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Even though the JDU-led Grand Alliance in Bihar secured a landmark victory in the recently held Assembly polls ensuring third-term for Nitish Kumar as the Chief Minister, the educated Bihari youth, living especially in the other parts of the country, were dismayed and did not mince words in expressing their disappointment on social media, fearing the return of ‘Jungle Raj’.
‘Jungle Raj’ was a real thing in Bihar in the 80s and 90s when Lalu Yadav and company ruled the roost in the state. Kidnappings, murders, corruption, unemployment and migration to other states for bread and butter were the major problems faced by the people. However, things began to slowly change after the JDU and BJP formed a coalition government in the state in 2005 promising vikas (development) to one and all, irrespective of their caste and religion. 15-year-rule of Lalu was thus put to an end for good, it was believed.
The change was notable and conspicuous. The quality of education improved; new roads, hospitals, and schools were built; and people started flocking back to the state as new opportunities of jobs were created. However, after Nitish broke ranks with the BJP over the nomination of the then Gujarat CM as NDA’s prime ministerial candidate for 2014 Lok Sabha elections, political uncertainty and instability ensued during Jitan Ram Manji’s rule.
Now that Nitish has been formally elected as the RJD-JDU-Congress Mahagathbandhan’s leader, he is faced with the daunting task of winning back the confidence of the educated youth of Bihar who, like other Indians, have dreams and aspirations.
Here are five things Nitish Kumar must do to win back confidence of Bihari youth
- Quality Education
The state’s dismal track record in providing poor, unreliable education to the youth is a major cause of concern. It is a fact that students passing out from Bihar state board and universities find it tough to secure jobs and admission into good educational institutes in other parts of the country. Nitish must take concrete steps in improving the quality and reliability of education, for ‘Farzi Degrees’ have done much harm to the future of Biharis.
Opening new quality institutes like IIMs or IITs is not enough. What needs to change is the system and the mindset of the people of Bihar. For, in today’s competitive world mere degrees cannot help one get a job.
The need of the hour is quality education that will impart necessary skills required to meet the demands of the industry. The hardworking youth of Bihar wants nothing but the state’s support in this regard.
- Lack of industry and jobs in state
The primary reason behind the Bihari youth flocking to other states is the lack of opportunities and quality jobs at home. Therefore, providing quality education will not suffice. What Bihar needs today is manufacturing industries, IT parks, MNCs and factories. The educated youth after completing his or her education should be able to find quality jobs at home rather than being forced to migrate to other places. No one wants to leave their homes in search of greener pastures in foreign lands where there’s little respect.
Today, Bihar is not in a position to boast of any major industry and after the formation of Jharkhand the situation worsened as mineral rich places such as Bokaro, Koderma, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur etc. went to the latter. The industry of Bihar for e.g. sugar mills and fertilizer plants either were shut down or were incurring losses. Therefore, the Nitish Kumar government ought to pull out all the stops to attract investment in Bihar.
With Lalu Prasad Yadav once again a part of the government, it is feared by many that ‘Jungle Raj’ part 2 is in the offing. Days when kidnappings, extortion, corruption and red tapism were rampant must not be allowed to haunt the people of Bihar again. It is essential that such an environment of peace and security is created in the state sans which Bihar would find it tough to become an attractive investment destination. In those days, my Bihari friends tell me their parents would not even allow them to play in the parks, lest they should be abducted.
It is important that people should not be allowed to take the law into their hands and the state must exert its authority. ‘Dadagiri’ should have no place in any civilized society.
In Bihar, shockingly even for opening a bank account one has to pay a bribe. If you have money, clearing competitive examinations, securing admissions into schools and colleges is duck soup. It’s not that Bihar is the only state in India plagued by the scourge of corruption, but the level is definitely a cause of concern.
It is one the major reasons why people leave the state in disgust and frustration. This has to change. Nitish Kumar can learn a thing or two from his friend Arvind Kejriwal who openly supported him during Bihar polls. There should be zero tolerance towards corruption and the government and its Babus must lead from the front.
In order to attract investment, quality infrastructure is essential. Roads, highways, schools, metro and mono rails of high standards are required in urban Bihar. However, at the same time rural Bihar must not be left behind and deprived of the fruits of development. 24/7 electricity, clean water, and irrigation system should be made available by the state to help the people realize its full potential.
Needless to say, a tough road lies ahead for Nitish Kumar. But strong will and sincerity can help him overcome any obstacle considering the kind of overwhelming mandate he has got from the Biharis.
Lalu’s support will be crucial in this regard.
“The seven commitments (nischay) made by Nitish would require almost Rs 2.70 lakh crore. People have voted for him for 35% reservation for women in government job, monthly allowance of Rs 1,000 to the educated unemployed youths, students credit card up to Rs 4 lakh limit, free Wi-Fi in every college and university apart from free electricity connection in each household over the next five years,” a senior JD(U) legislator says, adding that Lalu’s support would be required on every step to make this happen.
It is hoped that Lalu would prove its critics wrong.
The symbol of Swastika is known to signify peace, prosperity, and good fortune in the religious cultures of Eurasia. In fact, this symbol is considered very significant in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. But, at the same time, it has become one of the most misunderstood religious symbols and has been globally banned in many countries.
The reason why the symbol of Swastika is banned in many countries is because of its association with Adolf Hitler's extreme political ideology, Nazism, as Swastika as its official symbol.
Austria, France, Latvia, Spain, Germany, and Russia are amongst the many countries that have banned the display and use of the Swastika.
Moreover, last week Victoria in Australia is preparing to become the first-ever state to ban the public display of the Swastika. This is a step towards an expansion of anti-vilification laws in the state.
