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Captive Rhinos face metabolic disorders despite nutritious food

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Washington: Captive black rhinos in zoos are facing a bizarre situation. The food served to them is good but the rich diet may put them at high risk for two common health problems: inflammation and insulin resistance.

“We are providing good, nutritious, high quality food. We are just learning that providing high quality food in excess can cause problems,” said Pam Dennis, Clinical Assistant Professor of veterinary preventive medicine at the Ohio State University.

Black Rhinos are browsers that eat leaves, branches and parts of trees in the wild. Their zoo diet mainly consists of grass or hay, milled grains and fruits and vegetables.

“We now recognise that obesity in humans leads to increased inflammation and a whole cascade or problems ranging from heart disease to immune dysfunction. This is entering the vocabulary in zoo medicine, that obesity is much more than just a weight issue,” Dennis said.

Across the globe, there are only about 5,000 black rhinos – a drop from an estimated 100,000 in the 1960s.

The study appeared in General and Comparative Endocrinology.

(IANS)

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Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV): Health, Skin & Hair

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Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar. Wikimedia

Sep 27, 2017: Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) is widely used by people in myriad ways and purposes, notably because of the vitamins and mineral content. ACV contains ‘mother of vinegar,’ a complex structure of beneficial acids. Cider Vinegar is unrefined and unpasteurized due to the mother factor and has a variety of benefits that are lost when it is filtered and heated.

From the ancient times, ACV has proven to be the elixir of life, carrying benefits from health to skin and hair. ACV is also used in salad dressings, vinaigrettes, marinades, chutneys, and food preservatives.

How is Apple Cider Vinegar formed?

Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar. Wikimedia

Apple Cider Vinegar has been used as an ingredient in the home remedies from ages. ACV is made by crushing apples and squeezing out the juice. The juice is then fermented by adding bacteria and yeast, which converts the fruit sugar into alcohol. In the second stage of the fermentation process, the alcohol is converted into vinegar by the acetic acid-forming bacteria.

Health Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

Digestion Support

Apple cider vinegar improves digestion by increasing stomach acid. It also fights constipation since the cider vinegar incites digestive juices that help to break down food in the body. Pectin found in ACV helps to soothe intestinal fits. Mix one or two tablespoons of ACV in a glass of water and consume before a meal for best results. 

Lowers Cholesterol

A study published in the British Journal of Clinical Nutrition revealed that consuming one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in the morning lowers the cholesterol as it increases bile production and supports the liver.

Detox Body

Drinking ACV in warm water in the morning helps to flush out toxins from the body.

Weight Loss

Apple cider vinegar increases metabolism rate and supports weight loss because it contains acetic acid, which is responsible for improving metabolism.

Lowers Blood Pressure

Acetic acid present in ACV helps in reducing high blood pressure and triglyceride.

Urinary Tract Infection

Dr. Earl Mindell, Author of Amazing Apple Cider Vinegar, cited: Daily consumption of apple cider vinegar aids urinary tract in maintaining a slightly acidic environment. The acid represses the growth of UTI-causing bacteria. Mindell warns that one should refrain from consuming ACV after infection, mentioned Livestrong.

Kidney Stones

ACV enables to flush out stones naturally from the Kidney. The highly acidic nature of ACV dissolves the crystals that form into stones in the body. Mix two tablespoons of ACV in a glass of water and drink it twice a day for better results.

Skin Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

Prevents acne problems

Apple cider vinegar prevents acne problems by killing bacteria, removing excess dirt, oil, and makeup from the skin and dissolving dead skin cells.

Skin toner

ACV toner helps normalize your skin’s pH balance and ward off bacteria. It sheds dead skin cells so that the pores do not get clogged and your skin remains salubrious.

Soothes sunburn

ACV relieves stinging sensation caused by sunburns. Dilute ACV with water and dab a wet cloth onto the sunburn. It will give you instant relief. Do not apply ACV directly onto your face, as it might burn your face.

Fights allergy

Diluting Apple Cider in water and rubbing it over the rashes with a cotton ball helps in curing inflammation, reducing itching and healing the sensitivities.

Pedicure

The acetic acid in Apple cider vinegar works as an exfoliating agent. Put half a cup of ACV into 10 to 15 litres of water. Dip your feet and hands in this solution. You will notice dead cells coming off after the scrub.

Aftershave

ACV can also be used as an aftershave. It acts as an antiseptic to clean out any cuts and moisturizes the skin. It also closes the pores and soothes razor burn.

 Healthy skin

Apply mix of ACV and water on your face for best toning effect, bright and spotless, healthy and youthful skin. It minimises pore size, which is a giveaway of skin aging.

Hair Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar

Prevent split ends & breakage

ACV smoothens hair’s cuticle, which helps block split ends and breakage. Add ACV to your hair regimen by mixing it with filtered tap water. Rub it onto the split end and wash your hair after 30 minutes.

Stimulate hair growth

Massage ACV mixed with water gently over the scalp to stimulate blood circulation that also promotes hair growth.

Prevent hair loss

Hair breaks out easily because of deprivation of oil on the scalp. This happens when hair follicles are clogged, which leads to crusty flakes on the scalp formed by bacteria. Rinsing your scalp with ACV and water mixture can help you prevent causes of hair loss.

Lustrous and voluminous hair

The acetic acid in ACV removes residue from the product buildup and helps in maintaining shiny, lustrous locks.

Detangle hair

ACV is a fabulous natural detangler that is used as an alternative to conditioner. The acid in ACV helps to soften the hair cuticle allowing knots and tangles to slip out through brush.

Reduce frizzy hair

Frizzy hair is caused by lifted cuticles on the hair. Apple cider vinegar smoothes down the cuticles to give you frizz-free hair.

Eliminates Dandruff

ACV removes dandruff by eliminating the flaky skin on the scalp. Mix equal parts apple cider vinegar with water in a spray bottle. Let it sit for 15 minutes and rinse with mild shampoo.