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Journey of Hindi from Dialect “boli’ to Official-National Language ‘rashtrabhasha’

It is officially the country’s first language that is spoken and understood, among all the other Indian languages

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August 27, 2016:

“Language is the armory of the human mind, and at once contains the trophies of its past and the weapons of its future conquests.”
– Samuel Taylor Coleridge

A Language has a paramount importance just not in the terms of exchanging words, but also in terms of sharing  feelings, expressions and beliefs – in the form of words, signs, symbols or sound. It is an important source and means of human communication. But with time, gradual change and development of languages, have become more apparent.

Evolution of any language depends mainly on socialization and interaction. Most interactive languages have evolved rapidly, rather than any isolated language of any particular tribe, that resides distinctly far away, based on the geographical biases. Languages which lack in socialization and interaction, also lack in adapting values and behaviors from other culture as well.

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India is a multi-lingual country, and officially it has 22 languages and Hindi being one of them. It is officially the country’s first language that is spoken and understood by the majority of Indians.

  • Origin of Hindi Language: According to Griysen, Hindi is divided into two- Paschimi Hindi – Shourseni Apbransh and Purvi Hindi – Ardhmagdhi Apbransh. The root of Shourseni Apbhransh is Sanskrit, which came from Aryan language. Shourseni Apbhransh has developed into Khadi Boli, and later to Hindi.

Hindi, being the most interactive and socialized language is coupled with the influence of technology, lifestyle and other languages and culture, is no less far in terms of evolving.

Image source: YouTube
Image source: YouTube

Evolution of Hindi has occurred in numerous forms:

  • Change in writing and speaking: Hindi is written in Devnagri script originated from ‘Bahamani Lipi’, though later in 1935, few corrections in changing of letter’s shapes and use of the verbs took place in “Nagri Lipi Sudhar Samiti” by Kaka Kalelkar. Moreover, nowadays people are more prone to using ‘Bol Ki Bhasha’ or spoken word, rather than, ‘Manak’ or standard Hindi.

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  • Insertion of New Words: Over time, Hindi has been influenced by foreign languages- like Urdu, English, Persian Sanskrit, Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Portuguese, Dravidian Languages and others. Hindi is full of loan words and one will be surprised to know that most of the words that we use in our daily conversation have a foreign origin. Therefore number of words like – Tadbhava (तद्भव/تَدبهَو derived from Sanskrit or Prakrit), Tatsama (तत्सम/تَتسَم identical, derived from Sanskrit), Deshaja (देशज/دیشَج local, derived from Sanskrit).
  • Influence of media: Hindi has got worldwide fame for the influence of media. Social media, film, and television have influenced the writing style of Hindi a lot! People who don’t know how to read or write Hindi to express his feelings in the form of Devnagri script can easily do the same in Roman script. Be it ‘sharyari’ or a film script; use of Roman script in Hindi in nothing new.
  • Popular songs and Advertisements: Exposure of Hindi through songs or adds helps the language to reach out to several people. Nowadays, to make songs appealing and catchy, lyricists and script writers prefer a combination of both Hindi and English and other languages. Due to this, directly or indirectly one comes across the language or gets aware of it. Thus, we can have an idea, how Hindi has evolved with the evolution of time.

– by Riashe Chakraborty from NewsGram. Twitter: @itzriashe

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  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Even though Hindi has a rich history in India, regional languages are still preferred in their respective region, like, Tamil in Tamil Nadu, Telugu in Andhra Pradesh, Bhojpuri in Bihar and they dominate with greater numbers.

  • Islamic Origin Language Hindi

    Hindi has no historic connection to India. It was brought by Islamic marauders and promoted by the British. Its the least Indian language. The government is hell bent on the complete elimination of Indian languages out of India and replacing them all with the Pakistani Islamic origin language Hindi. This is also the very reason why radical Islamic party BJP rejected the Indian language petition.

    • depp

      tu mrega bhai hindi ko gali bakte bakte

      • India4Everyone

        Pakistani language people don’t speak Indian languages, why is that???

  • Kudiyan Sasi

    Hindi is not our national language. It will never be.

  • Kabir Chaudhary

    Even though Hindi has a rich history in India, regional languages are still preferred in their respective region, like, Tamil in Tamil Nadu, Telugu in Andhra Pradesh, Bhojpuri in Bihar and they dominate with greater numbers.

  • Islamic Origin Language Hindi

    Hindi has no historic connection to India. It was brought by Islamic marauders and promoted by the British. Its the least Indian language. The government is hell bent on the complete elimination of Indian languages out of India and replacing them all with the Pakistani Islamic origin language Hindi. This is also the very reason why radical Islamic party BJP rejected the Indian language petition.

    • depp

      tu mrega bhai hindi ko gali bakte bakte

      • India4Everyone

        Pakistani language people don’t speak Indian languages, why is that???

  • Kudiyan Sasi

    Hindi is not our national language. It will never be.

Next Story

Indians’ online security concerns increasing: McAfee

In the wake of growing risks of identity theft and fraud, 50 per cent of consumers have signed up for an identity theft protection solution with 42 per cent planning to start using it

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McAfee says that online security concerns are rising in India. IANS
McAfee revises its online security portfolio. IANS
  • Today everyone is putting their information online or saving it on clouds
  • There are many concerns rising about the online safety
  • In India especially safety concerns are rising

As today’s connected world is putting more personal information into the digital realm, nearly three in four (79 per cent) Indians have said that their concern about online security has increased vis-a-vis five years ago.

tamil language
Storing data online is a common practice. Pixabay

A study, “New Security Priorities in An Increasingly Connected World” by global cyber security firm McAfee, also revealed a disparity in concerns as Indians do not view safeguarding their connected devices (25 per cent) as equally important as safeguarding their identity (45 per cent) and privacy (39 per cent).

“Even though consumers are increasingly worried about their security and privacy, we have also observed a disparity between their concern and action,” Venkat Krishnapur, Vice President, Engineering and Managing Director at McAfee, said in a statement. In the wake of growing risks of identity theft and fraud, 50 per cent of consumers have signed up for an identity theft protection solution with 42 per cent planning to start using it.

Also Read: Online intervention helps teenage moms deal with depression

The research indicated that the primary ways consumers rely upon for monitoring their identity include checking online bank and credit card accounts for unauthorised charges (64 per cent), checking social media for fraudulent posts (38 per cent) and using credit monitoring services (31 per cent).

Internet penetration in rural India abysmal: Report
Indians have a rising concern over their internet security. Wikimedia Commons

“In an ever-changing digital world fuelled by volume, speed and complexity, consumers should take a proactive approach towards protecting their identities and data,” Krishnapur added. When it comes to purchasing connected home devices, 39 per cent Indians ranked security as the most important factor. IANS