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By Nithin Sridhar
John Nash, the famous American mathematician, and his wife died last Saturday in a fatal taxi crash in New Jersey Turnpike. His most remarkable contributions were in the field of Game Theory. His discoveries like Nash Equilibrium, have resulted in the use of Game Theory in various branches like economics, politics, warfare, psychology, evolutionary biology, logic, ethics, social and human behavior etc. This article seeks to explore, whether there are some common points between Game Theory and Vedic Astrology (Jyotishya), which can be utilized to integrate them, so as to improve the efficacy of Jyotishya. Before, proceeding further, let us briefly understand, what Game Theory is all about.
Game Theory is a systematic study of exertion of Free-Will. It is used to study, analyze and predict various human decisions, where the decision of each individual is influenced by the decision of the others in the game, and all their decisions collectively determine the final result.
To be fully defined, a Game must have these four elements- players (those who exert free will and take decisions), the actions (choices) that are available for the players to choose from, the strategies that each player applies in taking action, and the payoff’s or the results that each player obtains as a result of his actions. Some of the assumptions underlying the Game Theory include, the players being rational individuals. That is, the exertion of free-will by each player will be aimed at maximizing his payoffs. Secondly, every player understands that other players are playing for maximizing their own payoff’s as well. Hence, the determining factor behind decision making is “self-interest”.
Now, if we link this concept of Game Theory to the concept of Karma in Hinduism, we will notice that there are certain elements that are common to both. The concept of Free-Will plays a very important role in Hindu view of the universe. The whole universe and all the interactions within the universe follow the law of Karma- the law of cause and effect. Each action results in a specific result. Hence, the present situations and life choices that an individual faces, are a result of his own previous actions. Similarly, his present actions will place him in various situations in future. Therefore, destiny and free-will are one and the same thing- Karma.
To the question, what drives a person to perform actions? “Desire for happiness” is the answer given by Hindu scriptures. In other words, self-regard and self-welfare are the primary motives behind all actions. The Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha that constitute the four purusharthas or goals of life that are central to the Hindu way of life, are designed to lead a person slowly on a path that ultimately imparts Supreme-Bliss. Hence, all actions be it for Dharma, Artha, Kama or Moksha, they are all guided by motivations of attaining the results/payoffs offered by them. If it be said that, taking decisions in self-interest is contradictory to the practice of dharma (ethics and duty), the answer is given by Lord Krishna himself in Gita (2.30-38).
Lord Krishna urges Arjuna to fight the Righteous Mahabharata battle by saying that, if he fights, then there are only two possible outcomes. Either Arjuna dies in the battle and attains heaven and enjoy the heavenly world or he will conquer and enjoy his kingdom. In either case, following his Kshatriya Dharma and fighting in the war is beneficial to Arjuna.
Hence, even in the case of Dharma (ethics, righteousness, morality, duty), being economically rational i.e. taking a decision in self-interest is the most natural reaction for a person. Another element of commonality is the factor of influence of decision-making process of one player on the other. Though in Game Theory it is explored in a purely rational basis of how a player understands the strategy of the other, the Hindu Philosophy explores the interactions between two individuals based on the Karmic debts or Rina that binds them. Any interaction between two people is not a coincidence, but it is outcome of the complex bond of Rina that individuals share with each other. And their present interactions and their mutual exertion of free-will will be influenced by this Karmic debt that exists between them. The Rina is a bond of give and take that is formed due to actions in the past.
Hence, the past Karmas that are bearing their results in the present for an individual, the Karmic Rinas between the interacting individuals, the mental make-up of an individual and the factor of rationality/self-interest of the individual will determine the manner in which he will exert his Free-Will.
Game Theory only uses the last factor, the factor of economic rationality or self-interest in its analysis of free-will. The Behavioral Game Theory also takes into account the mental make-up of an Individual. But, both of them have no information regarding the past actions. Hence, the Game Theory is only limited to present exertion of free-will determined by only a limited number of factors.
