Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
India has called on the UN committee dealing with disarmament to condemn Pakistan for its "nefarious and vicious" attempts to disrupt its work.
"This Committee should not only categorically reject Pakistan's nefarious and vicious designs but collectively condemn Pakistan for its repeated efforts to politicize its work and hijack its mandate," an Indian delegate said on Monday at the UN General Assembly's (UNGA) First Committee, which deals with disarmament.
He was replying to Pakistan's Permanent Representative Munir Akram's attack on India that went outside the committee's framework by raising the Kashmir issue.
The Indian delegate said: "As the epicenter of global terrorism, Pakistan is the biggest destabilizing force in the world and has repeatedly indulged in cross-border terrorism. They have no regard for UN principles."
"While Pakistan's Permanent Representative speaks about peace and security here, his Prime Minister (Imran Khan) glorifies global terrorists like Osama Bin Ladin as 'martyrs'. What more could be a better proof of the utter duplicity that this country is infamous for."
Earlier, India's Geneva-based Permanent Representative to the Conference on Disarmament, Pankaj Sharma, warned the committee about the dangers of "terrorists acquiring weapons of mass destruction" and called on UN members to "work together to address this grave danger".
"Through its annual consensus resolution at the UNGA, titled 'Measures to Prevent Terrorists from Acquiring Weapons of Mass Destruction,' India has been drawing the attention of the world towards these threats and the need to strengthen international cooperation to address them," Sharma said.
He also drew attention to the havoc caused by terrorists getting small arms and light weapons (SALW).
"Weapons in the hands of terrorists are the most threatening form of illicit SALWs. Therefore, India values the full and effective implementation of the UN PoA (Programme of Action) as a means to combat terrorism and transnational crime."
Sharma reiterated India's commitment to "universal, non-discriminatory and verifiable nuclear disarmament".
This would require all countries, including the five permanent members of the Security Council which take cover behind the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), to give up their nuclear weapons.
Laying out India's nuclear doctrine that has been stated at the UN in previous years, Sharma said that "as a responsible nuclear weapon State and is committed as per its nuclear doctrine, to maintain credible minimum deterrence with the posture of no-first-use and non-use against non-nuclear-weapon states".
He did not elaborate on it, but a close reading of the statement, unchanged from previous years, leaves open the option of preemptive action against a nuclear-armed state.
But Sharma said that it was important "to commence negotiations to reach agreement on an international convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons, respectively".
This has been highlighted in the annual resolutions introduced by India at the Assembly, Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons and Reducing Nuclear Danger, he said.
Akram held out an implied nuclear threat to India saying, "Pakistan will do whatever it takes to preserve full spectrum deterrence to prevent and defeat any potential Indian aggression."
In keeping up with Pakistan's policy of raising Kashmir and what it calls "Hindutva" in all UN forums regardless of their area of work or the topic of discussion, Akram representing the non-secular, officially Islamic state that works with Islamist extremists, alleged that the threat to South Asia came from "Hindutva".
He went on to rekindle Islamabad's criticism of India over Kashmir.
Akram also brought up the Indo-Pacific and Islamabad's patron China, which he called "the rising Asian great power."
He asserted that "70 per cent of India's weaponry and forces are deployed against Pakistan, not to serve its promised role as a counter to the rising Asian great power in the so-called 'Indo-Pacific' region".
Exercising the right of reply, the Indian delegate said: "In contrast to India's constructive approach on disarmament matters, Pakistan has only been disruptive. It is 25 years now, that the world is paying the price of Pakistan's obstructionist tactics" in the Conference on Disarmament preventing it from adopting a program of work.
The Indian delegate said that Islamabad "has the dubious distinction of having single-handedly blocked the negotiations" on the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty that would prohibit the production of highly enriched uranium and plutonium that used in nuclear weapons.
