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Cases of Glaucoma show a rising trend in India, can be caused by Smoking: Doctors

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A patient suffering from Glaucoma, VOA
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New Delhi, March 19, 2017: As cases of glaucoma show a rising trend in India, ophthalmologists blame smoking as one of the major reasons behind it.

Besides glaucoma, several other eye diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), can also be caused or aggravated due to smoking, but only 10-20 per cent people are aware of these facts, they said.

Stating that lifestyle matters a lot for eye-related diseases, the doctors said research papers have proved that smoking increases the risk of AMD and glaucoma.

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“Smoking is very much connected to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and dry eye syndrome,” Kamal B. Kapur, from Sharp Sight Group of Eye Hospitals, told IANS.

Kapur said that people who do not smoke, but become passive smokers, also are prone to develop AMD.

Glaucoma is a disease that damages eye’s optic nerve, while AMD causes loss in the centre of the field of vision. In dry macular degeneration, the centre of the retina deteriorates. With wet macular degeneration, leaky blood vessels grow under the retina.

AMD begins as a loss of central vision which makes it difficult to read and see fine details. Over time, vision loss increases significantly.

Mahipal Sachdev, Chairperson and Managing Director of city-based Centre for Sight, said: “Vision loss due to smoking does not have any symptoms like many other eye diseases, but a dilated examination can detect eye diseases in their early stages before vision loss occurs.”

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Some other types of eye-related problems caused by excessive smoking include cataract.

“People, who smoke in excess like 10 cigarettes a day, have up to three times the risk of cataract as non-smokers. Similarly, there is a strong nexus between glaucoma and smoking,” said Sachdev.

The doctors said that there is a special need for awareness among people about the strong link between smoking and vision loss.

“In the first place, smoking has to be brought down, which actually leads to the damage of not just lungs and throat but gradually, the eye nerves also get damaged,” said Samir Sud, a city-based ophthalmologist.

Talking about the dietary habits, he said that nutrients such as Omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataract due to smoking. (IANS)

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Does Chiropractic Care Result in Vision Loss? Check out Here

Other possible complications are disrupting the vitreous humour -- the clear, gel-like substance that fills the eye between the lens and the retina

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Can chiropractic care cause vision loss? Read the article to find it out. Pixabay

Do you seek chiropractic care for back pain relief? Beware, the alternative to medicine that treats problems with the musculoskeletal system could result in vision problems and bleeding inside the eye, a study claims.

The word chiropractic comes from Greek words “cheir” (hands) and “praxis” (practice). As the name suggests, it is a hands-on therapy.

Chiropractic manipulation is the application of pressure to a person’s spine or other parts of their body by a qualified chiropractic doctor, or chiropractor. This pressure allows a chiropractor to adjust and correct alignment.

The study, led by a team from the University of Michigan, focussed on a 59-year-old woman who experienced a “tadpole” shaped spot in her vision while driving home from a chiropractor visit, with her sight worsening the next day.

It’s the first reported case of chiropractic care leading to multiple preretinal hemorrhages, said researchers including Yannis Paulus, a retina specialist at the varsity.

The study, reported in the American Journal of Ophthalmology Case, noted that the energetic thrusts and rotations sometimes performed in high-velocity neck manipulation have been linked to damage to the blood vessels in the retina.

Chiropractic
Chiropractic care. (IANS)

It can also result in stress on the eye and lead to spotty vision as well as abnormal bleeding inside the eye, which may also cause vision loss.

In this case, the high-velocity technique may have induced a posterior vitreous detachment, or PVD, which occurs when the vitreous humour pulls away from the retina.

Other possible complications are disrupting the vitreous humour — the clear, gel-like substance that fills the eye between the lens and the retina.

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High-velocity neck manipulation has been previously associated with a certain type of stroke or vertebral artery dissection, which led the American Heart Association to issue a warning statement in 2014.

The short, rapid movements of neck manipulation may cause a small tear in the artery walls in the neck. The artery wall injury can result in a stroke if a blood clot forms at the site and later breaks free to block a blood vessel in the brain. (IANS)