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By Aniket Bhavthankar
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Francois Hollande laid the foundation stone of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) headquartered in Gurgaon during the latter’s visit to India as a chief guest for 67th Republic Day. Modi and Hollande jointly announced the formation of the ISA during Conference of Parties-21 in Paris last year. The ISA visualizes building a partnership between more than 120 countries situated between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn as they receive the sunshine in abundance for around 300 days in a year. Currently, 121 countries across the world are part of the ISA. Renewable and non-traditional energy sources are one of the ways to confront the challenges of the climate change.
India’s ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’ has set an ambitious target to scale up the capacity of renewable energy from 30 GW in 2015-16 to 175 GW by 2021-22. In this, the share of solar energy is expected to be about 100 GW. Indian government’s goal of ‘electricity to all’ can be achieved chiefly through solar energy and, hence, the government has launched a scheme for development of 25 solar parks, Ultra Mega Solar Power Projects and solar pumps for farmers.
Private players are also coming to the forefront to assist in the generation of solar energy. Hero group has asked many commercial groups and individuals to rent their rooftops for solar installations and in return gain power at cheaper rates. In India, investment in the solar energy is increasing and this is indicative that the country is emerging as a lucrative market for the solar energy. The price of solar energy has fallen sharply from 17 in 2010 to 4 in 2016. However, achieving the target of 100 GW of solar energy is a daunting task. There is a need to increase efficiency of solar photo-voltaic (PV) cells to 30-40 percent and this requires research and development in the field of solar PV cells. The ISA can anchor and take the lead on this front. India has provided 5-acre land for the campus of the ISA and promised USD 27 million for constructing a building, other infrastructure and meeting recurring expenditure for the next five years.
President Hollande suggested that the ISA is a gift of India to the world in its struggle to fight climate change. France will allocate USD 336 million over the next five years. France will also mobilize its companies, research organizations and diplomatic network to achieve goals set by the ISA. France is already involved in solar energy projects in India. Hollande also expected that the ISA should work at pooling demand of solar energy to bring down financing costs and open their markets to reduce the cost of investment and obtaining new technologies. Participation of developing countries from Asia, Africa, and South America is the important feature of this alliance but developed economies are also enthusiastic about the ISA. This may help in facilitating technology transfer, an important hurdle between developing and developed group of countries.
Importantly, Morocco, poised to become a solar superpower with the launch of world’s largest concentrated solar power plant is not part of this initiative. Same is true for Germany, which produces 80 percent of its energy from renewable resources and almost 7 percent from solar energy, is not part of this alliance. Though Morocco is not situated between two tropics it receives ample amount of sunshine. It will be great to tap in the expertise of both Germany and Morocco in the area of solar energy.
There are several challenges ahead of this courageous initiative. First and foremost challenge is to decide about tangible targets for the working of this alliance. A country’s specific legal commitment about export of solar panels and cheap solar technology needs to be discussed while signing formal agreement by June 2016.
Next, it is necessary to build a robust governance structure to realize the objectives of the ISA. The ISA needs to work on several innovative financial mechanisms to reduce the cost of capital and make the investment in solar energy more attractive. It is pertinent to note that investment worth USD 1 Trillion is required to realize the goal of installing 1000 GW solar energy by 2030. Private sector is envisaged to play an important role in this initiative as they are expected to contribute USD 500 billion. The ISA needs to establish formal links with the corporate sector. At present few corporate like Areva, Engie, Enel, HSBC France and Tata Steel are part of the ISA.
In September 2015, the United Nations (UN) adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This agenda states that renewable energy must be given priority. However, the UN has not created any specialised agency to focus on solar energy. The ISA may fill this vacuum and also satisfy the Indian ambition to spearhead as the global powerhouse in the domain of solar energy. Through the ISA, India also wants to send a signal to the larger world community that it can think and act beyond ‘coal’ in a proactive manner. The ISA is a bold initiative and we need to wait and watch to assess its success.
Aniket Bhavthankar is a Senior Research Associate at the Society for Policy Studies. The article was first published in southasiamonitor.org
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. Not only do fans love Amitabh Bachchan's outstanding performance, but the actor's heartwarming words are also highly regarded. A much moved Amitabh Bachchan, during his speech to the crowd of over 80,000 people at the Reliance Industries' annual event, said that the legacy left by Dhirubhai has had a positive impact on millions of people's lives worldwide.
When Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan became bankrupt in the late 1990s, Dhirubhai Ambani stepped forward to give him financial assistance. In his speech, Bachchan remembered that Dhirubhai had sent Anil Ambani to offer him financial assistance during the crisis, which he had respectfully declined. Lenders began knocking on his door, losses mounted, and his bank account dwindled to nothing. He said, "Dhirubhai's money might have gotten me out of the problem quickly. However, I respectfully declined his offer and gradually began to find work again, which let me pay off my debt."
