Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
By Kashish Rai
In Hinduism, the meaning of this shok in sankskrit confines to Lord Vishnu:
शान्ताकारं भुजगशयनं पद्मनाभं सुरेशं
विश्वाधारं गगनसदृशं मेघवर्णं शुभाङ्गम् ।
लक्ष्मीकान्तं कमलनयनं योगिभिर्ध्यानगम्यं
वन्दे विष्णुं भवभयहरं सर्वलोकैकनाथम् ॥
It means that:
I bow before God Vishnu..
Who is personification of peace,
Who sleeps on his folded arms,
Who has a lotus on his belly,
Who is the God of gods,
Who is the basis of earth,
Who is similar to the sky,
Who is of the colour of the cloud,
Who has beautiful limbs,
Who is the consort of Lakshmi,
Who has lotus like eyes,
Who is seen by saints through thought,
Who kills all worries and fears,
And who is the lord of all the worlds.
In Hinduism, Lord Vishnu is considered as the preserver of this world. As the preserver, he had declared, “Whenever evil will prevail in this world, I will take up an avatara in this world to cast-off all the evil and sufferings”.
Please Follow NewsGram on Twitter To Get Latest Updates From Around The World!
What is an Avatara?
Avatara (or incarnation) in Sanskrit refers to the “appearance” or “manifestation” of God or a Deity in an earthly embodiment. The concept of an avatara is principally associated with Lord Vishnu.
Classification of Avatars By Lord Vishnu
Avatars are broadly classified into two kinds:
- Sakshaty Avatara: When Lord Vishnu himself descended on earth, he took Sakshaty Avatara.
Amsarup Avatars and Purna Avatar are sub-categories of Sakshaty-Avatara!
- Purna Avataras: They include Lord Vishnu’s incarnation as Lord Rama, Lord Krishna and Lord Narasimha
- Amsarup Avataras: These include Lord Vishnu’s partial incarnation Matsya, Kurma, Varaha Avatara.
- Avesa Avatara: When Lord Vishnu indirectly empowered some living entity on earth to represent him, he took Avesa Avatara.
(Lord Parshurama, Vyasa are examples of Lord Vishnu’s Avesa Avataras)
The Concept of “Dashavatara”
According to Srimad Bhagwad Purana, there are innumerable incarnations of Lord Vishnu. Among them, there are 24 important incarnations of Lord Vishnu in total.
But, from Innumerable incarnations of Vishnu, Rishis or Sages selected ten Avatars as a representative of rest, these ten incarnations are known in Sanskrit as “Dashavatar”.
The Dhashavatara list of Vishnu is introduced in Garuda Purana (1st millennium BCE).
The most popular ten avatars based on many puranas are Matasya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parashurama, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, and Kalki.
Let us Understand about them in this article!
Dashavataras of Lord Vishnu
The matasya avatar represents the half fish, a half-human form of Vishnu. According to a story in the “Matasya Puran“, Matasya informs Manu, the leader of the humans, of the great flood, and helps him save all the motile living beings, the Vedas, and the seeds of all plants to sustain life.
Kurma Avatara represents the half tortoise half-man form of Vishnu. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that during the churning of the ocean at the time of “Amrit-Manthan”, he balanced Mt. Mandara on his shell to assist the gods and the demons in the churning process. He is also believed to have supported the weight of the cosmos on the support of his back.
Varaha Avatara represents the half man and half boar avatar of Vishnu. According to Hindu dharma, he slayed the demon Hiranyaksha in order to save “Bhudevi”, the personification of earth, and restored her back to the original surface from a sinking state by using his tusks.
Narasimha Avatara represents the half lion and a half-human avatar of Vishnu. He was born to end the reign of the demonic king Hiranya Kashyap and save the supreme devotee of Vishnu “Prahlad” in order to establish peace, order, righteousness, and other elements of dharma on this earth.
Vamana was a dwarf Brahmin. This avatar of Lord Vishnu comes to check the growing power of the demonic king Mahabali, which he does by tricking him during a sacrificing ceremony and sending him to the underworld inside of the Earth.
