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By Gaurav Sharma
Degraded treatment accorded to women in the medieval age has been the tipping point in brandishing Hinduism as a dogmatic and highly patriarchal religion.
Our history books are replete with references of women being forced to partake in Sati or self-immolation, cases of wicked oppression by the male gender, countless crude examples of coercion into child marriage, among myriad other social evils that persisted during the middle age.
When a student of history, as it is taught in the modern school education, is subjected outright to a one-sided view of the Hindu society, it becomes quite natural for him to start visualizing Sanatana-Dharma or the eternal religion as being synonymous with a degraded version of theism, practiced by men of warped intelligence.
The propaganda levied against Hinduism –that of being inherently oppressive towards the fairer sex– is meant to turn people against the true essence of Hinduism.
Such a manipulated notion paints a very dogged image of Hinduism, as it exists in its unadulterated form.
A thorough understanding of the ancient Vedic texts would, however, reveal a contrarian view of women as propounded in the scholarly works of modern historians.
When Divinity finds itself naked and incomplete without the female aspect of the Divine, it speaks volumes of the importance that is stressed upon womanhood in Hinduism.
Krishna is approached through his eternal consort Radha, Ram through Sita, Shiva with Durga, and so is the case with every spiritual form or symbolism. The balance in the divine spiritual powers can only be obtained through the combination of male with female divinities. Hence, emphasis is placed on worshiping and glorifying the feminine aspect as the ‘Divine Mother’.
The school of Vedanta, established by Ramakrishna Paramhamsa and popularized by Swami Vivekananda, greatly emphasizes the worship of Kali as ‘the Mother’.
Manifest consciousness or Shakti is the female energy as per the Shaivism which takes diverse forms and is named accordingly. When associated with the growth in all forms of life, it is called Prana. Kundalini, the power that lies dormant in the form of a coiled up snake in everything and can be unleashed through yogic and tantric practises, is also feminine.
In the form of ignorance, or the aspect in which she produces individuality and bewilders everyone, she is called Avidya Rupini. Conversely, she, as Vidya Rupini is also the one who unveils knowledge and opens the door to liberation or Moksha.
As the dissolver of the world she is Kali and as the loving consort of Shiva, she is Parvati.
Access to Education
The conception that women were denied access to education in the Vedic age is utterly farcical. Several hymns of the Vedic canon have been composed by women such as Maitrayi, Ghose and Vak.
The composition of such highly sophisticated stanzas could not have been formulated unless the women were well-established in knowledge. The birth of a scholar was held in high regard in the Vedic society. The Mahanirvana Tantra confirms this by to saying, “A girl should be brought up and educated with great care”.
Upanayana or the sacred thread ceremony denoting pursuance of Vedic studies for life was open to women. It was never the sole preserve of the males. Prominent brhamavadinis like Gargi, Khona, Romasa, Vac and Ambrhni are testimony to the openness of the Vedic education system in this regard.
Another social evil attributed to ‘superstitious’ Hinduism, is the propagation of child marriage.
However, the Rig Veda, the oldest of the living Vedas, quashes such an argument.
“An unmarried learned daughter should be married to a bridegroom who like her is learned. Never think of giving in marriage a daughter of very young age.” (Rig-Veda 55:16)
The above statement makes it clear that women, like men, were equally educated and learned and were married after reaching nubility.
The Vedic religion is also sometimes dubbed as ‘backward’ and ‘illiberal’ on the argument that women were bound within the realm of their paternal house, forced to live in a kind of social slavery.
On the contrary, young men and women were given unrestricted freedom to intermingle with each other. Samsanas, traditional equivalent of carnivals, used to be organized from time to time, allowing people from both genders to interact and participate in merry-making. And, many women chose their life partner from such social gatherings.
On the other hand, there are also considerable allusions to women marrying at an older age. For instance, the female seer Ghosa married the sage Kaksivan at a late age.
Such ennobling examples of freedom of choice in marriage, apart from invalidating Western notions of Hindus being caught in the web of ‘arranged marriage’, clearly highlight the maturity level which characterized the ancient Vedic religion.
