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The most significant feature of Indian literature is its diversity which is due to the presence of the country's variety of languages and sub-cultures. And one of the greatest genres of Indian literature is its poetry which can be traced back to the sixth century B.C. From Vedic Sanskrit poems to Urdu poetry that flourished under the Mughal Empire. Since the early 19th century when the Britishers colonized the country, numerous Indian texts were translated to English and were widely read all over the world. . India has historically been the land of notable poets whose exemplary work is world-renowned. Be it romance, sadness, happiness, and all-out other emotions are beautifully described in the pure form of Indian poetry.
Kalidasa is one of the greatest Sanskrit poets of India from the 5th century. He is regarded as one of the greatest poets of all time and he has had a major impact on not only Indian poetry but on world literature. Although most details of his life are subject to speculation. His two epic works of poetry, Kumārasambhava ("Birth of the War God") and Raghuvaṃśa ("Dynasty of Raghu" ) are among the most revered in Indian literature to this day. His plays and poems are primarily based on the Vedas, Puranas, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The drama "Shakuntala" written by Kalidasa was the first Indian drama ever it was later translated into English by Sir William Jones.
A saint respected and admired by Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs, Kabir was a towering figure in 15th century India. He penned down all his poems in the Hindi language and mixing some bits from various dialects including Avadhi, Braj and Bhojpuri. The themes he worked around were on various aspects of life and faith. He is known for being critical of religion – primarily Hinduism and Islam, and the various rituals that came with it. Kabir is most renowned for his Does that are still hugely popular in India and there is numerous reference to them in popular culture.
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Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan' popularly known as 'Mirza Ghalib' is one of the most influential poets of Urdu and the Persian language. He began writing at the tender age of 11 and was married by the age of 13. He spent his life writing poetry for patrons at the Mughal court. Although Ghalib wrote in several genres, he is most popular for his ghazals. Ghalib penned down his poetry reflecting on various topics such as philosophies, existentialism, mysteries of life and many more.
'Amir Khusrow' was popularly known as the Father of Urdu Literature for his poetry Wikimedia Commons
Born in 1253 Sufi Poet, 'Amir Khusrow' was popularly known as the Father of Urdu Literature for his poetry. He has been credited to create the 'qawwali' style in his songwriting. Amīr Khosrow's pentalogy "Khamsah" deals with general themes popular in Islāmic literature. In addition to his poetry, he is known for his several prose works, including the Khazāʾin al-futūḥ ("The Treasure-Chambers of the Victories"), also known by the title Tārīkh-e ʿAlāʾī ("The History of Ala").
A devotee of Lord Krishna, Mirabai was born in 1498 wrote poems exploring topics of divinity, mysticism, and love. She was born as a princess, granddaughter of Rao Dudaji, the third son of Rao Jodhaji, who established the kingdom of the Rathod Dynasty in Rajasthan, she left the kingdom to completely devote herself to Lord Krishna. Although there are no surviving original manuscripts that were penned down by her, as we recollect facts from the ancient time it is discovered that she had been known as a highly influential figure in poetry traditions
Mir Taqi Mir
Born in 1722 in Agra, Mir Taqi Mir entered the world of Urdu poetry at a time when it was considered to have been at its formative stage. His work explores themes of love and spirituality and is rich with pathos drawn from his tragedies including untimely deaths of family members – first his father, then his daughter, son, and wife. Mir Taqi Mir is remembered as Khuda-e-Sukhan which means 'God of Poetry'.
Sarojini Naidu was not only a highly influential poet of Modern India but she was also a highly regarded freedom fighter who served as the President of the Indian National Congress. She is known for her contributions to India's independence against the British. She is popularly called the "Nightingale of India". Her work explores themes such as love, death, patriotism, among others, her poetry has been highly influential and set the tone for modern Indian literary traditions. Her first collection of poems, the widely acclaimed The Golden Threshold, was published in 1905.
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
Aurobindo Gosh is one of the few Indian poets who blended both western and eastern poetic sensibilities. His poetry revolved primarily on themes of spirituality and mortality, as well as involved commentaries on and translations of Vedas, Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita. Later he became a spiritual reformer introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution. "Life" and "The Golden Light" are a few of his popularly known works.
Born in 1934 in Kerala, Kamala Surayya is known for her one-time penned down a ipoem, "Madhavikutty". In this famous piece of writing, she talked about love, betrayal, female sexuality and politics. She was known to portray the women in her poems as human; with desires, pain and emotions just like men. Her writing consisted of vivid descriptions of menstruation, puberty, love, physical intimacy and much more. She is one of the boldest, fearless and among the most influential figures in Indian-English language poetry. Kamala Das (Surayya) has published five collections of poems. In all, she has to her credit more than 200 poems.