"The First Committee has a vast agenda dealing with global issues relating to disarmament and international security. This is not the forum to address bilateral or regional issues. We wish to reiterate that regional security issues have no place in the First Committee's considerations." (IANS/SK)
(This news story was originally written by Arul Louis for IANS. He can be reached email@example.com and followed at @arulouis)
Keywords: India, Pakistan, UN, UNGA, Regional Security, Military, NPT, International Relations
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the 76th United Nations General Assembly on Saturday held in New York. Prime Minister Modi touched on various issues ranging from making nasal vaccines in India to making an indirect remark on Pakistan for using terrorism as a political tool. PM Modi also highlighted how India is the mother of all democracies and how strategically and effectively India has managed the Covid-19 pandemic. He made comments on the developments in Afghanistan and poverty alleviation.
India: Mother of democracy
In his address at the UNGA session, PM Modi said that for the last one and a half years the world has been facing the biggest global epidemic of the century. He further added that he represents the mother of all democracies, where there are dozens of languages, hundreds of dialects, and different lifestyles and cuisines. India is a shining example of a vibrant democracy and it is recognized for its diversity.
"Yes, democracy can deliver. Yes, democracy has delivered….When India grows, the world grows. When India reforms, the world transforms," Prime Minister Narendra Modi added during his address at the 76th UNGA.
Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.
Manufacture Covid Vaccine India
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his address made efforts to make India a front-line fighter in the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic. He encouraged worldwide vaccine manufacturers to come to India and make vaccines in India, he said "I, today, invite vaccine manufacture around the world — come, make vaccines in India," He emphasized India's successfully developing the world's first DNA vaccine and added that the vaccine can be administered to anyone above the age of 12. The mRNA vaccine is in its final stage of development. India's scientists are working on developing a nasal vaccine for the coronavirus.
The mRNA vaccine is in its final stage of development. India's scientists are working on developing a nasal vaccine for the coronavirus.PTI
PM Modi put a spotlight on how India managed the "second wave" and emerged as part of the solution for the pandemic. When faced with the second wave India launched a plan "Vaccine Maitri" to reach the capitals with fewer resources at the time when other developed countries obstinately kept their borders closed. This improved India's image worldwide for its goodwill. Highlighting the government's latest decision of resuming the export of vaccines to the under-resourced countries Pm Modi said, "Understanding its responsibility towards humanity, India has once again started giving the vaccine to the needy in the world."
Criticized Pakistan and China
PM Modi referred to the issue regarding the "origin of the Covid virus" aka China and the cancellation of the World Bank's "Ease of Doing Business Index", pointing towards China for lack of transparency in the global institutions. Turning towards Pakistan he argued, "...Countries with regressive thinking that are using terrorism as a political tool needs to understand that terrorism is an equally big threat for them. It has to be ensured that Afghanistan isn't used to spread terrorism or launch terror attacks..."
Protect our oceans
70% of the earth is water, oceans being a massive part of it. PM Modi added on making optimal use of oceans as a life resource. "Our oceans are also the lifeline of international trade. We must protect them from the race for expansion. The international community must speak in one voice to strengthen a rule-based world order," he added in his address at the 76th UNGA session.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi also spoke on the climate crisis, his speech can be seen as an effort based on evidence to transform India's image on an international platform for crisis management.
- PM Modi's 'Make in India' will not work unless there is a strategic ... ›
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch the Indian Space Association (ISpA) on October 11 through video conferencing wherein he will also interact with representatives of the Space Industry on the landmark occasion. - NewsGram - Lens to India from Abroad ›
The 76th United Nations General Assembly session opened discussion on 14th September. The high-level General debate began on 21st September and it will continue till 27th September. The agenda of this year's UNGA session is 'Building Resilience through hope to recover from COVID-19, rebuild sustainably, respond to the needs of the planet, respect the rights of people, and revitalize the United Nations'. Only 109 heads of state and government will attend the session in person and approximately 60 other speakers will address the debate via pre-recorded video statements due to the ongoing pandemic.
PM Narendra Modi is the first world leader who has been scheduled to address the General Assembly. He landed in New York at 6:00 AM (IST). "Landed in New York City. Will be addressing the UNGA at 6:30 PM (IST) on the 25th," he tweeted. He was received at the airport by India's permanent representative to the UN ambassador Mr. T S Tirumurti and ambassador of India to the USA Mr. Taranjit Singh Sandhu.
Follow NewsGram on Facebook to stay updated.
