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India and China will hold 13th round of Corps Commander talks on Sunday, at Moldo on the Chinese side, to resolve border dispute in Eastern Ladakh.
Both the countries will discuss phase-III of disengagement and also overall de-escalation along the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh. The talks are scheduled two months after both the countries withdrew troops from friction Patrolling Point (PP) 17A in Gogra at the Line of Actual Control in Eastern Ladakh.
The disengagement process was carried out over two days i.e. August 4 and 5, 2021. The troops of both sides are now in their respective permanent bases. It happened soon after twelfth round of talks between the Corps Commanders on July 31, 2021.
As an outcome of the meeting, both sides agreed on disengagement in Gogra. The troops in this area have been in a face-off situation since May last year. With disengagement reached between both the countries for Gogra, India will now take up other remaining friction areas like Hot Springs and 900 square km Depsang plains during 13th round of military talks.
India has insisted during recent military commander meetings to resolve all issues across the Line of Actual Control.
Till now, apart from 12 round of Corps Commanders-level talks, the two forces have also held 10 Major Generals level, 55 Brigadiers-level talks and 1,450 calls over the hotlines.
Earlier, the troops of two Himalayan giants have disengaged from both the banks of Pangong Tso in February this year.
India and China have been engaged in border disputes for the last 16 months. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: India, China, Borders Dispute, Talks, Nation, International Affairs.
New Delhi: While there are no border disputes with Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, such disputes exist with China and Pakistan, Minister of State for External Affairs VK Singh stated in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday.
In the eastern sector, China claims approximately 90,000 square meters of Indian territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh,
The minister said the fact that Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir were integral and inalienable parts of India, has been clearly conveyed to the Chinese side on several occasions, including at the highest level.
Indian territory under the occupation of China in Jammu and Kashmir is approximately 38,000 square meters. In addition, under the so-called China-Pakistan ‘Boundary Agreement’ signed between China and Pakistan on March 2, 1963, Pakistan illegally ceded 5,180 square km of Indian territory in PoK (Pakistan-occupied Kashmir) to China,
Besides this, he also expressed the terms of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) agreement between India and China.
He said: “India and China, under the agreement on confidence building measures in the military field along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the India-China border areas, signed in November 1996 and subsequent protocol on modalities for the implementation of confidence building measures in the military field along the LAC in the India-China border areas, signed in April 2005 and Border Defence Cooperation Agreement, signed in October 2013, are committed to the clarification and confirmation of the LAC to reach a common understanding of the alignment of the LAC.”
According to him, the two sides have agreed to each appoint a special representative to explore the framework for a boundary settlement from the political perspective of the overall bilateral relationship.
“The 18th round of special representatives’ talks on the India-China boundary question was held in New Delhi from March 22 to 24, 2015. India and China have established a Working Mechanism on Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on the India-China border affairs to deal with important border affairs related to maintaining peace and tranquility in the India-China border areas,” he said.
“A meeting of WMCC was held in Beijing on October 8, 2015. India and China are committed to resolve bilateral issues through dialogue and peaceful negotiations and in a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable manner,” he added.
As for Pakistan, Singh said India was willing to address all outstanding bilateral issues through peaceful means.
However, continued support of Pakistan to terrorism directed at us from the territory under Pakistan’s control has prevented the creation of the necessary environment. (Indian) The government has urged Pakistan on several occasions to fulfill its assurances, given and reiterated at the highest level, to put an end to anti-India activities on its soil and territories under its control,
Regarding Nepal, the minister said strip maps covering 98 percent of the India-Nepal boundary has been authenticated and initialed in 2007 at the Surveyor-General level, “though they are yet to be signed at the plenipotentiary level”.
“Issues relating to the maintenance and management of the India-Nepal boundary are discussed in existing bilateral mechanisms at both senior official and working levels,” he stated.
“Our unique, centuries-old civilizational ties with Nepal, based on shared geography, history, culture, language, and religion and characterized by close political relations, wide-ranging economic cooperation and deep-rooted people-to-people friendship, have been rejuvenated since May 2014 with sustained interaction at the highest political level, including the prime minister’s two visits to Nepal in 2014.”
Singh also informed the house that the India-Nepal Joint Commission was revived at the level of external affairs minister in July 2014.
India continues to maintain close engagement and bilateral exchanges with Nepal, as well as extend all assistance in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Nepal, for peace, stability, and socioeconomic development of the country,
On Bangladesh, the minister said India and Bangladesh shared a 4096.7-km border, which was the largest land border that India shared with any of its neighboring countries.
“Both countries concluded a Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) in 1974, soon after the independence of Bangladesh, to find a solution to the complex nature of border demarcation,” he said.
The agreement was implemented in its entirety with the exception of three issues pertaining to (1) undemarcated land boundary of approximately 6.1 km in three sectors, viz. Daikhata-56 (West Bengal), Muhuri river-Belonia (Tripura) and Lathitila-Dumabari (Assam); (2) exchange of 111 enclaves in Bangladesh with 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India; and (3) adverse possessions.
