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By Nithin Sridhar
On the occasion of India’s 69th Independence anniversary, Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the entire nation from the Red fort in the morning. Inspite of serious security issues, Modi yet again addressed the nation without using the protective bulletproof glass shield.
As with his previous addresses to the nation, his Independence Day speech was highly energetic, passionate and directly appealing to the hearts of people. He continuously addressed the entire nation as “125 crores membered Team-India” and spoke at length about various issues that are affecting India and how his government is trying to tackle them.
Some of the key takeaways from his I-day address are:
- Cleanliness: Speaking about his pet theme, PM Modi said that the whole nation must work towards dedicating a “Swacch Bharat” to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary. He further said, how the cleanliness mission has reached people from all walks of life. Highlighting the government’s achievement in successfully building toilets in schools, especially for girls, he said that around 4.25 lakh toilets had been built in 2.62 lakh schools across the nation in past one year.
Though, his cleanliness initiative can be criticized as not being enough on multiple counts, the fact that the government has been able to set quantifiable and time-sensitive targets like building toilets and then attaining those targets, has gone a long way in waking up people to issues of health and hygiene and has helped the masses, especially girl students who faced difficulty in going to schools, due to lack of toilets. Hence, the Modi government deserves appreciation on this count.
- Black Money: Defending his government’s move to introduce a tough law on black money, he said that the law has ensured that people do not take black money outside of the country. He further spoke about how around Rs 6500 crores have been disclosed under the compliance window of black money and foreign assets law. He further mentioned how his government formed SIT under Supreme Court’s guidance immediately after coming to power. He also revealed about how the G-20 countries have agreed to assist India in tracking the issue of black money.
But, these measures are not enough to tackle the issue of black money. The government has made many slip-ups in the past in handling this issue and should work to rectify those mistakes. Further, there is a genuine concern that the draconian black money law may affect honest tax payers as well. These concerns must be addressed.
- Corruption: Speaking about corruption, he compared it with termites that are present everywhere but can be treated with repeated attempts. He further said that his government is committed to rooting out corruption. He highlighted the fact that there has not been a single case of corruption in his government. He added that after he took over the reins, in last one year, CBI has filed around 1800 corruption cases. Modi further stated that by re-auction of the coal blocks, the government has made around 3 lakh crore rupees.
- Connecting the poor with the financial activity: In yet another move to connect the poor to the financial system and institutions and hence help them avail various benefits, PM Modi spoke about supporting entrepreneur initiatives across India. He said that the youth must be given opportunities to become entrepreneurs and systems must be built to enable “start-ups”. He said that India should become number one, in start-ups and urged all the bank branches across India to contribute to enabling setting up of start-ups by people. He asked every bank branches to provide finances to at least one dalit, one tribal and one woman to start a “start-up”. Speaking about the status of his Jan Dhan Yojana, he said that, around 17 crore people have opened bank accounts and around Rs 2000 crore have been deposited in them till now.
The government must be congratulated for taking steps for including the poor into the financial framework of the nation. The start-up initiative, if properly implemented, will go a long way in reducing unemployment levels. It will further help the poor to climb up the ladder of economy.
- Farmer’s issue: PM Modi said that the government has set aside, around Rs 50,000 crores for the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana. It is basically a 5-year plan which is aimed at increasing the productivity of agriculture. The money will be utilized in various irrigation and watershed projects. PM Modi further announced his decision to increase the scope of Ministry of Agriculture by renaming it as “Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare” and hence including the welfare of farmers under the scope of the ministry. In a country where farmer’s suicide has become a daily affair, these measures will have long-term impact on the welfare of farmers and may go a long away in addressing their issues and assisting them in their work.
- Rural Electrification: In another move that would benefit large populations of India, PM Modi announced that his government plans to provide electricity to all the 18,500 villages that are without power. He said that every one of those 18,500 villages will get electricity poles, wires and connection within 1000 days. These efforts, if implemented sincerely, will be a major boost to the development of rural areas and may, in the long run, reduce migration to urban centers as well.
- One Rank, One Pension (OROP): One issue, where PM Modi has certainly disappointed people is the issue of OROP. Though PM Modi assured the people, especially the ex-servicemen that he and his government have accepted OROP in principle, and only the details are to be finalized, people had expected a more concrete announcement from the Prime Minister. Many are feeling that PM has let down his commitment to the ex-servicemen by dragging the issue for months now. Hopefully, Modi will resolve this long-standing issue sooner, rather than later.
Therefore, PM Narendra Modi’s speech for the Independence Day has given hope to many and disappointed a few. He used the occasion to give a report of his government’s performance and the status of various projects, as well as to chart out the path the government will be traveling in the coming year and to give assurance to people who have very high expectation from him.
Though he appears to have disappointed certain sections of the population including ex-servicemen and media-observers, his message of hope has certainly reached the hearts of common men and women who had voted for him last year.
The city of Delhi has seen it all; from sultanate rule, to dynasties, and to colonial rule. From monarchy to democracy, Delhi has gone through its phases. But, in order to know and explore the nuances of Delhi, you must read these beautiful books.
