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Google on Monday celebrated the 148th birth anniversary of legendary film-maker Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, or Dadasaheb Phalke — who first uttered ‘Lights, Camera, Action… in 1912 — and created history when India’s first feature film, “Raja Harishchandra”, was released on May 3, 1913,
Designed by guest artist Aleesha Nandhra, the Doodle depicts a young, ‘hands-on’ Phalke in the centre examining the quality of a black-and-white negative (now almost defunct as most films are shot digitally) before editing, shooting with a camera, barking instructions through a megaphone, directing an actor in full costume for a scene and — in the absence of art directors in those cradling days of Indian cinema — personally guiding an artist how to make a prop for a shot.
“Today’s Doodle shows a young Dadasaheb in action as he went about directing the first few gems in the history of Indian cinema,” Google said in its tribute post.
“The son of a scholar, Phalke developed a keen interest in the arts and studies at various points, photography, lithography, architecture, engineering and even magic,” Goodle said.
However, despite being credited with bringing cinema to India, Phalke’s descendents rue that a posthumous Bharat Ratna eludes both Dadasaheb and his wife Saraswati, India’s first film technician.
Born on April 30, 1870 at the temple town of Tryambakeshwar in Nashik, Phalke graduated from Bombay’s Sir J. J. School of Arts in 1890, then went to M.S. University, Baroda for higher studies in engineering, drawing, painting, sculpture and photography.
Initially, he worked as a photographer in Godhra, but abandoned it after a bubonic plague which claimed his wife and son. He then became a magician, a draftsman with Archaeological Survey of India, later as printer specialising in advanced lithography and oleography, set up his own printing press and traveled to Germany for advanced knowledge in the field.
Following a dispute with his printing partners, Phalke left the business and once watched the film, ‘The Life of Christ’ (1910) – – which awakened the film-maker in his soul and he traveled to London to learn filmmaking under Cecil Hepworth.
He resolved to bring cinema to India and after a series of struggles, Phalke finally unveiled the first Indian feature film in Marathi, ‘Raja Harishchandra’ in May 3, 1913, a black-and-white silent film, which hit the nation’s collective conscience.
Emboldened by the response to his venture, Phalke set up his own film company, Hindustan Films, and over the next nearly 25 years, went on to make another 95 films and 27 short films.
During the early days of struggle as a filmmaker, his (second) wife Saraswati stood behind him like a rock, said one of his grandsons, Chandrashekhar Pusalkar.
“Saraswati managed her family of nine children, held white bedsheets for hours in the blazing sun as a light reflector, mixed film developing chemicals, perforated the raw film sheets at night in the light of a candle, cooked food for the entire film unit comprising 60-70 people and generally was his Woman Friday,” Pusalkar said.
But after a particularly bad patch in the 1930s, Phalke wrote to his son for help, saying he had “no money even to buy poison”, said another grandson Kiran Phalke.
Over the years, Phalke made well-known silent, B&W films like ‘Mohini Bhasmasur’ (1913), ‘Satyavan Savitri’ (1914), ‘Lanka Dahan’ (1917), ‘Shri Krishna Janma’ (1918), ‘Kaliya Mardan’ (1919), ‘Buddhadev’ (1923), ‘Setu Bandhan’ (1932) and ‘Gangavataran’ (1937), among others.
However, the era of silent films was setting with talkies becoming the norm, starting with the historic, ‘Alam Ara’ (March 14, 1931), and Phalke quietly withdrew from the arc lights as the cacophony of sound and music reverberated the once-silent cinema halls.
Today, the country’s topmost film industry award is named after him, but the country’s top award has not been conferred on him, say his family, which has been pursuing the matter since over a decade.
Rendered virtually homeless by late-1930s, Phalke was honoured with a purse of a princely sum of Rs 5,000 by the legendary V. Shantaram to mark the Silver Jubilee of Indian Cinema. At the function, Phalke sat quietly in a far corner and remained unnoticed till Shantaram asked him to be escorted to the stage.
Belying his family’s fears, he spent the money to make his own home in Nashik which sheltered him till his death on Feb. 16, 1944, aged 73. (BollywoodCountry)
Amit Rai Jain, a Baghpat-based businessman, has found 16 coins made of silver and copper which have a bull and a horseman engraved on them.