“During the visit of then prime minister Manmohan Singh to Bangladesh in September 2011, a protocol to the 1974 LBA was signed which settled these three outstanding issues,” Singh said.
“Subsequently, instruments of ratification of the agreement were exchanged on June 6, 2015, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Bangladesh,” he added.
(Inputs from IANS)
Agra: Educational institutions in this Taj city have enriched India’s intellectual legacy. Many may dispute Agra’s claim to modernity, but when it comes to great and grand educational – infrastructure more than a century old – the city’s record remains unchallenged till date.
It’s not just the medical college which started as the Thompson School of Medicine or the Mental Asylum now called Mansik Arogyashala, that came up in the 1850s. Agra boasts of a dozen other educational institutions that have sent out streams of talented people who have promoted the country’s intellectual heritage.
The oldest convent in Asia, started in 1842 by six nuns of the Congregation of Jesus and Mary founded by Claudine Thevnet, continues to groom homemakers with highly cherished traits in great demand in the matrimonial market. St Joseph’s Inter-College in the neighbourhood also boasts of a hoary history. In 1846 was founded the St Peter’s College by the then Agra Archdiocese that had its sway over half of India right from Tibet to the southern end of what is now called Madhya Pradesh.
The Protestants, the Baptists, the Methodists and other denominations too had their own educational institutions, all more than a century old. St John’s degree and Inter Colleges stand tall even today. The magnificent red sand-stoned edifice of St John’s College attracts notice and inspires awe with its imposing look on the MG Road.
In fact, the grandiose and often experimental architectural features of some of these institutions continue to fascinate locals.
“When people from other towns, our relatives visit us, we never fail to take them around to our schools and always the reaction is a wide-open mouth: ‘Oh my god, how much space and what grandeur, something to be really proud of, especially when you compare them with modern-day match-box like structures of schools’,” said Mukta Gupta, a former student of St Patrick’s College, told IANS.
“Educational temples should automatically inspire awe and respect, the right academic ambiance comes from the structures.” A teacher of Baptist College said: “Our class-rooms are big and spacious with high ceilings, big verandahs, long corridors and open spaces all around unlike some of the modern schools which look like kabootarkhanas.”
The St John’s College on Mahatma Gandhi Road is often mistaken by foreigners as the Red Fort.
Then, the Rajput and Maratha-styled Agra College and the spacious RBS College are massive architectural delights. These buildings inculcate a sense of pride in students and connect them with history. It’s little wonder that many of the older students boast to their grandchildren about the grandeur of their alma mater, said ex-St Johnian Sudheir Gupta of Vijay Nagar Colony.
Does the building of an academic institution have any relationship with the quality of output or standards of excellence?
“Oh it does a lot to the confidence of the students, their grooming as healthy and mentally sharp human beings. Schools must have open, neat, well-ventilated classrooms for the healthy development of students,” said Rajan Kishore, an ex-student of St Peter’s College.
The SN Medical College and the RBS College have made notable contributions by sending out competent faculty.
As the mother institution, the RBS Agriculture College provided trained hands for both the Pusa centre of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in New Delhi and later the Pant Nagar University – both centres of excellence in the sector.
Among others who passed out of RBS are former ICAR head Mangla Rai, Ex-BHU vice chancellor Punjab Singh, Nehru Agricultural University vice chancellor Dhyaan Pal Singh and popular Hindi radio commentator on cricket SVS Chauhan.
Former president Shankar Dayal Sharma, former governor SMH Burney, former foreign secretary S.K. Singh, security chief during Indira Gandhi’s time Ram Krishan Khandelwal, former P&T head Neepesh Talukdar and celebrated British author Reginald Massey, to name a few, are ex-St Johnians.
Both Agra College and St John’s College have the privilege of producing eminent jurists, politicians and professionals.
By NewsGram Staff Writer
“India will never provoke conflict by being the first to open fire across the borders but will never back off”, said Home Minister Rajnath Singh.
Inaugurating the Border Security Force Golden Jubilee Seminar on “Border Management in India – Challenges and Options” today, Rajnath Singh said that our forces will give a befitting reply to shelling and gunfire from across the border.
The minister said that secure borders are integral to India’s development. He said that the BSF is doing a wonderful job not only in guarding the land borders but is also taking care of the riverine and coastal borders along Bangladesh and Gujarat.
Rajnath Singh said that the Government has sanctioned six Floating Border Out-Posts (BOPs) for Bangladesh border and three for Gujarat. Assuring the BSF of Government’s commitment to provide the force with latest weaponry and equipment, the Union Home Minister lauded the BSF personnel for undertaking welfare activities and developmental works for the people residing in the vicinity of the borders.
The daylong seminar is being organized by the BSF as part of the series of events to celebrate its Golden Jubilee year.