Sunday January 19, 2020

Researchers Discover Extremely Harmful Levels of Toxins Found in Enamelled Decoration of Beer and Wine Bottles

For the current research, bottles of beer, wine and spirits were purchased from local and national retail outlets, with the sizes ranging from 50 ml to 750 ml

0
//
beer , toxins
Chromium was detected in all green and UVAG bottles, but was only in 40 per cent of brown glass and not present in clear glass. Pixabay

Researchers have discovered extremely harmful levels of toxic carcinogenic substances such as lead, cadmium and chromium in the enamelled decoration of beer, wine and spirits bottles.

The team at the University of Plymouth analysed both the glass and enamelled decorations on a variety of clear and coloured alcohol bottles readily available in shops and supermarkets.

The enamels were of greater concern, with cadmium concentrations of up to 20,000 parts per million in the decorated regions on a range of spirits, beer and wine bottles and lead concentrations up to 80,000 ppm in the decor of various wine bottles. The limit for lead in consumer paints is 90ppm.

beer, wine, toxins
“This poses obvious challenges for the glass industry and for glass recycling and is perhaps something that needs to be factored into future legislation covering this area,” said Turner. Pixabay

“It has always been a surprise to see such high levels of toxic elements in the products we use on a daily basis. This is just another example of that, and further evidence of harmful elements being unnecessarily used where there are alternatives available,” said Andrew Turner, Associate Professor (Reader) in Aquatic Geochemistry and Pollution Science.

“The added potential for these substances to leach into other items during the waste and recycling process is an obvious and additional cause for concern,” he added in a paper published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology.

The study also showed the elements had the potential to leach from the enamelled glass fragments and when subjected to a standard test that simulates rainfall in a landfill site. For the current research, bottles of beer, wine and spirits were purchased from local and national retail outlets, with the sizes ranging from 50 ml to 750 ml.

beer, wine, toxins
The team at the University of Plymouth analysed both the glass and enamelled decorations on a variety of clear and coloured alcohol bottles readily available in shops and supermarkets. Pixabay

Out of the glass from 89 bottles, 76 were positives for low levels of lead and 55 positive for cadmium. Chromium was detected in all green and UVAG bottles, but was only in 40 per cent of brown glass and not present in clear glass.

ALSO READ: People Who Take Cholesterol-Lowering Statins are at Higher Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes

Meanwhile, the enamels of 12 products out of 24 enamelled products tested were based wholly or partly on compounds of either or both lead and cadmium.

“When we contacted suppliers, many of them said the bottles they use are imported or manufactured in a different country than that producing the beverage. “This poses obvious challenges for the glass industry and for glass recycling and is perhaps something that needs to be factored into future legislation covering this area,” said Turner.

Next Story

Vineyards in Oregon

Oregon has increasingly received international acclaim fir vineyards and these days the Willamette Valley is the center of a wine region

0
Oregon
Oregon vineyards in Oregon along with its own Estate Vineyard, which with its adjacent winery and tasting rooms boasts some spectacular views. Pixabay

Oregon’s wet weather and short summers meant people used to doubt whether the state could ever successfully produce wine. That was 30-plus years ago, but since then it has increasingly received international acclaim and these days the Willamette Valley is the center of a wine region that is world-famous for some of America’s best Pinot Noir.

Here are 10 of the top vineyards in Oregon to visit: 

  1.       DOMAINE DROUHIN (6750 Breyman Orchards Road, Dayton OR 97114, 503-864-2700) is among Oregon’s very finest vineyards. Its motto is “French soul, Oregon soil” and it is owned by the Drouhin family. For the fourth generation, the wines are made using similar techniques to the family’s wines that are produced in Burgundy, France. More information can be found at www.domainedrouhin.com or @DrouhinOregon on Twitter.
  2.       TYEE WINE CELLARS (26335 Greenberry Road, in Corvallis OR 97333, 541-753-8754) can be found one the Buchanan Family Century Farm, which was founded in Willamette Valley over 120 years ago near Corvallis.  More information can be found at www.tyeewine.com or @TyeeWine.

3.   WINTER’S HILL VINEYARD (6451 Northeast Hilltop Lane, Dayton OR 97114, 503-864-4592) conducts tastings in the winery which is surrounded by a landscape of forest and fields.

4.   WILLAMETTE VALLEY VINEYARDS incorporates food and wine pairings so that visitors can discover local ingredients along with the wines, which are inspired by the wines of Tuscany among others. Pinots are featured with food like steelhead salads through roasted lamb to short ribs.

Find out more by visiting www.wvv.com.

Oregon
Oregon is one of the very finest vineyards. Its motto is “French soul, Oregon soil” and it is owned by the Drouhin family. Pixabay

5.   KING ESTATE WINERY (80854 Territorial Highway, Eugene OR 97405, 541-942-9874) was discovered by Ed King in 1990. In the next four years over 100 acres had been planted to create the most diverse soil vineyard ever created in Oregon. Organic winemaking processes enhance the complex fruit flavors and help create wines of great acidity, with structure and minerality to match. Learn more at www.kingestate.com or @KingEstate.

6.   CHERRY HILL WINERY (7867 Crowley Road, Rickreall OR 97371, 503 623-7867) nestles in the Eola Hills of the Willamette Valley. This is a boutique winery where super-premium Pinot Noir is produced by hand.  Find out more at www.cherryhillwinery.com.

7.   YAMHILL VALLEY VINEYARDS (16250 SW Oldsville Road, McMinnville OR 97128, 503 843-3100) is the oldest winery in the McMinnville American Viticultural Area.  It grows, produces and bottles all its own grapes on a 150-acre estate in the foothills of the Coast Range Mountains. The grapes here are the three Pinots – Noir, Gris, and Blanc – Chardonnay, and Riesling. Find out more at www.yamhill.com.

8.   DE PONTE CELLARS (17545 NE Archery Summit Road, Dayton OR 97114, 503 864-3698) is on the site of one of the Willamette Valley’s oldest vineyards.  The first Pinot Noir from here was released to critical acclaim back in 2001. As well as Pinot Noir, De Ponte is famed for its Melon grape, which is rare throughout the US.  

Oregon
WINTER’S HILL VINEYARD conducts tastings in the winery which is surrounded by a landscape of forest and fields, in Oregon. Pixabay

9.   YOUNGBERG HILL VINEYARDS (10660 SW Youngberg Hill Road, McMinnville OR 97128, 503 472-2727) began farming organically in 2003 and continues to move further in that direction. It is a small, producer of both Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris.

ALSO READ: Mindfulness can Reduce Opioid Cravings, Study Says

10.   PENNER-ASH WINE CELLARS (15771 NE Ribbon Ridge Road, Newberg OR 97132, 503 554-5545) sources its grapes from the best Oregon vineyards in Oregon along with its own Estate Vineyard, which with its adjacent winery and tasting rooms boasts some spectacular views. Find out more at www.pennerash.com or @pennerash.