He found the coins from a mound, known locally as the 'Katha mound' in Khekhra, close to the Delhi-Saharanpur highway, on Sunday.
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Jain told reporters that some of the coins are from the late 12th century AD, which is the era of Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan.
"I keep frequenting the area, which is rich in archaeological finds. This time, it revealed something considered fascinating in Indian numismatics. The coins which I found belong to a series of Rajput rulers who remained dominant in the region comprising Rajasthan, Haryana, and the western Gangetic plains from the eighth century to 12th century AD," he said.
Jain, is a member of the Culture and History Association, an organisation comprising historians from western Uttar Pradesh.
K.K. Sharma, head of the department of history, Multanimal Modi College, Modinagar, confirmed the antiquity of the coins.
Picture of some ancient coinsUnsplash
"This is an interesting find as the area remained with the Rajput kings for a couple of centuries. Horse and bull inscriptions on coins were quite common in those days. Horses used to be the primary vehicle of soldiers during battles and their depiction on coins is not a surprise. In fact, close to two dozen rulers between the seventh and 17th centuries used horses in some form or the other on their coins," he said.
Baghpat is well-known for the discovery of interesting historical artifacts, the most sensational being three chariots unearthed during the Archaeological Survey of India excavation held in Sinauli in June 2018, which marked the 'first-ever' physical evidence of Bronze Age chariots in India.
In 2006, Sinauli had revealed Harappan-era burial grounds where several discoveries were made such as that of painted grey ware pottery, skeletons, bronze swords, and copper vessels.
Keywords : ancient, coins, silver, copper, archaeological, kings, discovery, historical, artifacts, Uttar Pradesh, India, Rajput.
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With an aim to examine the wide-ranging narratives and the very definitions of the art of sculpture, Palette Art Gallery's forthcoming exhibition, 18 Dimensions - is a show dedicated to sculptures underlining the important works by 18 contemporary artists, who have made a significant impact on the Indian and Global art landscape.
Bringing a seductive edge to the visual arts, an element of pleasure to one's life and working environment, the exhibit is an effort to showcase a broad scope of contemporary sculpture from the abstract and the minimal to the popular, making socio-political commentary that is deeply contemplative and thought-provoking.
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The show reflects on a large number of materials and methods from casting to the modes of assemblage as well as minimalism, conceptualism making visible the process of making in most of the works.
Also Read : What Remains, art exhibition at Kala Ghoda
Featuring over 18 artists, the intention is to present a range and variety of sculptural expressions and encourage viewer participation and physical engagement with artworks once again, as the city opens up to mobility from the studios of Arunkumar HG, Ashiesh Shah, Gigi Scaria, G. R. Iranna, L. N. Tallur, Narayan Biswas, Mrinalini Mukherjee, Manjunath Kamath, Pooja Iranna, Himmat Shah, Jagannath Panda, Rajesh Ram, Riyas Komu, Sangam Vankhade, Sumedh R, Subodh Gupta, Sudarshan Shetty, Valay Shende, Vibha Galhotra and Vipul Kumar, the exhibition studies their involvement with the influences probing the limits and possibilities inherent in a sculpture's inescapable three-dimensional physicality.
One of the highlights of the show includes a selection of the rare hemp works by artist Mrinalini Mukherjee. Known for her distinctly contemporary style and use of dyed and woven hemp fibre, she worked with an unconventional material in the world of sculpting. Her four-decade-long career was an exemplar of a practice dedicated to formulating a language that was a mix of abstraction and figuration.
Keywords : art gallery, sculpture, exhibition, Palette Art Gallery, Bikaner House, New Delhi, contemporary, abstract, materials, conceptualism.
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By Dr Anil Batra
The winter comes with its own set of hassles. New moms have to be careful because they have to take care of themselves and their babies. It becomes imperative to protect babies from the harsh season.
