Sunday November 17, 2019

Physical Activity in Early Childhood Affects Future Cardiovascular Health

It's important to start any kind of preventative measures early

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Physical Activity, Childhood, Cardiovascular Health
The study found that physical activity in toddlers as young as three years old benefits blood vessel health. Pixabay

Physical activity in early childhood may have an impact on cardiovascular health later in life, according to a study.

Published in the journal Pediatrics, the study found that physical activity in toddlers as young as three years old benefits blood vessel health, cardiovascular fitness and is key to the prevention of early risk indicators that can lead to adult heart disease.

“Many of us tend to think cardiovascular disease hits in older age, but arteries begin to stiffen when we are very young,” said study lead author Nicole Proudfoot from McMaster University in Canada.

“It’s important to start any kind of preventative measures early. We need to ensure that small children have many opportunities to be active to keep their hearts and blood vessels as healthy as possible,” Proudfoot said.

Physical Activity, Childhood, Cardiovascular Health
Physical activity in early childhood may have an impact on cardiovascular health later in life. Pixabay

For the study, more than 400 children between the ages of three and five years were involved. Over the course of three years, the researchers measured and analysed key markers of heart health: cardiovascular fitness, arterial stiffness and blood pressure.

The researchers calculated cardiovascular fitness by measuring how long the children could last on a treadmill test and how fast their heart rates recovered after exercise.

They measured arterial stiffness by how fast their pulse travelled through their body and used ultrasound images to measure the stiffness of the carotid artery. They also measured blood pressure.

The research team tracked physical activity each year by having the children wear an accelerometer around their waist for one week, allowing researchers to determine the amount and intensity of their activity each day.

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The researchers determined that while arteries stiffen over time, the process is slower in young children who have been more active.

Those kids also showed more endurance on the treadmill, suggesting they had better cardiovascular fitness and their heart rates came down faster after exercise.

While the study showed overall physical activity had favourable effects on cardiovascular health, more intense physical activity was more beneficial. (IANS)

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Study Finds that Lower Level of Physical Activity can Increase Death Rates among People

The study was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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Physical Activity
Physical Activity is important for avoiding early death in older men and women, the study said. Pixabay

Researchers have found the people who had the lowest levels of Physical Activity had higher rates of death compared to people with higher levels of activity, adding that nine per cent of all premature deaths are caused by not getting enough physical activity.

Physical activity is known to reduce deaths from heart disease, diabetes, chronic lung disease, and mental illness.

For the findings, the research team from Federal University of Pelotas in Brazil, looked more carefully at the relationship between death and physical exercise among older adults in Brazil (where the number of older adults grew 40 per cent between 2002 and 2012).

The study was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

During the study, from January to August 2014, researchers conducted home interviews with 1,451 adults older than 60. Of these, 971 participants were given wrist monitors to measure their physical activity.

Researchers also asked participants about their smoking habits and how they would rate their health.

Additionally, researchers learned about the chronic health conditions participants said they had, including high blood pressure, diabetes, heart problems, Parkinson’s disease, kidney failure, high cholesterol, depression, stroke, and cancer.

Physical Activity
Researchers have found the people who had the lowest levels of Physical Activity had higher rates of death compared to people with higher levels of activity. Pixabay

The researchers then rated participants’ ability to perform their normal daily activities, including bathing, dressing, getting from bed to chair, going to the bathroom, and feeding.

The researchers concluded that their main findings suggest that low levels of physical activity are associated with higher risks of death, no matter what a person’s level of health was.

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Overall, physical activity was important for avoiding early death in older men and women, the study said. (IANS)