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November 23, 2016: Plastic surgery involves correction of body abnormalities. These abnormalities can be caused by a health condition or an accident or can be a birth defect. These can be functional, aesthetic or both.

It has two branches, reconstructive plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive plastic surgery deals with the improvement of body functions whereas Cosmetic surgery deals with the improvement of aesthetic appearance.


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While both the branches deal with the improvement of the patient’s body, the research, training and outcomes are different. The cosmetic surgery focuses only on the appearance. It improves the aesthetic appeal, proportion and symmetry. It can be performed on any part of the body.

Plastic surgery is dedicated to the facial and body reconstruction. It corrects dysfunctional areas of the body which are affected due to burns, diseases or birth disorders.

According to a report, between 2009 and 2010, Americans spent more on cosmetic procedures than on food, housing, clothes and entertainment. There have been many reasons for this increase in spending on cosmetic surgery.

People believe that looking younger will help them stay competitive in their fields. They see these surgeries as an investment in their careers. So, they are not afraid to spend a fortune on getting a nose job. Also, availability of various financing options has allowed more people, who otherwise wouldn’t have been able to afford it, undergo these procedures.


Doctor’s scissors. Pixabay

Cosmetic industries are coming up with new marketing strategies. People can get deals on few procedures or attend a Botox party with friends.

Also, more people have started to accept cosmetic surgeries. In a survey, 69% of the people of age 18 – 24 years approved of cosmetic surgeries.

According to ASPS’s (American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery) procedural statistics of 2014, the number of men undergoing the cosmetic procedures is continuously on the rise.

“Male plastic surgery rates have significantly increased since 2000 and the notion that cosmetic procedures are just for women no longer exists,” said ASPS President Scot Glasberg, MD. “Men are seeking to regain a more youthful look, improve their self-image and feel better about their appearance. It is great that plastic surgeons have procedures to meet and often exceed their expectations.”

The top male based procedures are Pectoral implants and male breast reductions.

The medical advancements have increased the demand of the cosmetic surgeries. Now, the patients have a wider range of options. Patients are now able to work more closely with their surgeons to decide the appropriate procedure that gives optimal results.

Today, a great number of surgery procedures are carried out in doctors’ offices and surgical centres as opposed to procedures. People have started experimenting more. This has increased the risk of infectious and anaesthetic reactions, bleeding, salt and fluid imbalance, which are rare but fatal.

Furthermore, some practitioners perform procedures without adequate training just to augment their income. Practitioners need to complete 5 years of residency training and receive the certification from the American Board of Plastic Surgery.

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The death of Olivia Goldsmith, author of First Wives Club, has increased public awareness regarding the risks involved in cosmetic surgeries.

It is essential to comprehend the reason before getting the surgery so that you end up with what you have hoped for. After all, getting a cosmetic surgery is not similar to getting a facial wrap.

by Diksha Arya of NewsGram. Twitter: @diksha_arya53


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