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Dec 17, 2016: 2016 was an unlucky year because we lost many gems. Many eminent personalities from the political arena, art and music field etc, passed away. They left back an impression, a void which would never be refilled by a replacement. Here is a list of talented and popular personalities who left our side in 2016:
- Parmeshwar Godrej
Parmeshwar Godrej was an Air hostess in Air India. She married Adi Godrej at the age of 21. She was also one of India’s premier socialites. She had launched an initiative for combating AIDS, called Heroes Project in 2004 wherein she also received international support. She died on October 10, 2016 in Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai.
- J. Jayalalithaa
Jayalalitha served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for five terms ie. over fourteen years between 1991 and 2016. She worked as an actress in movies, primarily in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada movies between 1961 and 1980. She has acted in over 140 movies. She died on 5 December 2016(2016-12-05) (aged 68) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
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- Dileep Padgaonkar
He became the face of Indian intellectual journalism while handling the editorial team of The Times of India. He died on 25th November 2016.
- A.B. Bardhan
Ardhendu Bhushan Bardhan was a freedom fighter, trade union leader and the former general secretary of the Communist Party of India. A.B. Bardhan passed away of a paralytic stroke in December 2015. He was admitted to the hospital where he died, aged 91, on 2 January 2016 at the Govind Ballabh Pant Hospital in New Delhi.
- Nida Fazli
Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli was the full name of the veteran Indian Hindi and Urdu poet, lyricist and dialogue writer. He was also awarded the Padma Shri in 2013 for his contribution to literature. Fazli suffered a heart attack and breathed his last on 8 February, 2016.
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- Balamurli Krishna
An Indian Carnatic vocalist, musician, multi-instrumentalist, playback singer, composer, and character actor, Mangalampalli Balamurali Krishna was an encompassment of innumerable talents. Balamurli was also awarded the Padma Vibhushan for his contribution to arts. He breathed his last on 22 November 2016(2016-11-22) (aged 86) in Chennai.
- S.H. Raza
Sayed Haider Raza was a painter whose works comprised of abstracts in oil or acrylic, with a very rich use of color, replete with icons from Indian cosmology as well as its philosophy. He died on July 23, 2016(2016-07-23) (aged 94) in New Delhi, India though he spent quite some parts of his life in France.
- Mahasweta Devi
Mahasweta Devi was an Indian Bengali fiction writer and also a social activist.Devi was voice of the tribals and the dispossessed. Movies like Rudaali and Hazar Chaurasi Ki Maa , are based on her novels. She died on July 28, 2016 in Kolkata.
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- Cho Ramaswamy
His real name was Srinivasa Iyer. He was was an eminent Indian actor, comedian, character actor, editor, political satirist, playwright and dialogue writer, film director and lawyer in Tamil Nadu. An encompassment of so many talents and skills, Cho died due to cardiac arrest at 3:58 AM on 7 December 2016 at the age of 82, in Chennai.
- Mrinalini Sarabhai
Mrinalini Sarabhai was an eminent Indian classical dancer and choreographer. Sarabhai trained over 18,000 students in Bharatnatyam and Kathakali. She died on 20 January 2016.
We lost many gems in diverse fields in 2016. We can only hope that they know that the shoes that they have left behind cannot and will never be, filled by anyone else. May their souls rest in peace!
– by Shambhavi Sinha of NewsGram. Twitter: @shambhavispeaks
The US researchers have discovered a class of immune cells that plays a role in miscarriage, which affects about a quarter of pregnancies.
Researchers at the University of California-San Francisco found that the recently discovered subset of cells known as extrathymic Aire-expressing cells in the immune system may prevent the mother's immune system from attacking the placenta and fetus.
The researchers showed that pregnant mice who did not have this subset of cells were twice as likely to miscarry, and in many of these pregnancies fetal growth was severely restricted.
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"When you're pregnant, the immune system is seeing the placenta for the first time in decades -- not since the mother made a placenta when she herself was a fetus," said Eva Gillis-Buck, from UCSF.
"Our research suggests that this subset of immune cells is carrying out a sort of 'secondary education' -- sometimes many years after the better-known population of the educator cells have carried out the primary education in the thymus -- teaching T cells not to attack the fetus, the placenta and other tissues involved in pregnancy," she added. The findings are published in the journal Science Immunology.