Representation of the Swastika on the flag of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Movement.Photo by Flickr.
Now, we must know and understand what went wrong with this symbol, which is sacred and signifies all-good things.
For a very, very long time, in India, the Swastika is the first emblem that is worshipped or even drawn before any sacred and auspicious ceremonies as this symbol in Sanskrit represents 'well-being'. But, the Swastika lost all its credibility when it was wrongfully used by Adolf Hitler.
In fact, it is believed that if this symbol is worshipped properly, then it gives positive results. But if it is abused, then it gives negative results. So, when Adolf Hitler rotated the Swastika at 45 degrees, it slowly and steadily brought misery not only to Adolf Hitler and his theory of Nazism but also to all the people who were associated with him.
Therefore, in order to give the kind of respect and credibility which the Swastika deserves, World Interfaith Harmony Week which was held in New York in February this year, interfaith groups appealed to the United Nations to recognize and acknowledge the Swastika as an important and peaceful symbol. In fact, they also differentiated it from the Hakenkreuz or "Hooked Cross" of Adolf Hitler.
India celebrated a historic day on August 7, as 23-year-old Neeraj Chopra became the first Indian to win an Olympic gold medal in athletics. In the men's javelin throw event, he achieved his greatest triumph, throwing the javelin 87.58 meters on his second try.
Neeraj Chopra was born on December 24, 1997, in Khandra village in Haryana's Panipat district. He grew up in a Haryanavi family of farmers. He is the brother of two sisters. He graduated from Dayanand Anglo-Vedic College in Chandigarh and is now enrolled in Lovely Professional University in Jalandhar, Punjab, pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree. Chopra was bullied due to his obesity as a kid, which prompted his father to enroll him in a nearby gym. He then joined a gym in Panipat, where Jaiveer Choudhary, a javelin thrower, noticed his potential and coached him. When the 13-year-old Chopra finished training under Jaiveer for a year, he was enrolled at the Tau Devi Lal Sports Complex in Panchkula, where he began training under coach Naseem Ahmed.
In 2018, he broke the world record in the javelin throw and became India's first-ever gold medalist in the javelin throw. He is also a laureate of the Arjuna Award for 2018. | Wikimedia Commons
Chopra's first international medal came in 2014, as he took home a silver medal at the Youth Olympic Qualification Tournament in Bangkok. In 2015, he set a world record in the junior category of 81.04 meters in the 2015 All India Inter-University Athletics Meet.
Since emerging into the public eye with a historic gold medal at the junior world championships in 2016, he has maintained a high level of performance, setting an Under-20 world record of 86.48m, which still stands. Gold medals in both the 2018 Commonwealth Games and the 2018 Asian Games are among his other accomplishments, including a first-place in the 2017 Asian Championships. In 2018, he broke the world record in the javelin throw and became India's first-ever gold medalist in the javelin throw. He is also a laureate of the Arjuna Award for 2018.
Chopra has also had his share of bad events in life. In 2019, he underwent surgery on the elbow of his right throwing arm, which kept him out of the game for almost a year. However, he returned more robust than ever. In November 2019, he went to South Africa to train from Klaus Bartoneitz. He spent the following year in India training at the NIS Patiala because of the COVID-19 pandemic. He was allowed to go to France with his coach after weeks of trying to get a travel visa.
Neeraj Chopra made history in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics by becoming the first Indian to win a gold medal in athletics. Also, it is worth mentioning that after Abhinav Bindra, Chopra is only the second Indian to win an individual gold medal.
Keywords: Neeraj Chopra, Olympics, Tokyo2020, Gold medal, javelin, India, Haryana
The emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Victorian England brought with it many apprehensions and fears that translated into a new genre in literature: the gothic. Today, the idea of the gothic does not have to much with literature as much as it is associated with fashion.
The Victorians began to wear black more often during the Industrial Revolution to hide the stains of soot on their clothes. Many of the working class were employed in factories. They were newly introduced to technology, the idea of coal as fuel, and the working of machines to serve a certain purpose. This kind of work was hard and messy. Wearing light colours burdened the tired folk when the stubborn stains did not get washed away.
The steam engine was invented to make locomotion easier for the masses, but it brought fear to the people. They had led quiet and simple lives till now, and suddenly their world was infiltrated with loud noises and smoke. Dark places became synonymous with evil deeds and mysteries. It was from this time that horror gained a place in the imaginations of people and artists.
A man sporting gothic clothes and shock coloured hair Image source: wikimedia commons
The gothics of today are those who have held on to these practices. There is no need to fear smoke and noise anymore, but the goths wear black clothes all the time, paint their skin a pale shade, to contrast their clothes, and wear bright shades of red. The traditional gothics decorated themselves with jewellery bearing religious significances, as the belief in Dracula and vampires emerged in the Victorian period. Today, it is a trend to wear studded crosses, or crosses made of black metal either as neck chokers, or earrings.
Modern goths also wear bright monotones to show their patronage of a certain style or order of the goths. They can be seen in neon shades of green, pink, and yellow, often sporting piercings, and matching hair. Their tastes are metallic, and they have an uncanny love for tattoos.
Designers consistently include gothic tastes and styles in their clothing lines to create inclusivity for this subculture. Being gothic, or identifying with them is somewhat a concern even in today's society, and such people are often stigmatised to the extent that it is considered a mental illness associated with the dark arts. The phenomenon is mostly observed in teenagers, and often phases out when they reach adulthood, depending on their sphere of influence.
Keywords: Gothic, Fashion, Victorian, Black, Jewellery