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Javed Khan and Aziz Khan, both hail from Madhya Pradesh, are men with limited means but with an unlimited passion for selfless service. Both are outstanding examples of how one renders help to people stricken by the second surge of Covid-19 pandemic in the country. The 34-year-old Javed is an auto driver in Bhopal who has converted his vehicle into an ambulance. While, Aziz Khan, 39, is a Mechanical Engineer of Dhar who has fabricated a bike ambulance that can ferry Coronavirus patients from remote and inaccessible areas to hospitals.
From Auto To Ambulance
In an article in Hindustan Times about his inspiration to convert his autorickshaw into an ambulance, Javed Khan said: “During the lockdown, I was sitting at home and reading news that people are facing trouble in reaching hospitals. I thought of helping such people. But I thought just to help them in reaching the hospital is not enough, so I thought of converting my auto into a mini ambulance. The oxygen is one of the most important things for Covid-19 infected patients so I fit an oxygen cylinder in my auto.”
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Disclosing that his wife not only supported his idea but also helped him, Javed shared that she parted with her jewelry to raise money for this venture. “My wife Kishwar Khan helped me financially by giving her gold pendant and earrings. Did I sell it for? 10,000. I posted my numbers on social media so that people can contact me any time.” In fact, in a span of two weeks itself, he helped 12 people in Bhopal.
Fortunately, the most important part of the ambulance, namely the oxygen cylinder and oximeter was given by two donors. Javed Khan was taught by a doctor how to use the cylinder and oximeter to safely supply the lifesaving gas to patients while he drives them to a hospital. As he offers the services free, he has been dipping into his savings.
“I have saved some money to repay the loan of my auto but now I am using this money to bear my household expenses,” revealed Javed. Even though it is a struggle to refill the cylinder, Javed does not mind it at all. “It takes four to five hours and someday more than eight hours to get the cylinders refilled at a center in Govindpura but it motivates me to help more people.”
People who have used his ambulance appreciate his effort.
Sunil Dug, a resident of Awadhpuri, told Hindustan Times, “I was discharged from the hospital two days ago, I needed an ambulance to reach home but I didn’t get any vehicle till late at night. I saw Javed’s number on a social media platform. I contacted him, he was 12 kilometers away from the hospital but he came and took me to my home which was 13 kilometers from the hospital. When I asked for money, he refused to take any but I donated some money for his welfare service.”
In fact, Javed Khan acknowledges the help he has received from many. “Many people have come forward to help me with donations and have requested me to continue driving around until the pandemic is over. It is thanks to the help of so many people, I am able to do this. I couldn’t have done this on my own,” he said.
Turning Scrap Into Ambulance
Aziz Khan, a fabricator from Dhar, was deeply concerned when he read in the media, What’s App and Facebook about problems people faced in reaching hospital from remote places due to lack of ambulances.
“I have been working as a fabricator for the past so many years. I read some news that people are facing difficulty in reaching hospitals due to a kutcha road or narrow lane so I thought of developing a bike ambulance. I constructed an attachment with a bed, an oxygen cylinder, and a metallic cover. The structure is attached to my bike and this is how I am able to take the patients safely to the hospital,” he said.
Like Javed Khan, Aziz too does not charge for the bike ambulance. On the contrary, even though he used a lot of material from his fabrication unit, he says he must have spent Rs.30,000.
It was Aziz’s empathy for the relatives of Covid-19 affected patients that motivated him to devise this ambulance. In a video interview, he said, “The patient is lying unaware of what is happening around. It is the attendants and the relatives who are helpless as no ambulance is available to take the patient. In remote areas, ambulances don’t go as they operate only in urban areas. I felt that there is a need to develop something indigenous which can be used easily in the countryside and that can be attached to any vehicle for the ferry a patient safety with oxygen to the nearest hospital.”
Being an engineer and an experienced fabricator he looked around his factory for material to make this carrier that could be towed by a vehicle. “Having got the concept I moved to the stage of making it. Due to the lockdown, the first thing I did was look around my factory to see what was available. I found some motorcycle tires and rims, and some fabrication stuff. I put it all together and in about four days this carrier was ready. I managed to get an oxygen cylinder too for it,” shared Aziz in the video.
The ambulance was put to use almost immediately. “My worker whose elder brother suddenly became sick used this bike ambulance to ferry his brother forty kilometers for admitting him in a hospital. My hard work was immediately paid for as it saved a person’s life.”
What makes the bike ambulance a feasible option is that it can be used by everyone. “In the case of this bike ambulance, the relatives of the Covid-19 affected person can drive the bike and take the patient to the hospital. They don’t have to depend on the ambulance or an attendant,” said Aziz. The bike ambulance is readily available for everyone. “I have parked the ambulance outside my factory and whoever needs it can take it as it is free. All they need to show is the doctor’s prescription and take the ambulance, use it and return it,” informed Aziz. (IANS/JC)
Canadian researchers have discovered an overlooked gene that plays a major role in the development of antibodies, which help the immune system recognize and fight viruses including SARS-CoV-2, bacteria and other causes of infectious disease. The gene -- FAM72A -- facilitates production of high-quality antibodies by enabling the effect of an enzyme called AID (for Activation-Induced Deaminase), the researchers showed.
