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More than a religious community, Hinduism is a faith or a way of life. There is no particular approach or a prescribed book of rules that governs it. It is greatly influenced by the people, their caste, the region they belong from and community-driven practices. Even with all these variations, there is a common thread of belief in a supreme being which revolves around the principles of truth, dharma, and karma. It was not started or preached by anyone and has its roots which precede recorded history.
There are nine beliefs which are prevalent among the many other beliefs and are the pillars of Hindu spirituality-
- One Almighty– Hindus believe in an omnipresent being that is a supreme power whose existence is beyond the understanding of humans- the one who is the creator of this universe.
- The sacred scriptures– Hindus believe in the four divine Vedas; Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda. These texts are ancient and the oldest proof of Hinduism. These Vedas elaborate on the ways of worship, sacrifices and method of meditation. The main essence of these Vedas is to understand the creation of this universe.
- The three worlds– According to the Hindu beliefs, there are three worlds- Satya Loka ( Heaven), Bhu Loka (Earth) and Patala loka (Hell). The universe undergoes a continuous cycle of creation, preservation, and dissolution.
- The law of Karma– Karma is the law of cause and effect. It is how a person’s life is influenced and moulded because of one’s own deeds. Hindus believe that if you do good, you get good back.
- The Theory of Reincarnation– In Hinduism, people believe in rebirth until you get liberation. It is closely related to the law of karma. It is believed that you are reborn until you have resolved all your karmas and attain moksha (liberation from the cycle of rebirth).
- Temples– Divine beings exist in a world we don’t know about. Hinduism talks about temple worship and rituals. They believe that prayers are a medium of communication with the Gods.
- The Guru– Hindus follow spiritual leaders who practice and teach others the way of life, self-discipline, good behaviour, and meditation.
- Ahimsa– Everyone is equal and deserves to be loved and respected. They do not harm or hurt any other being by words or action.
- Equal respect for all– Hinduism believes that all religions have their own rules and practices, but are different facets of God and lead to the same values of Love and Light.
These 9 being the pillars of Hinduism are still just a small part of the entire faith. There is no way you can convert to be a Hindu, you can be born Hindu or simply practice Hinduism. There is no specific scripture which lists downs the codes of conduct or the way of life a Hindu should follow. Hinduism allows an individual to experience life and learn through it. A man who is successful in understanding this achieves enlightenment and becomes one with God.
– by Rasika Aiyer of NewsGram. Twitter: @Rasikaiyer93
Remember, the right language is what matters for your app in the first place.
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By- Joseph Collins
An energy meter, also known as a Watt-Hour Meter, is a device that monitors the level of electrical energy or gas consumed by users. Utilities are among the agencies that place these devices in various locations such as houses, businesses, organizations, and commercial properties to charge for the power consumed. You can always know how much is gas or electric cheaper by contacting a utility company.
Electronic Energy Meters
When compared to traditional mechanical meters, these types of measuring equipment are more accurate, have a faster processing time, and are more trustworthy. When attached to a source, it uses less power and begins measuring immediately.
Analog or digital meters are both possible. Analog meters transform energy to proportionate frequency or pulse rate, which is then combined by counters inside the device. A high-end processor directly calculates power in a digital electric meter.
Logic circuits combine the power to obtain the energy as well as for testing and certification purposes. The frequency or pulse rate is then calculated.
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Smart Energy Meters
It is a cutting-edge metering technique that entails installing intelligent meters that read, process, and relay information to clients. It monitors energy usage, changes the supply to consumers remotely, and digitally manages the maximum energy usage.
For greater performance, smart metering systems make use of modern metering infrastructure system technology. These meters limit the number of times you have to go to the place to get your monthly reading.
In these smart meters, modems are utilized to enable communication technologies like phone, wireless, fiber cable, and power line communications. Another benefit of smart metering is that it eliminates the possibility of tampering with energy meters, which could lead to unlawful power usage.
An energy meter, also known as a Watt-Hour Meter, is a device that monitors the level of electrical energy or gas consumed by users. | Wikimedia
Working of The Meter
The conventional electric meter looks like a clock and keeps track of how much electricity you consume. A series of microscopic gears inside the meter moves as your home takes electricity from the power wires. The numbers on your meter that you notice when you look at it indicate the number of revolutions.
The quantity of electricity utilized determines the speed at which the rotations occur. The velocity of moving gas in the pipeline is measured by a gas meter. As the gas flow rate increases, the dials speed up.
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How Often is Meter Read?
Unless the meter is a consumer-ready meter, the government will demand utility companies read user meters quarterly. If the consumer checks the meter, the utility is asked to read it at least once a year. Almost every month, many utilities try and read their customers' meters.
If the meter isn't read, the utility might issue an estimated charge based on the previous usage. Keep bushes and plants away from the meter and allow access to the meter reader if your meter is within your home. All utilities demand their meter readers to have an employment ID as a security measure.
Smart meters limit the number of times you have to go to the place to get your monthly reading. | Wikimedia
Responsibility of Meter
The utility provider is in charge of meter installation as well as the gas and electric lines that go up to the meter. The wires from the meter to the customer's premises are his responsibility.Please call your gas or electric utility if your meter is broken or displays evidence of tampering. Manipulation with a meter is prohibited and may result in service termination, legal punishment, or both.
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A hilarious rhyme that children often chant cheerily while jumping around, Jack and Jill is another example of the dark history covered up in light-hearted rhyme. Instead of England though, this is a rhyme that sheds light on the history of France.
Unlike other rhymes, the rhyme is part fiction and part history, since only the first two lines can be taken as an allusion to the past.
"Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water,
Jack fell down and broke his crown,
And Jill came tumbling after."
King Louis XIV ruled over France in the late 18th century and was called out for treason. He had failed to uphold the economy of France. His spouse Marie Antoinette was an equally powerful influence in the monarchy but could not do anything when her husband was convicted.
King Louis XIV of France Image source: wikimedia commons
The French are famous for the guillotine, and Louis XIV was beheaded on this device. This act of executing a monarch is why the rhyme has the line "Jack fell down and broke his crown". The guillotine, at this point in history, was kept outside the city, and the journey to it was long and tedious. It was ideally located on a hill, so that the entire city of Paris could witness the execution of the accused.
Louise XIV is believed to have been dressed and taken on the long journey up to the guillotine, where his hair was cut off and he had to renounce his authority. He bid farewell to his friends and was followed up the hill by a crowd holding pikes and bayonets, to prevent his escape. He was then executed as the last monarch of France.
Death by guillotine was the most terrifying way to execute a criminal Image source: wikimedia commons
A few months later, when the hue and cry of Louis XIV's death has died down a little, but the political situation of France was no better, his wife, Marie Antoinette was also executed at the guillotine for her role in the fall of France. And this event alludes to the line, "Jill came tumbling after".
The rest of the rhyme is a fictional account of a moralistic idea for children, as a way to tell them to be careful of where they engage in play. Since a large part of the rhyme seems like a story of two children who have had an accident in play, that is how the rhyme has survived and the history behind it, has been forgotten.
Keywords: Marie Antoinette, Louise XIV, Guillotine, France, Nursery Rhymes, Monarchy