On the other hand, Vedic Jyotishya deals with predicting the future events based on the past Karmas that have begun to fructify. Every person takes birth as a certain animal, or in a certain house and faces certain situations in his life based on his previous Karmas committed over millions of past lives. The sum total of all the previous karmas is called as “Sanchita Karma”. And a small portion of Sanchita Karma that is ready to give results is called as “Prarabda Karma”. It is this Prarabda Karma that decides the time, place, and manner of birth. It decides the various life events, various life situations that a person is placed into in his life. Jyotishya uses various methods that include using birth time and location and making the natal chart, to determine the Prarabda Karmas that are in store for a person in that particular life. It then uses this information to predict the future events. But, what it does not take into account is the performance of Agami Karmas. Agami Karmas are the actions performed by the exertion of free will in the Present. And these exertions of free will can significantly change the events and directions in which the life of a person is moving. But, Jyotishya does not take into account these Agami Karmas. Hence, many of the predictions turn out to be untrue. If the concepts of Game Theory can be harmoniously integrated with the concepts of Jyotishya then the predictions can be made more accurate. Further, Jyotishya will be able to analyze and predict even the exertions of the Free Will in the present.
By Himanshu Agarwal
While smart homes are typically about connected and automated devices and appliances, making it a super convenient and comfortable living experience for residents, there is one connection that we often seem to miss when we speak of smart homes -- the inextricable connection with the indoor home environment.
After all, smart living is also about smart breathing. Unless we breathe clean and pure air even within our homes, smart living remains an incomplete aspiration. Therefore, as we pivot big time to a modern lifestyle with nearly 24/7 gadgets, utilities, and network dependency within our homes, a sense of balance with respect to the indoor ambiance must also be attained. And this balance necessarily means breathing pristine, unadulterated pure air even at homes.
Don't forget we breathe 24/7 even when living in smart homes
Of course, in this time and age when we are actively using some smart device or the other within the premises of our smart homes most of the time, the point that we are also breathing 24/7 need not be as labored. However, the question is: whether the quality of the air that we are breathing indoors is commensurate with the aspiration for this so-called quality of life and experience of living in high-class homes. In other words, even as we think we are living the 'high life' using all the fancy gadgets and increasing convenience in life, unless we breathe the right air, the desire and dream of quality living will not find true meaning.
Don't forget we breathe 24/7 even when living in smart homes. | Photo by Ale Romo Photography on Unsplash
Indoor air is worse than outdoor air
Contrary to the popular perception that the air quality in the external settings is worse than that of indoors, the reality is that indoor air is often found to be more impure and unhygienic for our health and living. This is not only because outdoor air gets natural circulation and revitalization as opposed to indoor air with a higher likelihood of getting stale by its very nature. But this is also based on solid scientific evidence. In fact, the levels of indoor air pollutants are often 2 to 5 times higher than outdoor levels and can even top the outdoor levels of the same pollutants 100 times in some cases. In these times of pandemic, it is worthwhile mentioning that even the transmission rate of the coronavirus is higher in indoor settings than outdoors.
Indoor air is often found to be more impure and unhygienic for our health and living. | Photo by Kaleidico on Unsplash
Efficient energy use reminds us of the need for efficient human energy too
Smart homes naturally mean the most efficient and optimized energy use. There is a bit of irony in the fact that while we are living in an optimized energy-based setup, we are not optimizing our own energy here if we ignore indoor air quality. Breathing is a source of energy that sustains our body with oxygen, a life force that creates nearly 90 per cent of our bodily energy. If we wish to get the best of our breathing and internal energy system and indeed make everyday life and related pursuits more fulfilling, we need to breathe clean purified air all the time. A healthy life starts with breathing healthy air.
Smart homes naturally mean most efficient and optimized energy use. | Photo by Unsplash
In a nutshell, unless we have indoor air purification -- of the smart kind or otherwise -- within our smart homes, even living in smart homes doesn't make us smart enough! (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: smart homes, energy, indoor, air, breathing, outdoor, smart, air purification
By - Jhon Richardson
People all around the world love shopping. When people go shopping for Anti social socil club hoodie they want to find the perfect pieces that fit them, look good on them, and are in season. People also know there are things you should watch for when shopping but tend to make some common mistakes during the evaluation process.