Among the most influential and recognized figures from modern Indian literature, Tagore wrote poetry primarily in Bengali. He published his first major poetry collection, Bhanusimha Thakurer Padabali, at the age of 16. His best-known work in poetry, Gitanjali, was published in 1910. for which Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel prize for Literature. Tagore was the first Indian poet to achieve a permanent place within the canon of world literature. His poems express intense romantic and mystic sensibilities. He wasn't just a poet; he was also a composer of highly revered novels, dramas, short stories and even paintings. Tagore composed the national anthems of two nations, India as well as Bangladesh.
Keywords: Poetry, India, poets, Urdu, Persian, Hindi
Many individuals struggle with psychological distress at home because most of us spend the whole day doing nothing. Being trapped inside our homes may seem inconvenient, but if you have the time and patience, the time spent indoors offers the ideal chance to learn new abilities. Whether you want to transform your body by following a daily routine with the help of millions of tutorials available across platforms, or you want to learn coding, cooking, a new language, here are some skills you can learn from the comfort of your home.
- A new language: Learning a new language online from the comfort of one's own home is simple and relatively inexpensive, thanks to apps such as Duolingo and Busuu. Gaining knowledge of a new language improves your communication skills. It allows you to communicate with a more significant number of individuals and open new doors, and expand your perspectives. Although most of us cannot travel due to COVID-19 restrictions, do not allow that to stop you from upskilling yourself.
Gaining knowledge of a new language improves your communication skills. | Photo by Jason Leung on Unsplash
- Writing: When it comes to skills, writing is one of the essential ones you may possess. It is the primary mode of communication for most people, particularly in this day and age with the internet, texting, and social media. Writing also has the added benefit of improving your public speaking abilities. Books, online courses, videos, and, of course, actual writing practice are all excellent resources for learning how to enhance your writing skills.
When it comes to skills, writing is one of the essential ones you may possess. | Photo by NeONBRAND on Unsplash
- Programming: Programming is one of the highest-paying professions available that does not require the completion of a Bachelor's degree. So even if you didn't pursue a degree in computer science in college, you may still benefit from this skill. Understanding the fundamentals of programming allows you to assist in the launch of an application, the optimization of a website for search engines, and the creation or editing of content. Many online platforms are available to assist you in learning to code. Recently, I also enrolled for C/C++ programming on Internshala.
Programming is one of the highest-paying professions available that does not require the completion of a Bachelor's degree. | Photo by Danial Igdery on Unsplash
ALSO READ: Which Is More Important- Degree or Skill?
- Typing Skill: Learning to type quickly and correctly will benefit you in a variety of ways throughout your life, and it should be regarded as a fundamental skill for anybody who intends to work with computers in the future. There are many websites that provide classes to help you learn the fundamentals, and then, after you have mastered the fundamentals, more advanced courses to help you improve your abilities further.
Learning to type quickly and correctly will benefit you in a variety of ways throughout your life. | Photo by Burst on Unsplash
- Video Editing: Video is unquestionably the most powerful marketing and promotional medium available for music, goods, services, news, and educational purposes. There is a strong possibility that video editing may become the next big thing. At the moment, video production does not need large financial investments; just having access to a computer is all that is required if you possess the right video editing skills. Besides YouTube, which has a large number of detailed videos on video editing, you may discover courses on Udemy and Lynda that can assist you in learning the necessary skills
There is a strong possibility that video editing may become the next big thing. | Photo by Ryan Snaadt on Unsplash
Another thing you may do when you're stuck at home is work on your personal development. We should all strive to improve ourselves as individuals. Here are some ways through which can understand the Significance Of Self-Love And How To Nurture It.
Keywords: Skills, home, COVID, pandemic, coding, language, typing, self-love, writing
Bangalore headquartered Script a Hit, is a platform that helps people with ideas, but not the proficiencies, time or resources to turn their thoughts into a novel, to get published or create scripts for audio-visual content production. The idea is to break down the barriers to publication and screenwriting.
The platform is the brainchild of Jaishankar Krishnamurthy, who had aspired to write a novel for over four decades, but due to the lack of time and skills, but it materialised into books. He realised that there must be millions of people in India who may have great ideas but don't have the necessary means to turn their notions into novels. To help such people fulfil their dreams of being a published author, Krishnamurthy along with his wife Krishna Udayasankar, Co-Founder of the company, along with a few friends began 'Script A Hit', a website where anyone's dreams of becoming a published author can come true.
IANSlife caught up with them to get more details on the platform.
Q: How is 'Script a Hit' different from a publishing company?
A: 'Script a Hit' does not aim to publish manuscripts, rather our aim is to help people transform their ideas into manuscripts that can then be submitted to leading publishers, to be published as books. As a result, what we look for in terms of submissions is not the entire manuscript, but a concept note -- the seed of what can be a spectacular novel.
