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By Prachi Mishra
Talcum powder is an intrinsic part of everyday lifestyle. Each one of us has sprinkled a dash of talcum over ourselves to not only improve our appearances and personal hygiene, but to also tackle the adverse effects of hot and humid weather.
However, most of the people are unaware about the fact that this soft and silky powder is slowly taking a toll on their health. The possible benefits of talcum powder are drastically outweighed by the hazards it causes.
From a last few years, certain concerns have been raised regarding its widespread use. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) found out that talc containing asbestiform fibres is carcinogenic to humans, i.e. cancer-inducing. There have been several reports stating that talc inhalation is hazardous for infants and its use for personal hygiene can increase the risk of ovarian cancer in women.
A little trivia
Talcum powder is made up from talc, a mineral mainly comprising magnesium, silicon and oxygen. Its natural formation starts from soapstone composed of talc, chlorite, mica, quartz, tremolite, magnetite and iron. The soapstone gradually changes over time in the presence of carbon dioxide and water (carbonation) from hard dense rock to pure talc. In this natural form, some talc contains asbestos, a substance known to cause cancer.
The link between talc and cancer
In 1987, the International Agency for Research on Cancer wrote a review on the carcinogenicity of talc. It separated the powder into with and without asbestiform fibres. With time, some studies were also conducted amongst the talc workers in New York.
In the overall assessment, it was noticed that there’s enough evidence to prove that exposure to asbestiform containing talc can increase the risk of cancer in people.
In Japanese literature, the first report of death of an infant caused by inhaling baby powder dates back to 1961. K. Motomatsu, H. Adachi and T. Uno conducted an experiment in rats that revealed talc inhalation is fatal. They found that “it coats and dries the mucus membranes, causes hemorrhage, edema and desquamation of the bronchial epithelium, clogs up and compromises mucociliary clearance in the airways while larger quantities may completely obstruct airways.”
Several studies have reported an association between ovarian cancer and the use of talcum powder in genital area. In 2006, the IARC stated in a report that the perennial use of talcum powder can increase the risk of ovarian cancer in women.
A big name in pharmaceutics, Johnsons and Johnsons, is facing two lawsuits filed in 2014 by two women. Both the cases claim that the company has been responsible for giving ovarian cancer to women through their talcum powder products.
Deane Berg, a resident of South Dakota, stated in her lawsuit that she used Johnson’s Baby Powder and its Shower to Shower powder as a feminine hygiene product for several years. In late 2006, she was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. She said that talc, a key ingredient in Johnson’s Baby Powder and in Shower to Shower, caused her cancer.
Doctors removed cancerous tissues from her body for examination and found talc particles embedded in those tissues and concluded that talcum powder was the cause of her cancer.
She claimed that Johnsons and Johnsons was negligent towards women’s health by not putting a warning about the dangers of using talc based powders.
Another woman, Mona Estrata, filed a case against Johnsons and Johnsons claiming that despite knowing the risks of its powder products, the company did nothing to warn its customers of the hazards of using them.
It’s surprising that despite such evidences of serious health effects caused by use of talcum powders in the West, people in India have continued to use them gladly. One of the major reasons for this is that people are not aware of the potential dangers of using talcum powders. Several pharmaceutical companies continue to manufacture powders containing talc without giving a statuary warning.
On asking about the risks involved with talcum powders, a doctor at Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi told NewsGram, “Absestos is a known risk factor for lung and abdominal carcinoma. Asbestos containing talc therefore should come with a warning. More studies on asbestos free talc should be undertaken on global basis for to look for possible carcinogenic side effects.”
There is a need to raise public awareness about the risks involved with talcum powders. The government regulatory bodies should ensure that the public is protected from the consumption of products that are hazardous.
The European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union (EU), has announced plans for smartphone and other electronics manufacturers to fit a common USB-C charging port on their devices in an effort to reduce waste. In addition to phones, the rules will apply to other devices like tablets, headphones, portable speakers, videogame consoles, and cameras, reports The Verge. The decision will have a huge impact on Apple, as the company still uses its own Lightning connector to charge iPhones. The proposals only cover devices using wired, not wireless and a USB-C port is only mandatory for devices that charge using a cable.
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices | Photo by Solen Feyissa on Unsplash
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices. With more and more devices, more and more chargers are sold that are not interchangeable or not necessary. We are putting an end to that," the report quoted EU commissioner Thierry Breton as saying.
The Commission also wants to unbundle the sale of chargers from the sale of electronic devices, which it says will improve the consumers' convenience. "With our proposal, European consumers will be able to use a single charger for all their portable electronics - an important step to increase convenience and reduce waste." In addition, the Commission will require manufacturers to provide relevant information about charging performance. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Electronic Devices, Chargers, Cable, smartphone, Adapters, Charging Cord
By- Devakinanda Ji
OṀ (AUM)-JII-VI-ṪAAR-DHA-BO'-DHA-KA- BHOO-MYAI-Ṇ—NA-MA-HA
ॐ जीवितार्थबोधकभूम्यै नमः
(Jīviṫa: Life; Ardha: Meanining; Bodhaka: That which teaches)
What is born has to die. Anything that has form and shape has to degrade over time. The question is how one has lived his life or how long he has lived? The vanity toward their bodies, their desire for longevity, and material indulgence the westerns have; you don't see anywhere else on the planet.
