Sunday, December 6, 2020
Home Life Style Health & Fitness The outbreak of Leptospirosis with monsoon: Symptoms and precautions

The outbreak of Leptospirosis with monsoon: Symptoms and precautions

 

monsoon water logging

Dr. J.K. Bhutani

Come monsoons and the outbreaks of Leptospirosis, a zoonotic disease are reported from coastal districts Maharashtra.
Leptospirosis is primarily a contagious disease of animals, occasionally infecting humans. It is caused by pathogenic Spirochete of the genus Leptospira, a type of bacteria that traditionally consist of two species L. interrogans and L. biflexa.

How does it spread?

The domestic animals carry the microorganisms and therefore act as carriers of the leptospires. Together the rodents and the cattle excrete large number of organisms in their urine and thus are responsible for the contamination of large and small water bodies.

In monsoons the water logged areas force the rodent population to abandon their burrows and contaminate the stagnant water by their urine. The farmers and agricultural labourers working in the water logged contaminated fields catch the infection if they move in with abraded or cut skin.

Clinical Symptoms of Leptosirosis

The common symptoms are: fever, muscle pains, conjunctival haemorrhage, headache, pulmonary and renal hemorrhagic complications.

The patients are often misdiagnosed as malaria, dengue hemorrhagic fever, viral hepatitis etc. The clinical suspicion must be reported to the medical specialist soon for proper diagnosis with the laboratory aids.

Weil’s syndrome, is the more severe form of leptospirosis having more severe course with jaundice, oliguria and haemorrhagic complications

How to prevent the outbreak?

Elimination of water logging, ensuring proper drainage of rainwater and control of the rodents will prevent the outbreak of leptospirosis. These measures are typically taken by the civic bodies but at individual level the following measures will be of help:

  1. Do not move in stagnant water without proper rain boots and covered skin especially if you have cut or abraded skin.
  1. Wash the exposed skin immediately after coming from the water soaked area.
  1. On doctor’s recommendation, one may take antibiotic Doxycycline 200 milligram once a week for the period of 6-8 weeks. This is prophylactic (preventive) in nature. On the same line, doxycycline may be given to agricultural workers (example: paddy field workers, canal cleaning workers in endemic areas) from where large number of cases have been reported like in Mumbai, now a days.

JK1

Dr J.K. Bhutani MD is a protagonist of preventive and promotive health care based on austere biology and facilitating self healing powers of human organism.
You can follow him at https://twitter.com/drjkbhutani

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,777FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Your Complete Guide On How To Select The Best Credit Card

The trend of using a credit card is on the rise for the affluent population, who can afford the expense. Given the abundant variety...

Women With PTSD And Depression Are On Higher Risk Of Early Death

Women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression have an almost fourfold greater risk of early death from cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, type 2...

World-Famous Hornbill Festival From Nagaland Goes Virtual

The Naga Heritage Village, the epicenter of the world-famous Hornbill Festival is quiet this year with the celebrations turned online due to the Covid-19...

Books To Add In Your Bookshelf This December 2020

With a rather turbulent year nearing a culmination, taking to books that touch upon the themes of religion, mythology, spirituality, and life lessons can...

Making Digital Art Accessible To The Visually-Impaired

Instagram is one of the most popular social networks worldwide. This visual medium is not just a photo gallery anymore it has transformed into...

Indian-Origin Engineers Digitally Communicates Via Human Touch

A team of Indian-origin researchers in the US has made it possible to essentially let their bodies act as the link between the card...

Report: 8 Out Of 10 People Trusted Advertising Messages Across Media

A recent study has found that eight out of 10 people trusted advertising messages across media. Accordingly, the study commissioned by the Advertising Standards...

Ashtottaram 27: OṀ GANGĀPAVIṪRABHŨMYAI NAMAH

Ashtottaram 27 Ashtottaram 27) OṀ GANGĀPAVIṪRABHŨMYAI NAMAH: OṀ (AUM) -GAN-GAA-PA-VI-ṪRA-BHOO-MYAI—NA-MA-HA ॐ गङ्गापवित्रभूम्यै नमः                    (Ganga: One who descended to this earth; Pavitra: Sanctified, purified by the performance...

Recent Comments