Monday January 20, 2020

Sedentary Lifestyle for 20 Years Associated with Two Times Risk of Premature Death

The HUNT study invited all residents of Norway aged 20 and older to participate in 1984-1986, 1995-1997 and 2006-2008

0
//
Sedentary Lifestyle, Premature, Death
This study aimed to assess how changes in physical activity over 22 years were related to subsequent death from all causes and cardiovascular disease. Pixabay

Sedentary lifestyle for 20 years is associated with a two times risk of premature death as compared to those who lead a healthy life, according to a new study.

“Our findings imply that to get the maximum health benefits of physical activity in terms of protection against premature all-cause and cardiovascular death, you need to continue being physically active,” said the study’s author Trine Moholdt from the Norwegian University.

This study aimed to assess how changes in physical activity over 22 years were related to subsequent death from all causes and cardiovascular disease.

The HUNT study invited all residents of Norway aged 20 and older to participate in 1984-1986, 1995-1997 and 2006-2008.

Sedentary Lifestyle, Premature, Death
Sedentary lifestyle for 20 years is associated with a two times risk of premature death as compared to those who lead a healthy life, according to a new study. Pixabay

At all three time points, individuals were asked about their frequency and duration of leisure-time physical activity.

The current study used the data from the first and third surveys.

A total of 23,146 men and women were included in the analysis. Physical activity was categorised as inactive, moderate — less than two hours a week and high — two or more hours per week.

Physical activity data were linked to information on deaths until the end of 2013 using the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry.

Also Read- Breast Cancer Drugs may Force Some Cancer Cells into ‘Sleeper Mode’

The risk of death in each physical activity group was compared to the reference group — those who reported a high level of exercise during both surveys.

Compared to the reference group, people who were inactive in both 1984-1986 and 2006-2008 had a 2-fold higher likelihood of all-cause death and 2.7-fold greater risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.

Those with moderate activity at both time points had 60 per cent and 90 per cent raised risks of all-cause and cardiovascular deaths, respectively, compared to the reference group.

Sedentary Lifestyle, Premature, Death
Our findings imply that to get the maximum health benefits of physical activity in terms of protection against premature all-cause and cardiovascular death, you need to continue being physically active. Pixabay

“Our data indicate that you can compensate for a previously inactive lifestyle and the sooner you get active, the sooner you will see positive results,” said Moholdt.

Also Read- Apple’s Upcoming iPhone 11 to be Available from This Month

The study was presented at the ESC Congress 2019 in Paris. (IANS)

Next Story

People with Inadequate Food Access Likely to Die Prematurely: Study

Inadequate food access linked to premature mortality

0
Dying Prematurely
People with inadequate access to food due to financial constraints are more likely to die prematurely. Pixabay

Researchers have found a latest health news that people with inadequate access to food due to financial constraints are 10 to 37 per cent more likely to die prematurely from any cause other than cancer, compared to food-secure people.

“Among adults who died prematurely, those experiencing severe food insecurity died at an age nine years earlier than their food-secure counterparts,” said study lead author Fei Men from the University of Toronto in Canada.

For the study, published in the journal CMAJ, researchers looked at data from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2005-2017 on more than half a million adults in Canada.

They categorised people as food secure, or marginally, moderately or severely food insecure.

Dying Prematurely food
Among adults who died prematurely, those experiencing severe food insecurity died at an age nine years earlier than their food-secure counterparts. Pixabay

By the end of the study period, 25 460 people had died prematurely, with people who were severely food insecure dying nine years younger than their food-secure counterparts (59.5 years old versus 68.9 years).

Previous studies have examined the relation between inadequate food and death, although none looked at causes of death.

The average life expectancy in Canada in 2008-2014 was 82 years; deaths at or before that age were considered premature in this study.

Severely food-insecure adults were more likely to die prematurely than their food-secure counterparts for all causes except cancers, the study said.

Also Read- Video Games May Have Positive Impact on Kids: 71% Parents

Premature death by infectious-parasitic diseases, unintentional injuries and suicides was more than twice as likely for those experiencing severe versus no food insecurity, it added.

“The significant correlations of all levels of food insecurity with potentially avoidable deaths imply that food-insecure adults benefit less from public health efforts to prevent and treat diseases and injuries than their food-secure counterparts,” the researchers said. (IANS)