Immunologists have known for two decades that AID is essential to produce antibodies capable of clearing infections, but the full mechanism of its effect has remained unknown. "Our findings answer the long-standing question of how AID does its work," said Alberto Martin, a professor of immunology at the University of Toronto's Temerty Faculty of Medicine. "FAM72A helps AID to promote mutations in antibody genes that are essential for the development of effective antibodies," he added.
Genetic mutations that lead to lasting changes in DNA occur through a process called mutagenesis. | Pixabay
Genetic mutations that lead to lasting changes in DNA occur through a process called mutagenesis. In the context of antibody development, mutagenesis unfolds largely through the AID-driven mechanisms called somatic hypermutation and class switch recombination -- both of which help antibodies gain the diversity and potency they need to counter a wide range of pathogens.
The results published in the journal Nature will help researchers better understand antibody development broadly, but they also have implications for cancer. Uncontrolled mutagenesis in B cells that produce antibodies is linked to B cell lymphoma, and FAM72A is present at very high levels in other cancers such as gastrointestinal, breast, lung, liver and ovarian cancers.
"Our data show that high levels of FAM72A promote mutations in antibody genes, so increased levels of FAM72A could spur cancer development, progression or drug resistance by increasing mutagenesis,a Martin said. Martin's team is now exploring those possibilities. Intriguingly, unlike other mammals, humans have four gene versions of FAM72A and their roles in cancer and antibody production are still unknown. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: researchers, cancer, mutagenesis, antibody, development, antibodies, canada, COVID
Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL), a subsidiary of Coal India will set up a 50 megawatt (MW) solar power plant in Odisha's Sambalpur at a total cost of Rs 301.92 crore, moving steadily towards its goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2024. MCL has placed a turnkey order to set-up a 50 MW solar power plant with a Chennai-based firm M/s Hild Energy Ltd, which will establish this green energy project within a timeline of 10 months, the MCL said in a statement on Saturday.
This solar plant would cater to the captive power requirement of MCL. The Central PSU had successfully set-up a 2MW solar power plant in Sambalpur in 2014. The company said it has pledged a target of installing 182 MW of solar power by 2024 in order to become a net zero energy company, aligning itself to use cleaner forms of energy for coal production.
The company said it has pledged a target of installing 182 MW of solar power by 2024. | Photo by Mariana Proença on Unsplash
This 50 MW solar power project will reduce CO2 emission by 91,020 tonnes per annum and carbon offsets of around 24,824 tonnes per annum, claimed the MCL. MCL is the leading production subsidiary of Coal India, having mining operations in Angul, Jharsuguda and Sundargarh districts of Odisha. Having achieved the highest ever capital expenditure of Rs 2,419 crore in the financial year 2020-21, the company has coal production and dispatch targets of 163 million tonnes and 182 million tonnes, respectively.
MCL was the coal mining company to introduce environment-friendly surface miner technology, which contributes over 95 per cent in coal production. As another environment-friendly initiative, the company has successfully introduced vertical rippers for blast-less over-burden removal in Hingula and Kaniha opencast projects. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: solar plant, carbon neutrality, Odisha, Sambalpur, Coal India, subsidiary, Mahanadi Coalfields Limited, solar energy
As the nation celebrated the 114th birth anniversary of his father - renowned poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan - megastar Amitabh Bachchan remembered his dad as he penned a heartfelt note for him. The actor took to his blog where he poured his heart out and also shared an unseen photo with his father. The image in question is from Big B's wedding in 1973, where the two are caught in a sweet moment as they look at each other.
Amitabh Bachchan wrote on his blog,
"My Father , my all .. November 27th his birth in the year 1907 .. Which makes it his 114th Anniversary .. He is in the heavens, with my Mother and they celebrate .. as do we , in thought word and deed .. (sic). But first."
He then posted the picture followed by elaborate paragraphs. The megastar wrote,
"Those rare moments when one would find himself rushing against the winds to prevent the distance between us and to close it down as soon as it can be. The day of my wedding and his expression of fulfilment to not just be in congratulation but instead to be in the face of a belief, a chime, an ultimate season of love and great passion, of the quarries of the fears and conditionings of these deprived gym routines kart ..(sic)". "This could have been unknown for long facilitating years, to give not expected versions and lastly large scale informations of the insides ; but as time passed by, as does now , they explained purposely, the values of education and similarity .. Be in peace and love .. (sic)",
the veteran actor concluded his note. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Amitabh Bachchan, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, actor, blog, birth anniversary, 114th birthday