Before leaving for US PM Modi said, "I will be visiting the USA from 22-25 September 2021 at the invitation of His Excellency President Joe Biden of the United States of America. During my visit, I will review the India-US Comprehensive Global Strategic Partnership with President Biden and exchange views on regional and global issues of mutual interest".
During his 5-day visit to the US PM Modi held his first bilateral meeting with President Joe Biden in the oval office of the white house. It was their first in-person meet-up after meeting on virtual mode on three different occasions. He also held a meeting with US Vice President Kamala Harris joined by the Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison and Prime Minister of Japan Yoshihide Suga. He held one on one meeting with the CEOs of some top companies like Qualcomm, Adobe, First Solar, General Atomics, and Blackstone. PM Modi participated in the Quad Summit held on Friday, in which the fight against Covid, climate change counterterrorism, along free and open Indo-Pacific, were the key concerns of the discussion. He also took part in Covid-19 Global Summit hosted by US President Joe Biden. Pakistan's role in terrorism was also heavily discussed
PM held a meeting with US Vice President Kamala Harris joined by the Prime Minister of Australia and Japan. Twitter
Today, 25th September 2021 PM Narendra Modi will address the 76th UNGA session at 6:30 PM (IST) which will be live-streamed on various social media platforms like Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube. PM Modi will talk about issues concerning pressing global challenges which will include the COVID-19 pandemic, the need to combat terrorism, climate change, and other important issues. It was in 2019 when PM Modi addressed the UN General Assembly physically as the pandemic went global in 2020, the 75th UNGA was held online where the speakers pre-recorded their speeches. In 2021, the option to pre-record statements has been kept open for the world leaders as the pandemic is worsening in some countries.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will fly back to India after addressing the United Nations General Assembly.
New Delhi: A report appeared on Friday claiming that both China and Russia tried to scuttle the process of the UN General Assembly which recently adopted a negotiating text by consensus for the long-pending Security Council reforms.
The report further said had the Chinese and Russian diplomats succeeded in their ‘stealth operation’, it would have diluted the entire negotiations on unnecessary technicalities which would have meant the UN would be negotiating UNSC reform for years and years without a decision in sight.
However, India, supported by a number of countries, got wind of the ‘stealth operation’ and vehemently opposed the move.
The group led by India even launched a protest at UNGA president, Sam Kutesa’s residence over the weekend, forcing him to remove the offending paragraphs.
The Chinese, however, were not ready to give up without a bigger fight.
The Chinese diplomats approached a number of national capitals to get the text amended before it reached the floor on Monday – the day when it was finally adopted by the UNGA.
Some countries even agreed to support the Chinese, but Bejiing eventually failed to get the numbers that India had.
Interestingly, when all this was happening, the US strangely remained silent – either to see whether could win on its own, or because they are keeping their powder dry to kill the process later, or because they silently supported the Sino-Russian move.
Due to India’s hard lobbying, it apparently became an India-China battle in those last frenzied moments in the UN.
However, seeing the Russians backing the Chinese, after supposedly supporting India’s case for almost half a century, came as a big shocker for New Delhi.
This week, Russia sent its deputy foreign minister, Gennady Gatilov to meet Sujata Mehta in the MEA, after their performance in the UN.
A statement from the Russian embassy said, the two “exchanged opinions on the main aspects of intergovernmental negotiation process considering the current various options for the increase in the United Nations Security Council membership. The Russian Side reaffirmed the readiness to support the Indian candidature for the United Nations Security Council.”
However, India this time has taken the Russian betrayal hard.
As per the report, China and Russia are now planing to take the battle forward and the two are now said to be working on the Jamaican government to remove Courtney Rattray – the main brain behind the UNSC reform text.
If they succeed, Rattray will not be able to head the negotiations on the text and it can be given to someone unfamiliar with the history of the text. If this happens, it would come as a big blow to India.
The UNGA decision to negotiate UNSC reform succeeded on two counts. First, after 23 years there is a text on which the UN can negotiate a reform agenda. Second, in a fair fight, the 13-country group led by China and including Pakistan and Italy called United for Consensus could not drum up enough support for stalling the process.
(with inputs from Zeenews)