and inclusive programming, both online and in our space in Bengaluru. The audience research commissioned by MAP, and conducted by the ReReeti Foundation, provides valuable, and actionable insights which we hope will help museums across the country better understand their consumer base, improve decision making and deepen social impact." As much as 62.3 per cent college students and 47.6 per cent professionals/homemakers perceive culture as anthropological and sociological. Music was the most popular cultural event likely to be attended, followed by heritage tours and plays/comedy shows for Indian audiences.
Over 70 per cent of college students visit museums with family and friends; working professionals, homemakers and senior citizens also predominantly visit with groups/ spouses (indicating a need to focus on increased group programming/facilitation). As much as 68 per cent of people were optimistic about going outdoors for activities and events in 2021. As much as 60.6 per cent said Indian museums are not experimental enough, and can do more to create engaging content that is also relevant to surrounding communities.(IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Art, Culture, India, Museum, Music
What is the best way to save Goa from deforestation?
Drinking feni, may well be the answer, says the secretary of the Goa Cashew Feni Distillers and Bottlers Association Hansel Vaz, who on Thursday said, that sipping the state's unique alcoholic drink and making it popular would directly aid the greening of Goa's hills and other barren landscapes.
"To get more cashews, we need to plant more trees. I always say, by drinking feni you will save Goa, because we will be planting more cashew trees and we will have greener hills. The beauty of cashew is you do not need fertile land. You can grow it on a hill which can provide no nutrition. We will be able to grow more trees, if we can sell feni properly," Vaz said. Vaz's comments come at a time when the hillsides of the coastal state have witnessed significant deforestation for real estate development and for infrastructure projects. Feni is manufactured by fermenting and double distilling juice from the cashew apple.
Best way to keep Goa green is to grab yourself a glass of feni. | IANS
Addressing a press conference in Panaji, Vaz also said that the promotion of feni was also in sync with the Prime Minister's vision for India to go "vocal for local". "There is no conglomerate, multinational company owning the drink. So every time we sell feni, it is a direct cash injection into Goa. If you sell a feni cocktail in Calangute (a popular beach village), it makes a direct impact in Valpoi and Bicholim, because this money is going down there," the Association official said at a press conference in Panaji.
The Association held the media briefing to announce a road map ahead for the feni industry, especially vis a vis streamlining aspects related to production, standardisation and marketing of the brew to make it popular in other Indian states and abroad.
The efforts to streamline the state "heritage drink" comes a month after the Goa government notified a formal policy, 'Goa Feni Policy 2021', which covers 26 different varieties of feni distilled in the state. "There were many barriers related to feni, which the policy has now addressed," treasurer of the Association Tukaram Haldankar said. One such hurdle was the previous government classification, which described feni as "country liquor", which would deter tourists from purchasing the drink. The reclassification of feni as a state "heritage drink" has lent dignity to the brew which has been manufactured locally in Goa since the 16th century.
But there is more the government can do, along with the state's traditional distillers and manufacturers to promote feni, Haldankar said. | Photo by Ishvani Hans on Unsplash
But there is more the government can do, along with the state's traditional distillers and manufacturers to promote feni, Haldankar said. "We request the government to allow the sale of feni in duty free stores in airports and cruise liner terminals. The government should also support us through the department of Tourism, so that feni can be promoted in its programmes. iIf you go to Scotland, they promote Scotch. Goa should promote its feni to Goa," Haldankar said, adding that traditional distillers should also be given subsidies and other measures should be taken to standardise feni, which he said, "would require further subsidies and financial assistance from the government".
"It should be a standard product like scotch, champagne," Haldankar said. "Like Mexico's tequila, Russian vodka and Japan's sake, we need to export our feni across the country and the world and the local distillers should also benefit economically," president of the Association Gurudutt Bhakta also said. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: deforestation,cashew,distillers,association,government, goa, feni, India