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By Anjali Gursahaney
Education system in India started with ‘Gurukul’ system. A student who wishes to study goes to the teacher’s home to study or as shown in different movies or pictures they used to study under a tree. There used to be separate Gurukul lodgements for both girls and boys. Girls received their education from only women–sages called Rishikas and Brahmavadinis , and boys got their education from Rishi. Education started before 5000 BCE. We can also say it started in the Vedic period.
If compared with contemporary era’s education, education system then was a lot better. Teachers were a lot more respected; students were eager to learn. Today, Wikipedia tells us everything. Thanks to technology, we learn more from Internet than teachers. But even today, education of India is one of the best in the world and maybe that’s the reason Indians are very successful in different parts of world.
Satyam Shivam Sundaram (Truth is Shiv and Shiv is beautiful).With this, I don’t mean the quote but the three men who made India proud are Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft; Shiv Nadar, founder and Chairman of HCL; and Sundar Pichai who is CEO of Google.
In India, they still don’t get amply supported. There are people who are very experienced and know their work but there is so much unemployment that they end up doing some small business in their life. Even for a teacher’s job, there are like 1,000entries for just 1 post. What about the remaining 999 aspirants?
Sometimes people say half of America’s economy is because of Indians. But then India has a lot more Indians than America, so why this gap? We need resources to learn, to prosper and to carve a niche in this changing world. But with such a large population, education system takes a hit and leads to unemployment for countless.
There is bhalla papdiwala who visits my place daily in a hope to sell his balla papdi. My dad told me that he did his MBA but just because he couldn’t get a good job, he does this to make both ends meet. Shocking, but true!
He has done MBA and still he is not working in an air conditioned office but he is on Delhi’s hot streets instead.
The irony is that the undeserving become ministers while those who deserve bite the bullet and end up reaching nowhere. There are so many deserving candidates who can actually make it worthwhile unlike the failed ministers who rant and rarely perform. In various parts of India, the scene is sans schools; many others have school with no teachers. On one side, we crib about unemployment and on the other there are places which don’t give way to adequate education. We have creativity and intelligence but we lack resources.
How ironical is it but truly it is an Incredible India after all!
The Israeli Antiquities Authority said Tuesday that a diver swimming in the Mediterranean Sea has recovered a large sword that experts believe to be about 900 years old, dating back to the Crusades.
The antiquities authority's Director of Marine Archaeology, Kobi Sharvit, said the amateur diver was swimming about 150 meters offshore near the Israeli port of Haifa a few days ago when he spotted the sword lying on the ocean floor, four to five meters below the surface.
Sharvit said the diver recovered the sword and immediately took it to the antiquities authority. Sharvit said the sword -- encrusted with marine organisms when discovered –is the most complete and well preserved he has seen in 31 years. He described the sword as large, heavy and made of iron.
He added that the one-meter-long blade, hilt and handle were distinctive and highly noticeable after undercurrents apparently shifted sands that had concealed it.
Sharvit said because the sword was found in a cove, not far from the Crusader castle of Atlit on the northern coast of Israel, it is being assumed the sword belonged to a solder in the Crusades.
The Crusades were a series of medieval European Christian-led military expeditions to recover the Holy Land from the Muslims in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries.
Sharvit said that from an historical perspective, the handle of the sword may be the most important part of the weapon as that is where decorations, and perhaps, even names or initials are often found that will help identify the sword.
He said once it cleaned, examined, and restored, the antiquities authority will put the sword on display. (VOA/RN)
Keywords: Crusader sword, Israel, Antiquity, Castle of Atlit
Facebook must pay a $4.75 million fine and up to $9.5 million in back pay to eligible victims who say the company discriminated against U.S. workers in favor of foreign ones, the Justice Department announced Tuesday.
The discrimination took place from at least January 1, 2018, until at least September 18, 2019.
The Justice Department said Facebook "routinely refused" to recruit or consider U.S. workers, including U.S. citizens and nationals, asylees, refugees and lawful permanent residents, in favor of temporary visa holders. Facebook also helped the visa holders get their green cards, which allowed them to work permanently
In a separate settlement, the company also agreed to train its employees in anti-discrimination rules and conduct wider searches to fill jobs.
The fines and back pay are the largest civil awards ever given by the DOJ's civil rights division in its 35-year history.
"Facebook is not above the law and must comply with our nation's civil rights laws," Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke told reporters in a telephone conference.
"While we strongly believe we met the federal government's standards in our permanent labor certification [PERM] practices, we've reached agreements to end the ongoing litigation and move forward with our PERM program, which is an important part of our overall immigration program," a Facebook spokesperson said in a statement. "These resolutions will enable us to continue our focus on hiring the best builders from both the U.S. and around the world and supporting our internal community of highly skilled visa holders who are seeking permanent residence." (VOA/RN)
Keywords: Facebook, Employment, Justice Dept., Recruitment
Tomatoes are a staple in the Indian diet, be it a vegetarian or a non-vegetarian dish. It has to be a part of each meal in some form. As puree, paste, flavour, or diced into the dal. This tangy, sweet, and juicy ingredient was not always Indian. In fact, it did not even grow in India until the British sanctioned it. It is a product of colonization and has come a long way to become part of our everyday meals.
Originally, the tomato was considered poison. Its actual native is debatable. Some say it is European while others argue that is came from indigenous parts of Spain and Portugal. Either way, it is a plant species that is associated with the legendary Nightshade. It looks very similar to this poisonous plant that tomatoes were not even harvested for a long time, for fear of picking Nightshade instead. It was believed that Nightshade caused the blood to turn to acid and that tomatoes had the same property. Later research proved that the plant itself may be poisonous but the fruit is not.
The fruit if the woody nightshade plant Image source: Wikimedia Commons
Tomato is considered a fruit instead of a vegetable because it is cooked. But this theory has an interesting tale behind it. in the United States, in 1887, a tax was levied on the transport of vegetables, but not on fruits. By then, tomatoes had become a huge part of the American diet and traders could not afford to pay the ten percent duty. So, they began to call the large loads they transported fruits, just to avoid the tax due. In time, this is how the tomato came to be regarded. Some scientists went even further and stated that it is a berry. Botanists claim that since it is a part that grows from the flower's ovary and contains seeds, it is a fruit and not a vegetable. But this is a debate that will never end.
Incorporating tomatoes into the Indian diet must have happened so long ago that people do not remember a time without tomatoes, considering how it is the fundamental ingredient of most cuisines. The tomato has a name in every language as well, so the trading between nations, the voyages that brought them to India, and the decoding of the fruit-vegetable must have taken place far earlier than our ancestors remember. Or, perhaps we liked it so much that we decided to use it everywhere and make it our own. Nonetheless, it has been a delightful addition.
Keywords: Tomato, Fruit, Vegetable, Nightshade, Voyage, Staple