Buying clothes without trying it on
When buying separates you always need to try on each piece of clothing before purchasing it because not every color or size will look good on you. You don't want be stuck with two pieces of clothing that do not work well together or worse yet not having anything that goes well together because you didn't try on your purchases first! Not only can what you buy end up looking bad, but it can also make you feel bad about what you are wearing. So make sure to always try on your purchases to avoid this mistake.
Sweating the small stuff
When you pick out a few outfits, it's important to not get caught up in details that aren't worth getting stressed about because there are so many pieces of clothing out there and only so much money to spend on them! You don't want your outfit choice or buying decision ruined by something like whether the hem is straight or if the buttons line up perfectly when trying it on at home after purchasing it. It is easy enough to fix, but can also take away from shopping and spending time with friends and family over things that really aren't worth getting upset about in life that can be fixed easily.
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Buying on impulse
There are some people who don't even try their purchases on before purchasing them and unfortunately realize after the fact that they didn't like what they bought or it doesn't fit right and now it isn't returnable and is taking up space in their closet. This is a big mistake because we live in a world where you can shop for clothing at any hour of the day from your phone, tablet, or laptop, so there is no reason to make an impulsive buying decision that you will regret later because there will always be time to find something else if it's meant to be yours!
Along row of clothes on sale Image credit: Photo by Duy Hoang on Unsplash
Shopping for others more than yourself
Some women only want to buy things from Chrome Hearts Official Store for themselves when they are shopping if it's something that isn't meant to be shared with anyone else. The worst thing you can do is go shopping just for your friends or family members. You don't want to buy clothing that the other person may not like or that doesn't look right on them just because you wanted to get them something! The three of you could be so much happier if one of you was left out and everyone got what they actually wanted.
Settling for second best
You should never settle for second best when buying something, even if it is a deal or at a discounted price because it still means someone else will get what you're looking for and another piece of clothing will end up in the wrong home where it won't be appreciated the way it deserves to be! So if you find a piece of clothing that has all the right pieces in all the right places, make sure to buy it and never settle for anything less because your wardrobe can only benefit from including things that are really worth having.
Shopping in haste
If you go shopping in a hurry due to not having much time or being rushed because someone is waiting on you then your choices will end up doing more harm than good when trying them on at home. You'll end up with clothing that doesn't fit perfectly or isn't what you wanted since you didn't have enough time to consider everything. So slow down and take your time whenever possible so there aren't any regrets later.
Failing to consider your current wardrobe
You want to avoid this mistake at all costs because it's just a waste of time, money, and energy when you know what you have is fine or that there are so many pieces in your closet that don't go together. You have to have some knowledge about the clothing you already own before getting something new. So take an inventory of what you already have so you can make informed decisions before buying anything else!
Clothes Store Interiors can often tempt unplanned buying Image credit: Clark Street Mercantile
Buying things only because they're on sale
You may be so focused on getting a discounted price for items that aren't even your style or size which will just end up sitting in your closet unworn and wasting space because it doesn't fit right or look right because it wasn't meant to be. That's why you should only buy the best, most stylish clothing that fits your personal sense of style so there is no need to rush or settle for anything less!
Focusing too much on the price tag
You may end up passing over lots of things that are great deals, but not buying them because they don't have a high enough price tag making you think they weren't worth it even though you could get other pieces in your wardrobe without spending as much money elsewhere if you were shopping with a clear mind. The price tag doesn't mean everything when searching through your options for clothing!
Not checking how something will fit before buying it
This mistake can be a huge problem, especially when buying pants and skirts because you may not be able to return them or exchange them for something that will fit properly. You can't always trust the size on the tag so it's crucial to try clothing on before buying it whenever possible!
If you avoid these mistakes, then shopping can be one of your favorite things to do instead of another chore that just makes you angry at the end of the day because you didn't find anything worth having or spent too much money on what wasn't even right for you. So take your time every single time and never rush yourself by checking out all 10 mistakes so there are no regrets later!
Knowing what not to do is just as important as knowing what to do when it comes to shopping for clothes. Hopefully, this blog post has given you some helpful pointers on how to avoid these common mistakes and find your perfect look! Let us know if we can help with anything else - our team of experts are ready and waiting.
(Disclaimer: This article is sponsored and contains some commercial links)
Keywords: Shopping, Impulse, Sale, Clothes, Mistakes