The Curious Case of Social Evils
The precept of dowry is also completely misunderstood by the predisposed minds under the tutelage of distorted history books.
Dowry was not a sum of money on which the transactional deal of women was based. In stark contrast, it was a parting gift that the woman carried with her to the new house, having sole preserve of its rightful use.
Cases of Sati or self-immolation (as it is popularly depicted), were few and far between and have now been blown out of context and proportion. It was only in the medieval period, during the reign of the Islamic tyrants that women started plunging themselves into the fire by the dozen, a desperate act to evade Islamic atrocities.
A widowed woman, in the Vedic times, was given much affection and warmth. She had the right, or rather, the freedom to remarry. This can be corroborated by the following verse from the Rig-Veda (X, 18.8):
“Rise up woman thou art lying by one whose life is gone, come to the world of the living, away from thy husband, and become the wife of him who holds thy hand and is willing to marry thee”.
The verse is a call to the widowed women to rise from the pier of their deceased husbands and take the hand of her new husband. However, the underlying meaning of the text has been interpreted wrongly by scholars to suit their whimsical and often vacillating notions.
The meaning of Sati–virtuous woman--itself does no justice to its falsely portrayed picture. Still, scholars have depicted Sati as a mere Hindu phenomenon, despite evidence that the rate of female suicides was highest during the Mughal rule.
Moreover, some contentious and dubious theories have surfaced which hold that Sati, as a caste-status symbol, spread due to the “Sanskritization” of India while others contend that the practice of Sati was a “non-religious and patriarchal” ideology and represented “purity, sacrifice and valor”.
We have the volition to choose which theory suits our logical and reasoning. However, a fact which cannot be denied is that the distortion in understanding the meaning and origin of Sati–by labeling them “Hindu problems”–during the colonial-era further amplified the social evil.
A more balanced analysis of the Hindu scriptures would reveal a scenario where women were honored and respected, not equally, but rather in a highly lofty fashion.
The reverence and significance of womanhood is summed up best by Manu in his law book Manu Smriti:
“Women must be honored and adorned by their fathers, brothers, husbands, and brothers‑in‑law, who desire their own welfare. Where women are honored, there the gods are pleased; but where they are not honored, no sacred rite yields rewards.
Where the female relations live in grief, the family soon wholly perishes; but that family where they are not unhappy ever prospers. The houses, in which female relations, not being duly honored, pronounce a curse, perish completely, as if destroyed by magic.”
But here again, Manu is castigated by modern scholars and academicians as being “anti-women”, despite the fact that there are sections which provide for widow-remarriage and the dissolution of marriage. Others provide for property rights, though restricted to six kinds only. The role of caste does assume significance, but women were never subjugated or oppressed as a weaker sex.
Besides, concerns have been raised regarding the post-modern scholarship on the reliability and authenticity of the Manu-Smriti manuscripts available today.
Mahatma Gandhi, the epitome of Dharmic (righteous living) held Manu’s work as part of the Shastras but did not pledge allegiance to each and every verse of the Smriti’s, mainly due to the contradictions that had crept into the printed volumes.
“I hold Manusmriti as part of Shastras. But that does not mean that I swear by every verse that is printed in the book described as Manusmriti. There are so many contradictions in the printed volume that, if you accept one part, you are bound to reject those parts that are wholly inconsistent with it. (…) Nobody is in possession of the original text”, Gandhi is known to have said in An Adi-Dravida’s Difficulties 1.
The complex commentary that Manu weaves around women issues along with the codification of women rights based on it from Hindu texts (mixed with Islamic texts for Muslims) during the British era has rendered it to subjective interpretations, mostly dubious in nature.
(Corroborated by Indian historians such as Flavia Agnes)
It is time we switched off the denial mode and turned back to the pages of the Vedas, which can indeed usher in a new era of feminism, one which is much more rooted in spiritual wisdom.
