Feb 27, 2017: There are no second thoughts to it that we live in a patriarchal society, a society where women are condemned, critically abused, and controlled by men. While men do not take any responsibility of a woman next to her, it becomes requisite for a woman to take a firm stance for herself. Crimes occur every second of the minute and no woman is considered safe in India. However, there have been some laws that do away with women harassment. But laws merely do not suffice unless there is an awareness about it. And so to help women of the country face up to challenges posed by the society, we make an effort to help you retain some of the paramount laws that every woman should know.
Under section 164 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the cops will have to give the privacy to the victim without exposing her in front of the public. A woman who has been sexually assaulted has a right to record her statement in private without being overheard by anyone else. She can also record her statement with a lady constable or a police officer in personal. Privacy establishes a sense of freedom to be oneself without a fear of getting judged and gain access to one's body without feeling uncovered.
2. Right to Equality
Under Article 15(1), the state shall not discriminate against any citizen of India on the ground of sex. In addition to it, there shouldn't be any discrimination on the grounds of sex when it comes to salary as according to the provisions of Equal Remuneration Act.
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3. Right against Dowry
Dowry prohibition act of 1961 is one of the most talked about rights of a woman. And is still a prevalent issue our society is grappling with. As per this right, the bride can file a case against her in-laws for coercing her to give dowry.
4. Right against Sexual Harassment at workplace
The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act (2013) provides protection to women from sexual harassment at all workplaces. As per this act, any organization that has over 10 employees must have a sexual harassment committee. This act vividly specifies that criticizing, insulting, rebuking or condemning a female employee in front of other employees also acclaim to sexual harassment.
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5. Right against indecent Representation of Women
This Act forbids indecent representation of women through any print media or a visual media.
6. Right against Domestic Violence
A domestic abuse could be anything from tormenting mentally to bruising physically. The right gives protection against Domestic abuse of any kind to a married woman, women in live-in relationships and a woman living in joint family.
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7. Right to discontinue pregnancy
The right allows women to terminate pregnancy after consulting with medical practitioners on moral grounds under Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act of 1994
8. Right to Divorce
The Indian Divorce Act of 1969 allows the cessation of marriage through mutual consent of both the partners. Courts are established to file, hear, and dispose of such cases.
9. Right to virtual complaints
As stated by this right a woman has the prerogative of lodging a complaint via email or registered post. A woman can send a verbal complaint through an email or post addressed to Commissioner of Police, if for some unavoidable circumstance she could not go to the police station. The police can then come over to the residence of the victim to take her statement.
10. Right to no arrest
A woman cannot be arrested after sunset and before sunrise. There have been many cases of women being harassed by the police in dark time hours and thus this exercise is avoided now. However, in matters of grave concern, a letter signed by the magistrate is required explaining the urgency of the arrest.
Obtain power and by all means, power is a law of man – make it yours.
-prepared by Naina Mishra. Twitter-@Nainamishr94