Monday September 16, 2019

Sedentary Lifestyle for 20 Years Associated with Two Times Risk of Premature Death

The HUNT study invited all residents of Norway aged 20 and older to participate in 1984-1986, 1995-1997 and 2006-2008

0
//
Sedentary Lifestyle, Premature, Death
This study aimed to assess how changes in physical activity over 22 years were related to subsequent death from all causes and cardiovascular disease. Pixabay

Sedentary lifestyle for 20 years is associated with a two times risk of premature death as compared to those who lead a healthy life, according to a new study.

“Our findings imply that to get the maximum health benefits of physical activity in terms of protection against premature all-cause and cardiovascular death, you need to continue being physically active,” said the study’s author Trine Moholdt from the Norwegian University.

This study aimed to assess how changes in physical activity over 22 years were related to subsequent death from all causes and cardiovascular disease.

The HUNT study invited all residents of Norway aged 20 and older to participate in 1984-1986, 1995-1997 and 2006-2008.

Sedentary Lifestyle, Premature, Death
Sedentary lifestyle for 20 years is associated with a two times risk of premature death as compared to those who lead a healthy life, according to a new study. Pixabay

At all three time points, individuals were asked about their frequency and duration of leisure-time physical activity.

The current study used the data from the first and third surveys.

A total of 23,146 men and women were included in the analysis. Physical activity was categorised as inactive, moderate — less than two hours a week and high — two or more hours per week.

Physical activity data were linked to information on deaths until the end of 2013 using the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry.

Also Read- Breast Cancer Drugs may Force Some Cancer Cells into ‘Sleeper Mode’

The risk of death in each physical activity group was compared to the reference group — those who reported a high level of exercise during both surveys.

Compared to the reference group, people who were inactive in both 1984-1986 and 2006-2008 had a 2-fold higher likelihood of all-cause death and 2.7-fold greater risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.

Those with moderate activity at both time points had 60 per cent and 90 per cent raised risks of all-cause and cardiovascular deaths, respectively, compared to the reference group.

Sedentary Lifestyle, Premature, Death
Our findings imply that to get the maximum health benefits of physical activity in terms of protection against premature all-cause and cardiovascular death, you need to continue being physically active. Pixabay

“Our data indicate that you can compensate for a previously inactive lifestyle and the sooner you get active, the sooner you will see positive results,” said Moholdt.

Also Read- Apple’s Upcoming iPhone 11 to be Available from This Month

The study was presented at the ESC Congress 2019 in Paris. (IANS)

Next Story

Spend More Time Standing and Combat Negative Health Effects of Sedentary Lifestyle

If we take steps to combat a sedentary lifestyle by making small lifestyle changes, such as spending more time standing, this could reduce the risk

0
Time, Health, Sedentary Lifestyle
The research published in the journal PLOS ONE, has also found that we burn 45 kilocalories more, per six-hour period while standing compared to lying or sitting. Pixabay

Spend more time standing to increase energy expenditure and combat the negative health effects of a sedentary lifestyle, a new study suggests.

The research published in the journal PLOS ONE, has also found that we burn 45 kilocalories more, per six-hour period while standing compared to lying or sitting.

“If we take steps to combat a sedentary lifestyle by making small lifestyle changes, such as spending more time standing, this could reduce the risk of developing diseases such as obesity or Type 2 diabetes,” said study lead author Francisco J. Amaro-Gahete from the University of Granada in Spain.

For the study, the researchers used a sample comprising 53 young adults, who were classified into two types, “savers” and “spenders” of energy, depending on the amount of energy expenditure they consumed when switching from sitting or lying to standing.

Time, Health, Sedentary Lifestyle
Spend more time standing to increase energy expenditure and combat the negative health effects of a sedentary lifestyle, a new study suggests. Pixabay

“Savers consume very little energy in their activities and, therefore, the difference between sitting/lying or standing is practically nil for them. But energy spenders burn approximately 10 per cent more energy when they switch from sitting or lying to standing,” Amaro said.

The factor that appears to have the greatest effect is muscle mass.

People with more muscle mass expend more energy than people with less muscle mass, said the researcher.

In light of the results, the authors recommend spending more time standing in the office as a good strategy to use up more energy and thus avoid storing it as fat.

Also Read- Chandrayaan-2, India’s Ambitious Expedition to Moon’s South Pole, Make Headlines Globally

“If a person were to get up, take 10 steps, and sit down again, it appears that the effects of a sedentary lifestyle would be greatly reduced,” said study researcher Jonatan Ruiz. (IANS)