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- Feminism’ is a concept which is largely growing in the twenty-first century. Hence, it is the need of the hour to know what feminism really means. Read these books to understand ‘Feminism’! - NewsGram - Lens to India from Abroad ›
BitMart just experienced one of the biggest hacks in cryptocurrency history, with losses estimated at a whopping $196 million. Withdrawals have been frozen until further notice as the company undergoes security checks, but CEO Sheldon Xia has promised to compensate affected users out of pocket. By stealing a private key opening two hot wallets, hackers achieved one of the biggest centralized exchange hacks to date by swapping stolen tokens for ether and then depositing the funds to Tornado Cash.
The hack has again raised concerns regarding crypto theft. Investors fall victim to attacks as simple as clicking on a link, giving hackers unfettered access to their wallets. So, it’s no surprise that investing in crypto is considered such a high-risk activity. There are ways to mediate risk and one of such ways is to have a bug bounty, which HUH Token, a new cryptocurrency does have. According to an analysis by Deloitte, more than 25% of all bitcoin could be stolen in one attack. This is perhaps why cyber criminals get so creative in coming up with crafty ways to take your bitcoin. Unfortunately, as crypto is decentralized, stolen crypto is extremely hard to recover. In light of the prediction that 10% of global GDP is to be held in crypto by 2025, it needs to become unassailable. To avoid becoming the next hacking victim, use these expert-based tips to maximize your wallet’s security:
1.Keep your most confidential information offline
Never store passwords and mnemonics onto digital devices, as once hackers gain access to those your crypto is gone. HackerNoon recommends users to write that information down on paper and divide it into two halves. Rather than placing them in your desk drawer, you should hide several copies across various locations and with specific entrusted individuals. Remember to check up on these sites at least twice a year to ensure the information is still readable.
2.Store most of your assets in a cold wallet
Although hot storage wallets are preferred for their convenience, those that rely solely on passwords such as Metamask have experienced significant losses due to ongoing attacks. Ensure you only store limited amounts on there while keeping the bulk of your tokens in a cold wallet. Ledger and Trazor are solid choices.
3.Invest in coins that have undergone bug bounties
A bug bounty is a programme used in crypto to report problems and vulnerabilities as well as to check whether their systems can be hacked. Hackers are invited to attempt to decipher the smart contract coding. The reward increases in value with the size of the bug. With bug bounties, developers can improve their security using real hackers and strengthen their software and contracts. For this reason, it’s useful to consider switching from bigger names like bitcoin and ether to newer, lesser-known crypto with their own bug bounties. HUH Token, for instance, has recently announced one in which different attack vectors can be freely explored on the condition that there’s no major drawbacks for the HUH community. Additionally, HUH websites or infrastructure don’t generally form a part of the bounty programme. HUH can reward up to 50,000 points (1 point being equivalent to $1) to those who manage to penetrate it.
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XRP's price is forming a reversal pattern as bulls defend a critical support level. Meanwhile, HUH Token has rocketed over 400% on its first day of trading and looks set for further gains.
Ripple (XRP) reached a low of $0.76 over the weekend, followed by a brief 10% run-up. This upswing was brief, and it resulted in the formation of another swing low near $0.76, resulting in a double bottom.
This bottom reversal pattern indicates that the downswing has reached its conclusion. As a result, investors can anticipate a noticeable increase in buying pressure, pushing XRP price back to the $0.96 resistance level following a 15% upswing.
Clearing this hurdle will pave the way for liquidity to be collected above the $1.03 swing high. In total, this rise from $0.76 to $1.03 represents a 30% increase.
XRP is also currently trading well below all of its moving averages on a 4-hour and daily chart.
4-Hour Chart According to TradingView
While XRP's price is improving, a break below the $0.76 support level will signal increased selling pressure. If buyers are unable to maintain this level, the cryptocurrency may retrace to the immediate support floor at $0.68.
If Ripple forms a lower low below this level, it will invalidate any bullish outlook and may trigger a crash to the next level at $0.61. Here, buyers have another opportunity to recoup their losses before Ripple falls further.
