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Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, also known as Guru Gobind Singh Ji's Prakash Parv, is an auspicious day commemorating the birth of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
According to the Georgian calendar, Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born on December 22nd, 1666; but his birth anniversary is celebrated every year in line with the lunar calendar, which falls on January 9th, this year. He was born in Patna and was an outspoken supporter of social equality. He was a vocal critic of injustice and prejudice, and as a result, he became a significant source of inspiration for many people.
Guru Gobind Singh is honoured by Sikhs and have been an important figure in their lives. He is credited with the creation of the Dasam Granth, whose hymns constitute a holy element of Sikh prayers till this day. It was him who initiated the formation of the Khalsa community in 1699. Among his other accomplishments, he was the one who finalised the Guru Granth Sahib as the primary scripture. It is the teachings of Guru Gobind Singh that have enlightened the people of his religion and many others throughout the world.
Guru Gobind Singh was the one who established the five 'K's' that the Sikhs follow today. | Wikimedia Commons
He was the one who established the five 'K's' that the Sikhs follow today:
1. Kesh (also known as kesa): Refers to hair and beard that has not been shorn.
2. Kangha: Wooden comb used twice a day.
3. Kara: A bracelet made from iron or steel worn around the wrist.
4. Kacchera: Short breeches.
5. Kirpan: A sword.
On this day, believers from all over the world extend their warmest greetings to one another and pledge to follow the guidance and practice of Guru Gobind Singh Ji in their lives. Devotees assemble to pray for blessings and organise large gatherings in which they sing devotional songs and share food with each other. Following this, they offer special prayers in Gurudwaras, which are their places of worship. The food plays an important part in the celebration of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti. Numerous worshippers go to Punjab's Golden Temple to offer prayers and take a dip in the sacred Sarovar (a pool or moat-like tank built around or adjacent to the Gurdwara).
Numerous worshippers go to Punjab's Golden Temple to offer prayers and take a dip in the sacred Sarovar. | Pixabay
Guru Gobind Singh was a poet, spiritual teacher, warrior, philosopher, and writer. Although he passed away in 1708, his principles and convictions have survived through the generations of his followers.
(Keywords: Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, 9 January, Sikh, Sikhism, Punjab, Khalsa, Guru Granth Sahib, holy)
New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday greeted the Sikh community on the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh.
Salutations to Guru Gobind Singh ji on his Prakash Utsav. His bravery and service to humanity is always remembered and widely cherished,” Modi tweeted.
Hundreds of devotees thronged the holiest of Sikh shrine ‘Harmandar Sahib’, popularly known as Golden Temple, in Amritsar and the Takht Keshgarh Sahib at Anandpur Sahib, the second most important Sikh shrine where the guru spent a number of years and founded the ‘Khalsa Panth’ in 1699, to offer prayers.
Devotees could be seen visiting other gurdwaras across Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh to offer prayers despite the cold weather. The maximum temperatures ranged from 10 to 16 degrees in the region on Friday.
“This is an important year. Next year will mark the 350th birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh. This whole year will mark celebrations of the 10 master,” Gurbaksh Singh, a devotee visiting the Anandpur Sahib shrine, 80 km from here, said.
The Punjab government is already working on plans to celebrate the 350th birth anniversary of the guru in January 2017 in a big way.
The main celebrations next year will be in Bihar’s capital Patna, the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh. Special celebrations will be held in Anandpur Sahib and Harmandar Sahib.
“The Punjab cabinet has accorded the approval for constitution of a foundation for celebration of 350th Parkash Utsav of Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji from 4th to 6th January, 2017,” a Punjab government spokesman said.
“Memorable festivities will continue throughout the year during which seminars will be conducted on history and philosophy of Sri Guru Sahib. The meaningfulness of dissemination of Guru Sahib’s ideology has increased during the present era of rising communalism and social partitions,” the spokesman said.
It was at Anandpur Sahib on April 13, 1699, that the 10th Sikh master Guru Gobind Singh baptized the first five Sikhs (Panj Piaras – the chosen and loved ones of the guru) and founded the Khalsa.
The Takht Keshgarh Sahib gurdwara is known as the birthplace of the ‘Khalsa’ (pure) – the modern-day Sikh religion.
Guru Gobind Singh had declared that Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of Sikhs, will be the eternal guru and no person will be appointed guru after him.(IANS)