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. | Flickr
Later, after Bachchan had recovered from the bankruptcy, one day he was invited to an event at Dhirubhai's residence; Bachchan added, "Dhirubhai was standing and having a chat with his industrialist friends when he saw me there, he called me, firstly I felt shy even to present myself in front of such big industrialists but then, I went there, and Dhirubhai declared in front of all of them that 'This young man had fallen but managed to get back up on his own, I have a lot of respect for him because of that.' Those words of his were worth much more to me than any amount of money that he could have offered me."
It was the "Reliance Family Day" event and was attended by members of the Ambani family from all generations. The event commemorated the company's 40-year journey since its inception. It also celebrated the 85th birthday of the late Dhirubhai Ambani, RILs (Reliance Industries Limited) founder.
Keywords: Bollywood, Reliance, Amitabh Bachchan, Dhirubhai Ambani, event
In comparison to adults, children are prone to getting traumatized by troubling events easily, and this makes it important for parents to help their children when the times are tough. It could be a brutal accident, an unprecedented pandemic, a violent crime, or other disasters but with the right parental support, children have a higher chance of coming out stronger from an awful situation.
Anuja Kapur, Psychologist shares few tips wherein you can assist your child when tough times comes calling:
Every child responds differently to disturbing events: What children feel about a current disaster in their life and how they react to it can come and go in waves. Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. There's no absolute "right" or "wrong" way to feel after a traumatic event so make sure not to dictate what your child or how your child should feel and react to the event.
Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. | Photo by Kat J on Unsplash
Encourage your child to be transparent: Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. The unpleasantness will pass if your child opens up about it and that the phase is temporary. While many teens may be reluctant to talk about their feelings with a parent, encourage them to confide in another trusted adult such as a family friend, relative, or a counselor and teacher. It's important to talkeeven if it's not with you.
Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. | Photo by Sebastián León Prado on Unsplash
Deter your child from reliving the disturbing event: Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. However, to negate such things from happening encourage activities that keep your child's mind occupied so they're not obsessive about the event. You could encourage your children to read, play games together, or simply watch an uplifting movie.
Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. | Photo by Юлія Дубина on Unsplash
Cocoon your child with warmth: In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. Teens may try to be tough through it and avoid being held, but they still need the proximity.
In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. | Photo by adrianna geo on Unsplash
Maintain routines. Establishing a predictable structure and schedule for your child's life can help to make the world seem more stable again. Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. Make sure your child accommodates time and space for rest, play, and fun. Keeping up with a schedule can help countercheck the obnoxious feeling of stress and worry in children about the future being dark, hopeless, and unpredictable.
Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. | Photo by Paico Oficial on Unsplash
Acknowledge and validate your child's concerns. The disastrous events in life may give place to unrelated fright and concerns in your child. However, understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child. If at any point the child blames himself for the event make sure to make it clear and crisp the event was not their fault, you love them, and it's okay for them to feel upset, angry, or scared but not guilty.
Understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child Photo by Jeremiah Lawrence on Unsplash
Irrespective of the age of your child, it is vital for parents to offer that extra support and assistance following an unsettling event. The traumatic event may bring up unrelated fears and issues in your child. However, by accepting their thoughts and replacing their fear with your love and direction, the ominous feelings will start to fade away. Eventually, the child will be able to return to a normal and healthy life. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Kids, Help, stress, cope, routine, warmth, understanding, encourage, psychology, children
The European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union (EU), has announced plans for smartphone and other electronics manufacturers to fit a common USB-C charging port on their devices in an effort to reduce waste. In addition to phones, the rules will apply to other devices like tablets, headphones, portable speakers, videogame consoles, and cameras, reports The Verge. The decision will have a huge impact on Apple, as the company still uses its own Lightning connector to charge iPhones. The proposals only cover devices using wired, not wireless and a USB-C port is only mandatory for devices that charge using a cable.
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices | Photo by Solen Feyissa on Unsplash
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices. With more and more devices, more and more chargers are sold that are not interchangeable or not necessary. We are putting an end to that," the report quoted EU commissioner Thierry Breton as saying.
The Commission also wants to unbundle the sale of chargers from the sale of electronic devices, which it says will improve the consumers' convenience. "With our proposal, European consumers will be able to use a single charger for all their portable electronics - an important step to increase convenience and reduce waste." In addition, the Commission will require manufacturers to provide relevant information about charging performance. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Electronic Devices, Chargers, Cable, smartphone, Adapters, Charging Cord