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Namda is believed to have originated around the 11th century, under the reign of Akbar, the great Mughal emperor. According to historical records, Akbar directed to provide an appropriate covering for his horse, who was suffering from severe cold. As a response, an elderly man rose to his feet and stated his thoughts. His name was Nubi; he used to stitch multicolored and exquisite patterns into wool. Therefore, he offered his felting services to the emperor and as a result, wool felting was born and since then has developed into a world-class craft form that continues to astound people to this day. The skill of Namda manufacturing, was introduced to Kashmir by the Sufi saint Shah- e- Hamdan, who came with the noble purpose of providing a source of income for the Kashmiris. Namda making is still a source of income for a large portion of Kashmir's population.
Namda making is still a source of income for a large portion of Kashmir's population. | India Mart
Namda is produced by felting sheep wool rather than weaving it, which is what, makes it unique. On a grassor a jute mat, the wool is spread and then soapy water is sprinkled evenly over it. The mat is then firmly wrapped and secured with a rope, then pressed by rolling back and forth on the floor with the help of hands and feet. For about an hour, this procedure is continued as it allows the fiber of the layers to firmly stick together. After that, the rope is loosened and the mat is unrolled to reveal the beautiful Namda. This simple Namda is then embroidered with the stunning Kashmiri Aari Embroidery to complete the look. The Namda market in Kashmir is mainly concentrated in the downtown regions of Shehr-e-khaas, Anantnag, Rainawari, and Baramulla, as well as other nearby places.
Types of Namda:
- Plain Namda: It is a kind of simple mat that is not decorated with any type of embroidery work.
- Embroidered namda: These are the kinds that are decorated. Ari work is done on a simple namda with various colors to make it appear attractive and appealing.
- Cut work namda: In this technique, trimmed pieces are arranged according to the pattern while layers are created to produce the best namda.
The Namda market in Kashmir is mainly concentrated in the downtown regions of Shehr-e-khaas, Anantnag, Rainawari, and Baramulla, as well as other nearby places. | India Mart
Namda-making has turned into a part-time occupation in recent years. Work is required on a number of fronts in order to bring this art back to life. When it comes to the sales, its exports have seen a steep decrease, dropping by almost 100 percent between 1998 and 2008.
Don't forget to read about the Unique Handicrafts of Kashmir by clicking HERE.
Keywords: handicrafts, kashmir, wool, sheep, felting, namda, rug
Hackers have stolen crypto tokens worth $120 million from Blockchain-based decentralised finance (DeFi) platform BadgerDAO. Several crypto wallets were drained before the platform could stop the cyber attack. In a tweet, Badger said it has received reports of unauthorised withdrawals of user funds. "As Badger engineers investigate this, all smart contracts have been paused to prevent further withdrawals. Our investigation is ongoing and we will release further information as soon as possible," the company said late on Thursday.
According to the blockchain security and data analytics Peckshield, the various tokens stolen in the attack are worth about $120 million, reports The Verge. According to reports, someone inserted a malicious script in the user interface (UI) of their website. Badger has retained data forensics experts Chainalysis to explore the full scale of the incident and authorities in both the US and Canada have been informed. "Badger is cooperating fully with external investigations as well as proceeding with its own," it said. DeFi is a collective term for financial products and services that are open, decentralised and accessible to anyone. DeFi products open up financial services to anyone with an internet connection and they are largely owned and maintained by their users. While the attack didn't reveal specific flaws within Blockchain tech itself, it managed to exploit the older "web 2.0" technology that most users need to use to perform transactions, according to reports. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: crypto wallets, BadgerDAO, decentralised finance, Blockchain, 120 million, crypto tokens, Hackers)
A total of 120 top Bollywood and other celebrities are expected to attend the wedding of film stars Katrina Kaif and Vicky Kaushal which is scheduled on December 9 in Rajasthan, said Rajendra Kishan, the District Collector (DC) of Sawai Madhopur district of the state on Friday. The District Collector told mediapersons: "These 120 guests shall follow all COVID-19 protocols and fully vaccinated guests will get entry in the much-hyped celebrity wedding."
Kishan said that the organisers have been asked to strictly follow all Covid-19 protocols. Also, those who are not vaccinated, will not be allowed without the negative RT-PCR test report, he added. "We have been informed by organisers that a total of 120 guests are invited to the wedding and the events will take place between December 7 to December 10," he added.
Earlier at 10.30 a.m., Kishan called a meeting which was attended by administrative, police and forest department officials, hotel and event managers to ensure adequate arrangements for crowd control, smooth regulation of traffic, and law and order situation amid the VIP movement. The wedding venue Fort Barwara, that has been converted into a heritage hotel, is situated in the panchayat samiti Chauth Ka Barwara. The venue is around 22 km away from Sawai Madhopur and is around 174 km from Jaipur. Sawai Madhopur district is famous for the Ranthambore National Tiger Reserve and as per reports, the guests are likely to be taken for a tiger safari. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: Rajasthan, December 9, Vicky Kaushal, Katrina Kaif, film stars, celebrities, Bollywood, Katrina-Vicky)
The National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), which confirmed the first two cases of the Omicron variant in Bengaluru on Thursday, is continuously monitoring the situation in four cities - Bengaluru, Hyderabad, New Delhi, and Pune. The NCBS is a part of a consortium of national laboratories performing genomic surveillance across four city clusters. The consortium was established four months ago with support from The Rockefeller Foundation's Pandemic Prevention Institute, and is led by the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in Hyderabad.
Dr Rakesh Mishra at the CCMB said on Friday that the consortium is continuously monitoring the situation in all the four cities and has upscaled its efforts to sequence as many samples as possible Apart from the CCMB and the NCBS, the consortium includes CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology - IGIB in New Delhi and the Pune Knowledge Cluster, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune, and CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory in Pune.
The first case of the Omicron variant was detected in South Africa and reported to the World Health Organization on November 24. | Unsplash
The consortium is focused on upscaling genomic surveillance as part of national efforts led by the INSACOG - Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomics Consortium - to respond to the Covid-19 pandemic. The consortium intensified its sequencing efforts after the World Health Organisation announced Omicron as a Variant of Concern. Such an intensified effort enabled the Bengaluru team at the NCBS, a member laboratory of INSACOG, in collaboration with Strand Life Sciences and the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), to detect, rapidly sequence and verify the existence of the omicron variant in samples from two Covid-19 infected individuals.
They hope this will aid in a rapid response to contain the spread of variants of concern. Prof Satyajit Mayor from the NCBS conveyed the information to local and national authorities, and the Indian government released a statement on December 2, all within four days of receiving the samples. Both SARS-CoV-2 genomes have also been uploaded to the global repository for SARS-CoV-2 sequences, GISAID, so that they can be publicly available to the scientific community, the NCBS said. (IANS/ MBI)
(Keywords: Hyderabad, New Delhi, Pune, Bengaluru, The National Centre for Biological Sciences, Situation, NCBS, Omicron)