New cryptocurrency HUH Token (HUH) has rocketed over 400% on its first day of trading and looks set for further gains. HUH's initial coin offering (ICO) started at $0.00000564 but within just a few hours it surged to over $0.00003000.
Traders can still expect plenty of volatility as the new crypto finds its feet but looking at the 15-minute chart indicates that buyers have formed a base at $0.00002720.
15-Minute Chart According to TradingView
As long as this support floor holds the price is expected to continue its upward momentum.
Solid fundamentals and recent media attention are some of the main reasons for HUH Token's successful launch.
As stated in the White Paper, "The dream of HUH Token is a decentralised metaverse in which everyone benefits from the data they generate. The data generated through engagement, whether it is information, opinion, images, sound, or another form of self-expression, generated value for influencers and individuals, because all data generates influence, and HUH believes that influence is a currency that should be shared for the greater good "'.
This concept of "tokenising" influence is unheard of in the cryptocurrency space and has the potential to resonate with the creative and influencer communities. Musicians, artists, and influencers can use this cryptocurrency and its associated social network, "MetHUH," to monetise their works or "influence" by exchanging HUH Tokens.
HUH Token intends to be listed on over 100 exchanges within 12 months. This will mean HUH's price will become more bullish with each exchange listing, as access to the token becomes more accessible.
HUH's creators have also locked in $1 million of liquidity for two years to bolster long-term sentiment.
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Shiba Inu is a meme cryptocurrency that reached impressive heights over just 15 months. A $100 investment in Shiba Inu on its debut day, 15 months later, your investment would be worth $14,045,098 - this is over 14 million dollars. HUH Token launched on the 6th of December and its value increased by 400% in just 6 hours. This was a genuinely explosive start, and HUH Token have demonstrated that they are a force to be reckoned with. The successful launch of HUH Token has caught the attention of several investors across the globe. Considering it has only been a day, it will be interesting to see what will happen next for HUH Token.
The First 24 hrs Post Launch
The first 24hrs after HUH Token launched smashed all expectations. As previously stated, in just 6 hours, HUH Token’s value increased by 400%. Naturally, HUH Token should expect the value to go up and down in price, but it is quite impressive considering the time frame. At the time of writing, HUH Token’s key stats appear like this:
24hr Volume: $976,173
These numbers are likely to change due to the volatile nature of cryptocurrency. It peaked at $0.000031039 earlier in the day and has stayed somewhat steady around that figure since then.
How Can HUH Token Keep Up Momentum?
HUH Token may have found themselves in a promising position for now; however, they need to keep up the momentum if they want to continue on their upward trajectory. HUH Token has broken down its roadmap into three stages. Stage 1 includes launching on PancakeSwap, developing a multi-chain bridge, developing HUH Swap, CEX Tier 3 listings and getting listed on CoinGecko and CoinMarketCap. According to the HUH Token website, they intend to go on 100 exchanges in the next 12 months, including Gate.io, Kucoin, Bitforex, Bitmart, HITBTC and many more.
Stage 2 of the HUH Token Roadmap also looks quite attractive to the investor’s eye, as it states that 3000 influencers will be contracted to post for the crypto. During this huge social media campaign version, 2 of the website and version 2 of the White Paper will also be released. Stage 3 will debut an NFT Market Place, HUH Social CRM System, HUH App Launch and a GIG Generating Market Place.
How Does HUH Token Compare To Shiba Inu?
Shiba Inu, while impressive, lacks practical value, and its popularity has been fueled mainly by hype. This obliterates a long-term investing plan, especially given the mass adoption of other cryptocurrencies. Moreover, few cryptocurrencies have successfully bridged the gap between crypto's utility and meme components.
This is where HUH Token comes in, a new cryptocurrency that has managed to integrate utility and meme features. As a result, they've developed the word 'utimeme' to define the type of cryptocurrency they're dealing with. This is an exciting notion, and if they are actually successful in merging both features, they will undoubtedly become trailblazers, inspiring other cryptocurrency inventors to follow suit.
With all of that in mind, it is easy to see why people in the crypto community are drawing parallels between Shiba Inu and HUH Token.
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