Lord Parshurama is a Brahmin Kshatriya. In Hindu mythology, he is depicted as a sage with an axe in his hand. He was born to end the tyranny of the evil Kshatriyas, who misused their powers and made others’ lives miserable and bring them to justice for the sake of humankind.
Lord Rama is one of the most prominent deities in Hindu dharma and the lead character of the epic Ramayana. He kills the evil king Ravana to end his terrorizing rule, to establish morality, and to free his wife Sita, whom Ravana had kidnapped.
Lord Krishna is yet another major form of Vishnu. He is known to end the reign of his tyrannical maternal uncle Kansa, and for his role as the advisor or the Pandavas and the charioteer and guide of Arjuna in the greatest epic Mahabharata.
Siddhartha Gautam, later to be known as Gautam Buddha, left his family and all material possession in search of truth and enlightenment. He founded Buddhism and taught people ways to end all kinds of suffering through Noble Eightfold Paths.
According to Srimad Bhagwad Mahapuran, Kalki remains the only avatar of Vishnu that is yet to be born. It is said that he will end all evil by defeating the demon Kali and start a new “Satyuga” or Kalkiyuga (Kali refers all the negative emotions and elements personified into one).
Kalki is depicted as a warrior riding a white horse and holding a shining sword.
In Bhagavata Mahapuran, it is mentioned that whenever evil triumphs over good, darkness take over light, and tyranny rules over justice~ Lord Vishnu will reincarnate on earth to restore Dharma and guide the people towards right path.
The global pandemic has massively transitioned the ways in which we approach our fashion essentials. With work from home defining the major chunk of our 24/7 routine, loungewear is no longer limited to our homes. While being on top of our fashion game will always be a priority, our casual and formal wear are swapping roles and even entering into this amicable crossover with the new kid on the block -- the 2-mile fashion.
For those wondering what the 2-milefashion game is all about, there's a great possibility that you're already hopping on the trend without even knowing about it. Because as comfort becomes our new cashmere, we can all find ourselves rocking the 2-mile run away; From a cafe WFH vibe to taking the dog out for a walk to a pizza date night, comfort is your cue. When it comes to footwear, our choices in 2-mile fashion range from sandals to mules to sneakers. And it can get tricky to make the 'occasion perfect' pick when one doesn't know what comesunder its ambit. We have Matteo Lambert, Chief Collection Officer, Bata India Limited, to help us dress it up or down with the perfect footwear picks for the new trend that is here to stay:
Slides, Sandals and Style: Whether it's a traditional ceremony or coffeehouse work meetings, slides and sandals have made their way through it all. They offer that pick and slide and glide through life comfort across genders. With the slip-on ease, you can up your style game; go for the classics, the jewelled, the floral, the neutrals, the possibilities are endless.
Whether it's a traditional ceremony or coffeehouse work meetings, slides and sandals have made their way through it all. | Photo by Євгенія Височина on Unsplash
Always on, Athleisure: Athleisure is the biggest buzzworthy trend of the year, and rightly so. They resolve our footwear conundrum by offering the perfect balance to the blurring boundaries between active and formal wear. If fitness and fashion are your two magic words, then give your feet a break, quite literally. From grey suit formals to morning joggers, they'll let you rock everywhere.
Athleisure is the biggest buzzworthy trend of the year, and rightly so. | Photo by Malvestida Magazine on Unsplash
The Clog Club: If 2-mile is the new fashion cue, clogs have always been our comfort cue. And now we can have the best of both worlds as the humble functional shoe makes it a chic comeback. Clogs are the must-have wardrobe essentials to up our loungewear game. H-straps, metallic, studded -- they're on the 2021 heels' hotlist. Show off by making a chic statement as you dress up your straight-cut pants, T-shirt dresses, Boho gowns or flared joggers.
Clogs are the must-have wardrobe essentials to up our loungewear game. | Photo by Bert Ferranco on Unsplash
The Mule Moodboard: From heeled to flats to sandals, they come in all shapes and sizes. And what's better? They can be worn with a floral dress and your casual blue denim, at work and at a party. They're basically your everyday 'slip-on and get going' vibe. So, make some room for a pair of the classic mules.
