Saturday, October 31, 2020
Home Entertainment Google Celebrates Dadasaheb Phalke's Birthday

Google Celebrates Dadasaheb Phalke’s Birthday

"Today's Doodle shows a young Dadasaheb in action as he went about directing the first few gems in the history of Indian cinema," Google said in its tribute post.

Google on Monday celebrated the 148th birth anniversary of legendary film-maker Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, or Dadasaheb Phalke — who first uttered ‘Lights, Camera, Action… in 1912 — and created history when India’s first feature film, “Raja Harishchandra”, was released on May 3, 1913,

Designed by guest artist Aleesha Nandhra, the Doodle depicts a young, ‘hands-on’ Phalke in the centre examining the quality of a black-and-white negative (now almost defunct as most films are shot digitally) before editing, shooting with a camera, barking instructions through a megaphone, directing an actor in full costume for a scene and — in the absence of art directors in those cradling days of Indian cinema — personally guiding an artist how to make a prop for a shot.

“Today’s Doodle shows a young Dadasaheb in action as he went about directing the first few gems in the history of Indian cinema,” Google said in its tribute post.

“The son of a scholar, Phalke developed a keen interest in the arts and studies at various points, photography, lithography, architecture, engineering and even magic,” Goodle said.

However, despite being credited with bringing cinema to India, Phalke’s descendents rue that a posthumous Bharat Ratna eludes both Dadasaheb and his wife Saraswati, India’s first film technician.

But after a particularly bad patch in the 1930s, Phalke wrote to his son for help, saying he had "no money even to buy poison", said another grandson Kiran Phalke.
Dadasaheb Phalke Doodle, IANS

Born on April 30, 1870 at the temple town of Tryambakeshwar in Nashik, Phalke graduated from Bombay’s Sir J. J. School of Arts in 1890, then went to M.S. University, Baroda for higher studies in engineering, drawing, painting, sculpture and photography.

Initially, he worked as a photographer in Godhra, but abandoned it after a bubonic plague which claimed his wife and son. He then became a magician, a draftsman with Archaeological Survey of India, later as printer specialising in advanced lithography and oleography, set up his own printing press and traveled to Germany for advanced knowledge in the field.

Following a dispute with his printing partners, Phalke left the business and once watched the film, ‘The Life of Christ’ (1910) – – which awakened the film-maker in his soul and he traveled to London to learn filmmaking under Cecil Hepworth.

He resolved to bring cinema to India and after a series of struggles, Phalke finally unveiled the first Indian feature film in Marathi, ‘Raja Harishchandra’ in May 3, 1913, a black-and-white silent film, which hit the nation’s collective conscience.

Emboldened by the response to his venture, Phalke set up his own film company, Hindustan Films, and over the next nearly 25 years, went on to make another 95 films and 27 short films.

Also Read: Shooting of Genelia-Riteish’s Most Anticipated Marathi Film Mauli Begins

During the early days of struggle as a filmmaker, his (second) wife Saraswati stood behind him like a rock, said one of his grandsons, Chandrashekhar Pusalkar.

“Saraswati managed her family of nine children, held white bedsheets for hours in the blazing sun as a light reflector, mixed film developing chemicals, perforated the raw film sheets at night in the light of a candle, cooked food for the entire film unit comprising 60-70 people and generally was his Woman Friday,” Pusalkar said.

But after a particularly bad patch in the 1930s, Phalke wrote to his son for help, saying he had “no money even to buy poison”, said another grandson Kiran Phalke.

Over the years, Phalke made well-known silent, B&W films like ‘Mohini Bhasmasur’ (1913), ‘Satyavan Savitri’ (1914), ‘Lanka Dahan’ (1917), ‘Shri Krishna Janma’ (1918), ‘Kaliya Mardan’ (1919), ‘Buddhadev’ (1923), ‘Setu Bandhan’ (1932) and ‘Gangavataran’ (1937), among others.

However, the era of silent films was setting with talkies becoming the norm, starting with the historic, ‘Alam Ara’ (March 14, 1931), and Phalke quietly withdrew from the arc lights as the cacophony of sound and music reverberated the once-silent cinema halls.

Today, the country’s topmost film industry award is named after him, but the country’s top award has not been conferred on him, say his family, which has been pursuing the matter since over a decade.

Rendered virtually homeless by late-1930s, Phalke was honoured with a purse of a princely sum of Rs 5,000 by the legendary V. Shantaram to mark the Silver Jubilee of Indian Cinema. At the function, Phalke sat quietly in a far corner and remained unnoticed till Shantaram asked him to be escorted to the stage.

Belying his family’s fears, he spent the money to make his own home in Nashik which sheltered him till his death on Feb. 16, 1944, aged 73. (BollywoodCountry)

 

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,779FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Menstrual Dysfunction Prevalent in Young Athletes

Researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have found that menstrual dysfunction is more prevalent in young athletes than among non-athletes of a similar age. The study,...

Spinning Keeps You Energized and Your Mind Focused

One of the most popular cardio work-outs in North America, Latin America, Europe, and other parts of Asia, and a current global phenomenon, rhythm-based...

Change in Indian Healthcare Industry is Need of the Hour

With all the chaos created due to the pandemic, a change in the Indian healthcare industry is the need of the hour, feels Anita...

Food Habits to Follow if You Have Arthritis

Arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects joint and bone pain. It could be a problem or a matter of concern, If not taken...

New Mask Aiming to Make Wearer Less Infectious

People wear face masks to protect others -- not merely to protect themselves. With this in mind, researchers have developed a new concept for...

Cognitive Disorders Increase Risks of Developing Severe COVID

Researchers have claimed that dementia and other cognitive disorders now appear to be the risk factors for developing severe COVID-19. The findings, published in the...

Localized Content Driving New Customers in Amazon Prime Video

Riding on localized content being churned out in countries like India, the number of Prime members who stream Prime Video grew by more than...

Cheerful People Likely to Experience Less Memory Decline

People who feel enthusiastic and cheerful -- what psychologists call "positive affect" -- are less likely to experience memory decline as they age, say...

Recent Comments