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Diabetes drug can help in blocking premature births. Image Source: daily-sun.com
  • The early-stage study, based on results from mice bred to be prone to premature birth, was published online in JCI: The Journal of Clinical Investigation
  • The mice treated with metformin went on to have full term births, the findings showed
  • Metformin appears to be a potentially safer alternative that works along the same molecular pathway, Dey said

A drug used by millions of people as the frontline treatment for Type-2 diabetes, may also play an unexpected role in blocking a significant cause of preterm birth, say researchers including one of Indian-origin.

“This proof-of-concept study illuminates a potential mechanism behind preterm birth,” said senior author of the study Sudhansu K. Dey, Director of the Division of Reproductive Sciences at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center in Ohio, US.



Premature baby. Image Source: www.todaysparent.com

“It also demonstrates possible remedies that are already approved for human use,” Dey noted. The early-stage study, based on results from mice bred to be prone to premature birth, was published online in JCI: The Journal of Clinical Investigation.

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The study is important for two reasons, according to the researchers. First, it details a little understood molecular pathway that can lead to premature birth by disrupting the function of the decidua – a thick membrane that lines the uterus and supports the continued growth of developing foetuses.


Mice treated with Metformin. Image Source: www.medpagetoday.com

Second, the researchers demonstrated – in mice — two successful methods for restoring the lining’s function and achieving healthy, full term births. The study involved analysing mice bred to have a condition known to make pregnancies more likely to end in premature birth.

The mice treated with metformin went on to have full term births, the findings showed.

The team also reported similar – but less effective – results when treating mice with resveratrol, an anti-oxidant and anti-aging dietary supplement made from grape seed extract.


Sudhansu K. Dey, Director of the Division of Reproductive Sciences. Image Source: www.cincinnatichildrens.org

In previous studies, Dey and colleagues discovered that rapamycin, an immune suppressing agent, showed promise in mice at preventing preterm birth. However, that medication may be risky for use in pregnant women.

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Metformin appears to be a potentially safer alternative that works along the same molecular pathway, Dey said. Preterm birth can be caused by many factors. It remains unclear how many preterm births are triggered by early decidual ageing, but Dey said it could be a significant number.


Metformin. Image Source: www.canadianpharmacy365.net

The process of preparing and conducting human clinical trials to further test the medications could take several years. (IANS)

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Photo by GOI.

New Education Policy 2020

On the first day of the two-day meeting of BJP and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) leaders on Tuesday, discussions were held on important issues related to education and the National Education Policy-2020.

Apart from senior RSS leader Suresh Soni, representatives of various organisations associated with the Sangh Parivar -- working in the field of education -- were present in the meeting in New Delhi.

According to sources, Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, who attended the meeting on behalf of the government, shared information related to the National Education Policy-2020 and the government's policy on important issues related to the education sector. Pradhan also shared details of the efforts being made by the government in the field of education.

Discussions were also held regarding the impact of the situation arising out of Corona and how much it has affected the education sector.

In the meeting, the RSS leaders asked several questions and provided suggestions to the Union Minister regarding the education policy of the government.

According to the sources, RSS wants the policy to be implemented expeditiously. All aspects related to the policy were discussed in Tuesday's meeting.

On the second and the last day of the meeting on Wednesday, special issues related to education will be discussed in which representatives of various organisations of the Sangh, Union Ministers and several BJP leaders will be take part.

Meanwhile, in order to convey its point of view to the government on various issues, the Sangh keeps on calling such coordination meetings related to specific issues, in which RSS representatives -- working in that particular area -- provide feedback to the government. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: BJP, RSS, New Education Policy, Education, India


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