The immune system of newborn babies is developing, which makes them susceptible to respiratory infections. But, you can take preventive measures to keep your child warm and safe. Newborn babies need extra care until their immune system becomes stronger to protect their bodies from the harmful effects of viruses and bacteria that usually become more active in the winter season. A drop in the temperature can aggravate different processes in the body, therefore, moms need to take extra care of newborn babies during winters.
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New moms can follow the given tips to take care of their little ones and protect them from the harmful effects of harsh winds blowing outside.
Keep the temperature warm in the baby's room
Use a portable heater in the baby's room to keep the temperature warm. The air becomes dry due to the excessive use of a heater. Therefore, keeping a humidifier to balance the moisture levels.
Also Read : A newborn baby clothing guide
The baby's skin is very sensitive and the harsh, dry, and cold air can make the skin dry. Therefore, apply a good moisturizer to keep it soft and smooth. Choose a moisturizer made of milk cream and butter, especially for children. This will keep the skin of your baby soft.
Massage is important to keep your baby's skin soft and healthy. Massage helps to improve the blood circulation in the body that helps in boosting strength. Use a natural oil to massage the body of your child. Make sure the room is warm where you massage the baby.
Avoid using heavy blankets
You can comfort your baby by laying a light blanket to keep your baby warm. Avoid using a heavy blanket to cover your baby during winters because your baby would not be able to move his arms and legs while sleeping. In this process, your baby may pull it up on its face and this can cause respiratory distress. Thus, use a light blanket and keep the room temperature optimum.
Choose comfortable dressing for your baby. Unsplash
Dress your baby comfortably
Choose comfortable dressing for your baby. Avoid wrapping your baby in thick sweaters, gloves, and socks. This will restrict its movement and he/she will become irritable. Choose clothes depending on the room temperature. The clothes should cover his/her baby but should not restrict movement. You can use light gloves and socks to cover your hands and feet to keep your baby warm at night.
Breastfeeding is the most important activity that can keep your baby healthy. Breast milk consists of required nutrients and antibodies that will enhance the immune system of your baby and will protect him/her against diseases. During breastfeeding your baby will feel warm and cosy that will also give him comfort.
Maintain proper hygiene
Mothers should be careful when handling newborn babies in winters. You will be the first point of contact for your baby. Therefore, make sure you keep yourself clean and healthy. Wash your hands before handling your baby. Germs can easily enter your baby's body through your dirty hands. Therefore, make sure you wash your hands or sanitize them before attending to your baby. Also, ask visitors to wash their hands.
Take care outdoors
If you want to take your child outdoors make sure it is not freezing temperature. Take your child out for fresh air only if the temperature is not too cold and remember to cover your baby properly before taking them out. Taking your baby out will help to give fresh air and will improve their health.
Common issues that may arise in newborn babies during winters
Winter brings flu and other viruses that can easily spread and affect anyone. Common issues that may arise in newborn babies during winters include the following:
Apply a good moisturizer to keep the baby's skin soft and smooth. Unsplash
Parents can take care of their newborn babies from various diseases that may affect them in the winters in the following ways:
If your baby suffers during the winter season, you should consult a pediatrician.
You can give a homemade solution if your baby suffers from a cold. Check with the doctor and you can only give a saline solution or nasal drops.
Keep your baby well hydrated. Keep breastfeeding your baby and also give water if necessary.
Cuddle your baby lovingly and give him warmth along with other precautions.
In the first winter, you can take preventive measures to take care of your little ones and keep them safe. Maintain proper hygiene and keep your house warm. Avoid visitors if your child is not feeling well.
How often to give a bath to your baby in winter?
It is not necessary to give a bath to your baby every day. You can bathe your baby after 2-3 days in winter. You can sponge bathe your newborn every other day in winter.
Check the temperature of the room before giving a bath to your baby. The room temperature should be warm and comfortable for your baby.
Check the temperature of the water. Make sure the water is not too hot or cold. The temperature of the water should be right for the body of your baby. Check the temperature by touching the water with your elbow or wrist.
Use mild soap and shampoo to bathe your baby in winter. Also, apply oil and moisturizer to the skin to keep it soft and prevent skin allergies.
Keywords : winter care, babies, immunity, mothers, temperature, breastfeeding, hygiene, influenza, winter, disease, paediatrician, soft.
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