The immune system has to be educated not to attack one's own tissues and organs to prevent autoimmune disease. But pregnancy presents a unique challenge since the fetus expresses proteins found in the placenta as well as proteins whose genetics are distinct from the mother.
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"It was a conceptual leap to link Aire-expressing cells, which are critical for preventing autoimmune disease, to pregnancy," said Tippi Mackenzie, Professor of Surgery at UCSF's Center for Maternal Foetal Precision Medicine.
In the thymus, Aire-expressing cells begin interacting with other immune cells very early in life to teach them what not to attack. The thymus begins to shrink and is nearly gone by adulthood, by which time most immune cells have been educated. But as the thymus shrinks, the population of eTACs in lymph nodes and the spleen expands, the researchers explained.
The study suggests a healthy pregnancy may depend on having these cells around, they added. (IANS/KB)
The tiny emojis being shared on billions of devices worldwide can play a major role in digital communication, with most people saying that emoji compels them to feel more empathy towards others, according to an Adobe report.
Adobe's global emoji study found that emoji even helps people overcome language barriers and form connections that would otherwise be difficult to do.
"We were surprised and delighted by the discoveries made in the survey, most notably how enthusiastic respondents were for emoji as a means to express themselves," the company said in a statement.
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Emojis sometimes get criticized for being overly saccharine, but this sweetness is key when it comes to diffusing some of the heaviness of online communication.
"Many of the emoji are focused on positive emotions, so it's easy to insert them into our conversations and lighten the mood," the Adobe study said.
It's not surprising that over half of those surveyed feel more comfortable using emojis than talking on the phone or in person.
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This applies to less intense situations too. Dating, for example, can be tricky — especially when it's online or via digital apps, as it often is now.
The study also found that emoji even helps people overcome language barriers and form connections that would otherwise be difficult to do.
In celebration of World Emoji Day on Saturday, Adobe's '2021 Global Emoji Trend Report' surveyed 7,000 people in the US, the UK, Germany, France, Japan, Australia, and South Korea. (IANS/KB)
Following the grand Richard Branson show where he carried Andhra Pradesh-born Sirisha Bandla and fellow space travelers on his shoulders after successfully flying to the edge of space, it is time for Amazon Founder Jeff Bezos to applaud Sanjal Gavande, one of the key engineers who designed the New Shephard rocket set to take Bezos and the crew to space on July 20.
Billionaire Bezos is set to fly to the edge of space aboard what is touted as the world's first unpiloted suborbital flight. Born in Kalyan, Maharashtra, Gavande is a systems engineer at Blue Origin who always dreamt of designing aerospace rockets.
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After completing Bachelor's in mechanical engineering from the University of Mumbai, she flew to the US in 2011 to pursue a Master's in mechanical engineering from the Michigan Technological University. She also applied for an engineering job at the US space agency NASA but finally landed her dream job at Blue Origin
Sirisha flew to the US in 2011 to pursue a Master's in mechanical engineering from the Michigan Technological University.IANS
Bezos, his brother Mark, aviation pioneer Mary Wallace 'Wally' Funk, and other passengers are set to liftoff from west Texas and travel just beyond the edge of space on July 20. Blue Origin announced this week that Oliver Daemen, an 18-year-old high school graduate from the Netherlands, would join the crew.
Oliver is the son of millionaire Joe Daemen, Founder, and CEO of the Dutch investment company Somerset Capital Partners. Blue Origin, however, did not reveal how much Daemen paid for his son's trip to space. Bezos chose July 20 as the launch date to honor the 52nd anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing.
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The launch site for Blue Origin's first human flight will be in a remote location north of Van Horn, Texas, from where the firm had launched New Shepard for previous flights. Blue Origin has received final approval from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to carry humans on the New Shepard rocket into space.
On July 12, Bandla touched the edge of space with three others, including Virgin Galactic's billionaire CEO Richard Branson. Bandla vaulted into space onboard VSS Unity 22. After the successful spaceflight, Branson carried the Indian-American on his shoulders while celebrating their flight to space, at Spaceport America in New Mexico. (IANS/KB)