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Hawking was motivated by the music of Richard Wagner and the love of his future wife Jane Wilde.

On Saturday, the 80th birth anniversary of Stephen Hawking, Google paid homage to the English cosmologist, writer, and theoretical physicist with an animated movie that appeared on its homepage. It covers Hawking’s life and work, with narration provided by the physicist himself, and was created with the approval of his family. His ideas on the origins and dynamics of the universe, which ranged from colliding black holes to the Big Bang, transformed contemporary physics. At the same time, his best-selling books made the science broadly accessible to millions of readers across the globe.

Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity NASA Hawking's ideas on the origins and dynamics of the universe transformed contemporary physics. | Wikipedia

Stephen William Hawking was born on 8th January in 1942 in the English city of Oxford. From an early age, he was intrigued by the workings of the cosmos, and his curiosity and brilliance gained him the moniker “Einstein .” Following a diagnosis of a neurological condition at the age of 21, Hawking was motivated by the music of composer Richard Wagner and the love and support of his future wife Jane Wilde to devote his life to physics, mathematics, and cosmology.

Hawking defended his Ph.D. thesis, “Properties of Expanding Universes,” at the University of Cambridge in 1965, presenting the groundbreaking hypothesis that space and time evolved from a singularity, an endlessly small and dense point, primarily remembered today as the essential characteristic of black holes. During the same year, Hawking was accepted as a research fellow at Cambridge’s Gonville and Caius College, where he would spend the rest of his life doing research.

In 1974, due to Hawking’s fascination with black holes, he discovered that particles could escape from black holes. This idea, called “Hawking radiation,” is his most significant contribution to physics. Hawkins was appointed as the Lucasian Professorship of Mathematics by the University of Cambridge in 1979 for his revolutionary work on black holes. This post was held by Isaac Newton in 1669.

Physicist Stephen Hawking’s Ph.D. thesis was made publicly available in 2017 on a University of Cambridge portal, which crashed as a result of the high volume of visitors.. Following a battle with Lou Gehrig's disease (ALS) for more than 50 years, Stephen Hawking passed away in 2018.

Black holes aren\u2019t that black : Stephen Hawking Following a battle with Lou Gehrig's disease (ALS) for more than 50 years, Stephen Hawking passed away in 2018. | File

According to, “His publications included The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time (1973; coauthored with G.F.R. Ellis), Superspace and Supergravity (1981), The Very Early Universe (1983), and the best sellers A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes (1988), The Universe in a Nutshell (2001), A Briefer History of Time (2005), and The Grand Design (2010; coauthored with Leonard Mlodinow).”

(Keywords: Stephen Hawking, black hole, Big Bang, Google, cosmologist, writer, theoretical physicis, birth anniversary)



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