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Our scriptures and sacred texts teach us that there are 8.4 million species born and every living being that is born, indeed dies. Human life is the highest species because of awareness and a human has the opportunity to redeem himself or herself in this life with the free will given to them. We have the faculties of action, freewill, and the power of knowledge. These faculties make humans different than all the other animals, which are programmed to eat, procreate and sleep. Our ancient spiritual scientists (sages, rishis, and seers) educated us to think about the temporary nature of our bodies. We take it for granted that we live forever; even as we see people around us dying. Still we live in a delusion, thinking that we won't die and will live happily ever after. But our rishis constantly remind us that we should work towards liberation while living in this body (jēvanmukta).
ALSO READ: Hindu Temples Vandalised In Bangladesh's
Only our sacred texts like the Vedas and Upanishads can answer deep philosophical questions like: what is the purpose of our universe? The reason for our lives? the meaning and purpose of life? You may not find the answers in any other religion. Our philosophy does not stop at going to heaven after death, but discusses very thoroughly karma, rebirth, and liberation. Our Vedas discuss how to get out of the wheel of birth and death (punarapi jananam; punarapi maraṇam). They laid down dharmasūtrās (do's and don'ts) for us to live by. They clearly explain about heaven (if you believe in and desire it) and the journey the jīva (pure spirit) takes after the death of the gross body, based on the results of our actions while alive. Vedas have established the four purushārthās (dharma, artha, kāma and mokṣha) as the goals of life.
Hence, our land is the one which teaches the ends to be striven for by human beings and is 'Jīvitārdhabodhaka Bhūmi'.
By- Tejas Maheta
Free VPNs tend to get a bad rap (and often for good reasons, which we'll discuss in a second). Still, there are some safe and free VPN services recommended by expats - just click the link for some solid options. Next, scroll on to see how you can put them to good use while you're abroad.
Privacy and Security (to a Certain Degree)
One of the main purposes of a VPN is to encrypt your network traffic – garble it, basically – to keep it safe from:
- ISPs that want to sell your browsing and location data for a profit
- Hackers and script kiddies lurking at every corner public hotspot
- Government surveillance agencies spying on their own citizens
Even free VPNs can do as much, as long as you go with a trustworthy provider such as those linked at the start.
On top of that, VPNs hide your real life location by masking your IP address and assigning a new one based on the server you connect to. Useful in case some cyberstalkers or trolls lure you into clicking on IP-grabbing links or scripts to determine your location. Unfortunately, it's not as effective against GPS tracking (though there are some paid VPNs out there that can spoof GPS).
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Unblock Some Websites While Abroad
While not as versatile as a subscription-based VPN, free VPNs still have some unblocking ability that can be useful to an expat. For instance, you can access your home banking or investment accounts, which in most cases block foreign traffic. Understandably so, since a lot of cyber attacks tend to be linked to international hacker networks.
Using a VPN also allows you to access small news sites from back home, who simply don't find it worth it to comply with GDPR regulations in the EU. Alternatively, you can set your virtual location outside the EU to get around all those annoying cookie consent pop-ups. Funny little side effect, but it can definitely save you some grey hairs while browsing.
Finally, free VPNs can unblock some content such as region-locked music videos, or age-restricted YouTube videos in the EU without having to give up your ID or credit card information to Google. You won't have much luck using free VPNs on content platforms like Netflix, though. Those of you looking to bypass geo-restrictions on streaming sites are better off using a sub-based VPN.
One of the main purposes of a VPN is to encrypt your network traffic.Wikipedia
Bypass Firewalls and Censorship
VPNs sure seem like a master thief's skeleton key, don't they? So many Internet barriers out there, all of them nullified with the help of a single tool. And yes, they can easily get around firewalls as well.
For the most part, you'll be using a VPN to unblock social media and other "distractions" at work or at school. Believe it or not, airport and hotel Wi-Fi can be pretty restrictive too. Thankfully, VPNs make short work of their firewall rules.
And while not as effective as a paid option, free VPNs can also help during Internet blackouts caused by government censorship. Look no further than the recent Hong Kong protests, the frequent social media shutdowns in Turkey, and similar cases worldwide. All of these have one thing in common: free VPN usage shot up immensely as people sought ways to contact their loved ones or post their outrage online.
Why the Negative View of Free VPNs?
You've seen all the great things you can accomplish with a free VPN. So why all the bad press about them? Well, here are some fairly valid concerns that apply to a decent chunk of free providers:
- They sell user data – after all, they need to pay for operational costs somehow. It just so happens that advertisers find your browsing habits highly valuable.
- Several free VPNs based in Hong Kong breached their "no-logs" policies and ended up leaking 1.2 TB of user data online. This isn't an uncommon occurrence, considering the data harvesting practices of most free VPNs.
- They can infect your device with malware that can extract sensitive info or otherwise cause damage. In one major case, user devices were hijacked into a botnet and used in a large scale denial-of-service attack.
Other criticisms are directed at their data caps, slow performance, the small number of overcrowded servers, and the bandwidth throttling. Add to that the fact that they don't unblock region-specific Netflix libraries or other streaming sites, and you can see why people aren't too thrilled about them.
Still, if you're not looking for anything fancy, a free VPN should tide you over until you can fit an actual subscription into your budget. Just stick to the trusty VPNs we've linked to in the beginning.
Disclaimer: (This article is sponsored and include some commercial links)