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Certain tribes have remained matrilineal, where the decision-making power rests with the eldest female of the family.

In modern times, many social movements aim to bring reform to the society we live in, on the basis of certain existing patterns. Patriarchy is something that many aim to cleanse our cultures of, to usher in the era of social and gender equality. Despite all these so-called movements, in southern India, certain societies that patronise matriarchy have existed since before India's independence. The Nairs and Ezhavas of Kerala, and Bunts and Billavas of Karnataka are matrilineal societies that continue to thrive in a patriarchal country.

Kerala remains separate from the rest of India in many ways. Be it literacy policy, form of government, or cultural practices, this state does not always conform to the ideal that India is known for. Even so with their social structure. Certain tribes have remained matrilineal, where the decision-making power rests with the eldest female of the family.

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A Yakshagana artist prepping for his performance

Native to Karnataka, Yakshagana is known as a performance celebrating the music of the celestial beings. It is more of a folklore tradition along the Konkan coast, that overlaps a performance of dance and drama.

Yakshagana was traditionally an all-male enterprise. Men would dress up in elaborate costumes, heavy headgear, and perform all night, telling stories inspired by Hindu epics. Instances from the Ramayana and Mahabharata are relayed through the musical. The performers use specific instruments, like the harmonium, metal clappers, and drums. As the heavy titillating music plays, the actors move in motions expressing the situation.

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Varanasi is believed to be the oldest Cory in the world. The famous English author Mark Twain has even called it 'older than history'. wikimedia


By Prakhar Patidar

We know Varanasi aka Banaras for its temples, religiosity, and ghats. For ages, the city has been an important Hindu pilgrimage site, one of the holy seven. Many wish to have their final rights done one the ghats of Ganga at Varanasi to attain moksha.

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Photo by Satyajeet Mazumdar on Unsplash

Ahmedabad is a beautiful cocktail of ancient architecture and masterful urban planning.

By Prakhar Patidar

Ahmedabad, the capital city of Gujarat, is the only other heritage city of India apart from Jaipur to grab a spot on the UNESCO list of world heritage. It was the first city of India to be included in the list. Set on both sides of the Sabarmati River, Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat.

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