1. City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi by William Dalrymple
This book was written while Dalrymple was still flirting with his love for the Medieval India. The author writes, "Moreover the city- so I soon discovered- possessed a bottomless seam of stories: tales receding far beyond history, deep into the cavernous chambers of myth and legend," and just like this, Dalrymple takes you in a tour to discover Discover Delhi.
2. Delhi by Heart: Impressions of a Pakistani Traveller by Raza Rumi
This book explores how the author explores his identity as a South Asian Muslim and how his city of Lahore is a mirror image of Delhi. Rumi, in this book, tries to co-relate the past with the present by comparing its festivals, streets, and markets.
3. Delirious Delhi: Inside India's Incredible Capital by DavePrager
This book is quite interesting. The story of this book revolves around the lives of Dave and Jenny who have recently moved to Delhi when their firm began to go down. The city of Delhi in this book is shown through their eyes as they try to make their way in the city that holds together a very large population.
4. The Heart has its Reasons by Krishna Sobti, Translated by Reema Anand, Meenakshi Swami
The original title of this book is "Dil - o - Danish". This book tells the reader about the streets of Old Delhi and almost transport the reader back in the past. This book is basically set in the 1920's, and tells the tale of a man's extramarital affair, his children out of wedlock, black magic, and Chandni Chowk's rich culture of sweets and the perils of being a widow. Interestingly, many have compared the author of this book to Jane Austen.
5. Delhi: A Novel by Khushwant Singh
Who would talk about Delhi and not remember Khushwant Singh? This amazing book is just like a narrative of the author's fulfilled love affair with the city and with a eunuch. The narrator in this book is an aging man who is trying to discover the city. This book is truly a masterpiece, where it takes the readers on the history of Delhi glimpsing at what makes the city what it is– simply beautiful.
There are some of the Indian cities which are older than time. Therefore, we must know which cities are they, and what has been their history!
1. Varanasi (1200 BC–)
Varanasi is one of the oldest cities of India, and has been a center of religious and cultural activity since the Bronze Age. In fact, this city might have been in existence from a very long time, since it finds mention in the Rig Veda. It is believed that the city of Varanasi was thriving for more than 1600 years before the fall of the Roman Empire in Europe. This city is one of the holiest places for Hindus and Jains, and even Lord Buddha gave his very first sermon here in 528 BC. In Hinduism, it is believed that dying in Varanasi brings salvation, which is the reason why the city is always brimming with pilgrims.
2. Ujjain (700/600 BC–)
Ujjain was once considered as one of the most prominent cities in the Middle India. In fact, the name of this city is repeatedly mentioned in the literature of that period, i.e. in the works of stalwarts like Kālidāsa. This city has seen the rise and fall of numerous empires, from the Mauryas to the Avantis, Nandas, and even the Guptas. This city, just like Varanasi, is also considered as one of the holiest cities in India, and hosts one of the officially recognized Kumbh melas, the Ujjain Simhastha Kumbh, in which people across the world take place.
3. Madurai (500 BC–)
Madurai been a major center of culture and trade for more than 2500 years. In fact, the name of this city has been mentioned in the writings of the great traveler, Megasthenes, and has been ruled by several empires from the Pandyas and the Cholas to the Karnata, and finally the British. Interestingly, ‘'Koodal,' was one of its ancient name which means 'a congregation of learned men'. There is no doubt that Madurai was an epicenter of scholars and religious teachers in the southern part of India.
4. Thanjavur (300 BC–)
Thanjavur was formerly known as Tanjore. This city is pretty famous for its Tanjore style of painting, which is a traditional style that is characterised by the use of gold foil, religious imagery, and simple compositions. This city is best known for being the home of the Great Living Chola Temples, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Till date, people across the world visit this place in order to experience its rich history and heritage.
By- Digital Hub
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Require a Wig
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In today's society, the wearing of a hair wig has become more common. A hair wig is an easy method to alter your appearance at any time you wish quickly. Women are more drawn to these wigs since they can change their hairstyle with ease. Wigs are usually worn by those who have shed their hair or those who wish to alter their hairstyle to be fashionable.
Human hair wigs on display at a store Image source: Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash
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If you are purchasing a human hair wig, make sure you know the origin of the hair. If you're looking to invest a few hundreds of dollars on a wig, it's recommended to purchase one of European hair. However, if the wig's label reads "human hair wig" without stating the origin for the hair, it's most likely made of Asian hair.
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Human hair wigs have many advantages:
Human hair wigs last longer than synthetic ones
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Human hair wigs can be dyed and styled as your hair
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Human hair wigs need to be styled at least once per wash
Human hair wigs are costly
While you can find numerous styles of synthetic wigs, but there aren't all fibers produced in the same way; for example, wigs that are costume-related for Halloween are typically made of lower quality fibers, which are expensive and appear to be the hair wig. For Halloween parties, this is okay, but for everyday use, you'll need a wig that looks like it's been growing around your head. On the other hand, contemporary synthetic materials utilized in top-quality designer wigs look highly practical for those who want to look realistic.
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