Many programs and strategies were launched to ensure women safety and provide them equal status in the society. But these moves did not yield fruitful results owing to various obvious reasons.
This very target of ensuring equality and respect for women cannot be achieved only by good education as the society too plays a major role in the development of the nation.
Right from the early days a person learns majorly by observing the surroundings. Education teaches him the basic but respecting women is learnt by observing the happenings around him.
It must be noted that most slum areas are prone to violence against women. And women are mostly subjected to atrocities in the slums.
Furthermore, if a child witnesses domestic violence he learns it by default.
The government cannot be blamed completely for it. Bending the laws and using it to one’s interest make matter worse.
There is no dearth of laws in India but regrettably, very few are aware of them.
Act prohibiting the practice of sati (in 1850) Cast disabilities removal Act, 1850 The Hindu widow remarriage act, 1856 The special marriage Act III of 1872 The married women’s property act, 1874 The child marriage Act, 1929 The Hindu gains of earning Act, 1930 The Hindu women’s right to property, 1937 The Christian marriage Act, 1872 The Parsee marriage and divorce Act, 1936 The dissolution of the Muslim marriage Act 1939
These acts seem to be very impressive but are only found on paper and are not reflected in the actual society. These acts can be effective only if it comes into action. Most of the people are unaware about these acts and are unable gain anything out of it. Focus should be on making people aware about these laws.
There are two ways to end violence against women
(1) Aiming for institutional and policy change, implementing effective laws and policies.
(2) Aiming for bringing in a change in the individual behavior and social norms and attitudes.
Raising awareness to end violence is about changing people’s heart and mind.
Let us get united for the cause and build a better society.
There is a sense of excitement in India’s Patuka village — adults and children look curiously as signs with the names of daughters are hammered outside several homes. It is a novelty in a village where patriarchal mindsets have long held sway.
As Mubin Sumssu poses proudly with his family after the name of his 14-year-old daughter is posted outside his gate, he envisions a new future for her. “I hope she studies well, progresses in life, does a good job and makes a name for herself.”
This is not the life that girls can traditionally aspire to in this Muslim-dominated village, which lies in one of the country’s most backward districts in the northern Haryana state. Many girls do not complete school and their lives revolve around household chores and looking after siblings from an early age. Most are married off young.
The nameplate campaign, called “Daughter’s Pride Festival,” hopes to make a difference by persuading village families to treat girls on par with boys. The aim: Names of girls plastered outside doors will carry the winds of change inside homes that continue to be ruled firmly by men.
The head of the village council is a 23-year-old woman, Anjum Aara — laws mandating female participation in local bodies have brought women like her to prominence. More educated than most girls in the village, Aara has been emphasizing the importance of educating girls since she came to Patuka after her marriage.
She is optimistic that the latest campaign will raise consciousness about the need to empower women. “It will make people understand that the daughter is the identity of the family,” Aara said. “They will be inspired to educate girls. Those with negative thinking about this will become more positive.”
It is not an easy goal in places where women traditionally never had a voice. One village woman approached by a reporter for her reaction to the campaign refused to speak without her husband’s permission. The girls whose names have appeared outside homes are shy and appear to have limited understanding about its significance.
Nonetheless, the man spearheading the campaign, Sunil Jaglan, is optimistic that such steps will slowly usher in social transformation. The nameplate campaign is part of a model he followed in his village, Bibipur, when he was its head. It has now been adopted by the government in scores of villages.
Jaglan says it is not easy to persuade men to put their daughters’ names outside homes in villages with deeply entrenched customs.
He points out that virtually no women get a share of parental property despite laws granting them equal rights. Terming the campaign a “mind-strike,” Jaglan says that “this is a symbol to make people understand that putting the man’s name is not enough. The woman also lives there. She also has an equal stake in the home, in the property, in the village.”
The initiative cuts across religious communities in a country where patriarchal mindsets prevail among both the majority Hindu community and minority Muslims.
About 20 kilometers down a road that cuts through fields blooming with the golden mustard crop, 25 out of 700 homes in another village boast of nameplates with their daughters’ names. Alipur is more prosperous, but traditional mindsets rule here as well — women automatically cover their heads when they see men.
Skewed gender ratio
In this Hindu-dominated village, the campaign is addressing another challenge: a skewed gender ratio. In Alipur, as in thousands of other villages, the number of girls dwindled in recent decades due to illegal sex-selective abortions. The practice, known as female foeticide, has flourished in a society that traditionally prefers boys.
Nobody knows that better than Mahesh Jangra, whose home flashes the name of his 10-year-old daughter, Dipti. Growing up in Alipur, he saw many more boys than girls in his village. But he says the imbalance has brought an awakening.
“Now people realize that who will the boys marry if there are no girls?” Jangra said. “First everyone gave priority to sons, now we want to treat sons and daughters equally and put the daughter’s name ahead.”
That is why he willingly put his daughter’s name outside his door, instead of that of his 15-year-old son.
So far it is the more affluent families like that of Jangra that have opted to post their daughters’ names. But as they are usually the trendsetters in the village, the hope is that others will follow suit.
Komal Kalonia, a 19-year-old college student, is one of the few girls who has received a good education. She says her family did not need any persuasion to put her name outside. Kalonia feels the nameplate will send a message.
“When a passerby sees this, it will encourage them to do the same and take their thinking a step ahead,” she said.
As such campaigns make a mark, the state’s gender ratio has improved from 834 girls for 1,000 boys, according to the 2011 census, to 914 last year.