From heeled to flats to sandals, they come in all shapes and sizes Photo by Jaclyn Moy on Unsplash
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: pandemic, covid, shoes, sandals, flats, clog, athleisure, moodboard
The city of Delhi has seen it all; from sultanate rule, to dynasties, and to colonial rule. From monarchy to democracy, Delhi has gone through its phases. But, in order to know and explore the nuances of Delhi, you must read these beautiful books.
1. City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi by William Dalrymple
This book was written while Dalrymple was still flirting with his love for the Medieval India. The author writes, "Moreover the city- so I soon discovered- possessed a bottomless seam of stories: tales receding far beyond history, deep into the cavernous chambers of myth and legend," and just like this, Dalrymple takes you in a tour to discover Discover Delhi.
2. Delhi by Heart: Impressions of a Pakistani Traveller by Raza Rumi
This book explores how the author explores his identity as a South Asian Muslim and how his city of Lahore is a mirror image of Delhi. Rumi, in this book, tries to co-relate the past with the present by comparing its festivals, streets, and markets.
3. Delirious Delhi: Inside India's Incredible Capital by DavePrager
This book is quite interesting. The story of this book revolves around the lives of Dave and Jenny who have recently moved to Delhi when their firm began to go down. The city of Delhi in this book is shown through their eyes as they try to make their way in the city that holds together a very large population.
4. The Heart has its Reasons by Krishna Sobti, Translated by Reema Anand, Meenakshi Swami
The original title of this book is "Dil - o - Danish". This book tells the reader about the streets of Old Delhi and almost transport the reader back in the past. This book is basically set in the 1920's, and tells the tale of a man's extramarital affair, his children out of wedlock, black magic, and Chandni Chowk's rich culture of sweets and the perils of being a widow. Interestingly, many have compared the author of this book to Jane Austen.
5. Delhi: A Novel by Khushwant Singh
Who would talk about Delhi and not remember Khushwant Singh? This amazing book is just like a narrative of the author's fulfilled love affair with the city and with a eunuch. The narrator in this book is an aging man who is trying to discover the city. This book is truly a masterpiece, where it takes the readers on the history of Delhi glimpsing at what makes the city what it is– simply beautiful.
There are some of the Indian cities which are older than time. Therefore, we must know which cities are they, and what has been their history!
1. Varanasi (1200 BC–)
Varanasi is one of the oldest cities of India, and has been a center of religious and cultural activity since the Bronze Age. In fact, this city might have been in existence from a very long time, since it finds mention in the Rig Veda. It is believed that the city of Varanasi was thriving for more than 1600 years before the fall of the Roman Empire in Europe. This city is one of the holiest places for Hindus and Jains, and even Lord Buddha gave his very first sermon here in 528 BC. In Hinduism, it is believed that dying in Varanasi brings salvation, which is the reason why the city is always brimming with pilgrims.
2. Ujjain (700/600 BC–)
Ujjain was once considered as one of the most prominent cities in the Middle India. In fact, the name of this city is repeatedly mentioned in the literature of that period, i.e. in the works of stalwarts like Kālidāsa. This city has seen the rise and fall of numerous empires, from the Mauryas to the Avantis, Nandas, and even the Guptas. This city, just like Varanasi, is also considered as one of the holiest cities in India, and hosts one of the officially recognized Kumbh melas, the Ujjain Simhastha Kumbh, in which people across the world take place.
3. Madurai (500 BC–)
Madurai been a major center of culture and trade for more than 2500 years. In fact, the name of this city has been mentioned in the writings of the great traveler, Megasthenes, and has been ruled by several empires from the Pandyas and the Cholas to the Karnata, and finally the British. Interestingly, ‘'Koodal,' was one of its ancient name which means 'a congregation of learned men'. There is no doubt that Madurai was an epicenter of scholars and religious teachers in the southern part of India.
4. Thanjavur (300 BC–)
Thanjavur was formerly known as Tanjore. This city is pretty famous for its Tanjore style of painting, which is a traditional style that is characterised by the use of gold foil, religious imagery, and simple compositions. This city is best known for being the home of the Great Living Chola Temples, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Till date, people across the world visit this place in order to experience its rich history and heritage.