By- Khushi Bisht
Tomatoes are available in a wide variety of tastes, shapes, and sizes. They are also readily categorized depending on their many types and uses. When discussing the many varieties of tomatoes, they are classified according to their shape and size. In this post, you'll learn about the various varieties of tomatoes, as well as particular examples for each.
Tomatoes are divided into two groups: heirlooms and hybrids.
A hybrid tomato is one that has been produced by cross-pollinating two distinct tomato types. This implies that the child plant will inherit traits from both the parent plants. Hybrid tomatoes are those that have been developed and bred for certain qualities and are available year-round at the local supermarket. These tomatoes are known for being robust, disease-resistant, and yield fruit of uniform size and shape. The ability to resist disease is undoubtedly the most significant advantage.
Cherry, Grape, and Better boy are among notable hybrid tomato cultivars:
Cherry Tomatoes- Cherry tomatoes are small, spherical, and succulent to the point of popping when you bite into them. They're usually approximately the size of a cherry, which is presumably how they earned their name. Vitamins A and C, in particular, are abundant in cherry tomatoes. They are smaller in size and more sweeter in taste than regular tomatoes. These are famous types of tomatoes that are used in a range of cuisines all around the world.
Grape Tomatoes- Grape tomatoes are smaller than cherry tomatoes, roughly half the size, which makes them easy to use in salads and nibble on. Grape tomatoes are formed like grapes, however, must develop to be longer and oval in shape. Harvesting these tomatoes may be time-consuming since they grow in bunches on a tiny vine. The grape tomato is classified as a hybrid tomato, which implies that the seeds generated straight from the fruit cannot be utilized to propagate new plants.
Better Boy- Better Boy is a famous mid-season hybrid tomato variety. The plants are adaptable to a wide range of environments and consistently yield fruit with a typical tomato flavor. Both verticillium and fusarium wilt (two of the most common tomato wilt diseases) resistance exist in these tomatoes, which is one of the reasons for their widespread appeal. This tomato variety may reach a height of 5 to 8 feet and their thick foliage is yet another advantage of cultivating them. The fragile fruit is protected from sunscald by the thick foliage.
Heirlooms are plants that have been cultivated for a minimum of five decades without being crossbred. They are open-pollinated and have several characteristics that set them apart from their hybrid cousins. They are non-hybrids, and their seeds are preserved and handed on without being cross-pollinated by other varieties. Heirloom tomatoes, as opposed to the normal roundish, red tomatoes seen in stores, come in a range of forms and hues. Heirloom tomatoes offer a richer, sweeter flavor than the store-bought variety.
Yellow pear heirloom cherry, Cherokee purple, and Sungold cherry are some famous and flavorful heirloom tomato cultivars:
Yellow Pear Heirloom Cherry Tomatoes- Yellow-colored, pear-shaped tomatoes have been famous since the late 1800s. This tomato type is noted for bearing fruit in clusters throughout the summertime. If you want to produce something that can be eaten as a light snack, these are an excellent choice. These vines, which may reach heights of 8 feet or more, will require appropriate support and a firm base. This sweet-tasting famous market tomato has a low acid content and is disease resistant.
Cherokee Purple Tomatoes- Cherokee Purple tomato plants are heirloom varieties, meaning they have been passed down through the decades These tomatoes originated in Tennessee and are said to have been handed down from the Cherokee people (Native Americans). In taste trials, this tomato cultivar frequently comes out on top. The flesh has a rich red inside and a purple-pinkish exterior, with a sweet and tangy flavor.
Yellow-colored, pear-shaped tomatoes have been famous since the late 1800s.Wikimedia Commons
Sungold Cherry- The sun gold cherry tomato is a sweet-tart tomato that is popular among farmers and gardeners. The hue of the mature fruit is a lovely golden orange. These tomatoes make a delicious garden snack and are a stunning addition to salads. Sungold Cherry tomatoes are resistant or tolerable to a variety of tomato diseases.