Many people may have amazing ideas but do not have the skills, time or resources to turn that idea into a complete novel. We cater to these individuals by helping bridge the process between idea and manuscript. As a result, once we accept the submitted idea, we employ professional writers to convert the idea into a novel. We then will approach reputed publishing companies to publish the novel.
In short, we see ourselves as adding value by serving as a bridge between the ideator and publishing houses, thereby serving both their needs.
Q: How did the idea of 'Script a Hit' come to your mind? Who is it meant for?
A: The idea came from me, as I had been aspiring to write a novel for four decades but somehow could never complete a single book. Being married to a successful writer, Krishna Udayasankar, who has published many bestsellers, I pitched her a plot, which she then worked on using her exceptional skills. Now, my first book, 'Farside', co-authored with Krishna is forthcoming from Penguin Random House in October 2021.
I have also completed my second novel in collaboration with another writer. The book, 'Mind Games' is currently being pitched to various publishers by the reputed Redink Literary Agency.
For my third book, I engaged a writer to bring an intriguing financial thriller to life. I now have three complete manuscripts, with a fourth in the works, in a span of fewer than two years.
As a result of these experiences, I realised that there are several individuals like me who may not have the time or skills to write, or the resources to convert their unique ideas into novels. 'Script A Hit' is a unique platform for such individuals to realise their dreams of becoming an author or the creative mind behind an audio-visual production -- be it a movie or an OTT series.
Q: How does the idea work?
A: Any person who has an idea can submit a detailed synopsis of their idea by registering at the website. If the idea is selected by the 'Script a Hit' team, we enter into a legal contract with the submitter acquiring the idea with an initial payment of Rs 10,000.
We then employ professional writers, chosen with care to fit the particular genre and proceed to write out the entire manuscript. We will then pitch the manuscript to reputed publishers. Depending upon the idea, we will also simultaneously present a detailed pitch to (audio-visual) content producers. Our aim is to get to the market a great idea in the form of a novel and/or as audio-visual content.
A portion of the proceeds from the royalty from the Publisher and amounts received from content producers will be going to the person who submitted the initial idea, and always, they will get creative credits for the final product.
Q: How many entries have you received till now?
A: We have received around 100 submissions and they are from across India. Right now we are accepting submissions in English, Hindi and Tamil. Except for one submission in Hindi, the rest have been in English. The genre of stories ranges from romance, science fiction and fantasy to crime and thrillers.
Q: In this era of OTT platforms, do you think your platform enables people to sell their ideas to these platforms. Also, how is it benefitting your brand?
A: There has been a behavioural change in viewership of late, highlighted all the more due to Covid. Many people, who previously watched only broadcast TV content are now consuming content on OTT platforms faster than such content can be produced. The same goes for a readership of books. We aim to meet the steep increase in demand for new stories across various kinds of media by translating the best of ideas into the most captivating content.
We have the unique advantage of having onboard an accomplished writer, Krishna Udayasankar, who has optioned all of her novels to date to content producers, including the likes of Disney Hotstar and Phantom Films. She has also been engaged to write screenplays for web series, which are currently being pitched to leading OTT Platforms.
Also on board is Neha Lamba Grover, formerly of Star TV and now working with HCL Technologies in their Media Telecom sector in the US, dealing with a broad content-production client base. She brings both her contacts and considerable expertise in audio-visual content production to the table.
These, combined with our unique vision, make us a game-changer brand in the world of literary and audio-visual entertainment.
(N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe can be contacted at email@example.com)
Spending more time on the Internet improved academic performance and also led to more disciplinary problems among students, said a US-based study. The study published in the Journal of Marketing Research indicated that it also led to an improvement in commended performance in math, reading, writing, and social studies.
Interestingly, the researchers noted these improvements were stronger for students who lived in counties with greater internet access. “Investments in internet access provide clear and meaningful academic benefits yet schools need to implement policies to address increased disciplinary issues such as cyberbullying,” said researcher Vikas Mittal, Professor at Rice University in the US.
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For the study, the team created a multi-year dataset (2000-14) of 1,243 school districts representing more than 9,000 Texas public schools. The team measured internet access spending, 11 academic performance indicators, and 47 types of school disciplinary problems. It used econometric techniques to develop causal estimates linking internet access spending to academic performance and disciplinary problems.
Using student earning, the researchers calculated the economic impact of increased annual internet spending. The team also calculated how much economic benefit a school district’s internet access would bring students during their lifetimes. It found that a $600,000 increase in annual internet access spending produces a financial gain of nearly $820,000 to $1.8 million per school district, together with losses from disciplinary problems totaling $25,800 to $53,440. (IANS/SP)