The Supreme Court on Monday allowed Italian marine Massimilano Latorre – accused with his colleague Salvatore Girone of killing two Indian fishermen off the Kerala coast in February 2012 after mistaking them for pirates – another six months to stay home in Italy on health grounds.
Chief Master Sergeant Latorre’s plea for extension was not opposed by the government. Ordering the extension, starting from July 15, a bench of Justice Anil R. Dave, Justice Kurian Joseph and Justice Amitava Roy asked Latorre to file an undertaking, within a week, that he would abide by the conditions.
The court had on September 12, 2014 allowed Latorre to go to Italy for four months for treatment, recovery and rehabilitation after he suffered a brain stroke, and on January 14, had extended by three months, till April 12, his stay for his recovery after heart surgery.
On April 9, the court had allowed Latorre to continue to stay in Italy for another three months, a period that would end July 15.
On Monday, the bench also sought the central government’s response on an application by the Italian government seeking the stay of proceedings before the apex court, as it has moved for arbitration under Convention of Seas on the issue of jurisdiction of India to try its marines.
Maintaining that India had jurisdiction to try two marines as the offence had taken place within the Indian territorial waters, Additional Solicitor General P.S.Narsimha, appearing for the Indian government, told the court that being a signatory to the International Convention, it would be participating in the arbitration invoked by Italy.
The court gave the government two weeks time to file its reply to the fresh Italian government plea and gave another two weeks to Italy to file its rejoinder.
The government had, on February 24, 2014, informed the court that it was not invoking the anti-piracy law, Suppression of Unlawful Act against the safety of Maritime Navigation and Fixed Platforms on Continental Shelf Law (SUA) against Latorre and Girone.
In the wake of this decision, the marines and the Italian government have taken a position that once a case is not made out under this law, then the jurisdiction of NIA as an investigating agency also goes and they have challenged its continuation in the role.
New Delhi, Oct 10: The National Investigation Agency (NIA) on Tuesday said it has arrested one accused of organising Kerala Terror Camp Case in Kannur district in 2013.
The person arrested was identified as Azharudeen aka Azhar, 24, a resident of Narath in Kerala.
An NIA official told IANS that Azhar was arrested on Monday night. He would be produced before the trial court in Ernakulam later on Tuesday.
The counter-terror agency said the arrest involved April 23, 2013, case when the secret training camp was organised by Thanal Foundation Trust inside one of its building to impart training in using of swords and explosives.
On January 20, 2016, the National Investigation Agency Special court had found 21 persons of the Popular Front of India (PFI) guilty of the charges including criminal conspiracy, membership of unlawful assembly, possession of arms and explosive substances, inciting communal disharmony, assertions prejudicial to national integration besides organising the terrorist camp.
The case was first registered by the state police, before it was taken over by the NIA in August 2013.(IANS)
August 17, 2017: A Hindu girl, Ravita Meghwar living in a village in Pakistan for 16 years was recently married off to a Muslim Man. The family members of the Hindu girl believe that the kidnappers drugged them and abdicated their daughter. Ravita who was rechristened to Gulnaz says she eloped and married by her own choice.
In the recent years, case after case has been reported of Hindu girls converting to Islam in the courts in Pakistan’s southern eastern Sindh province which is also the home to the majority of Pakistani Hindus. Lower-caste and low-income Hindus in Sindh work on farmlands for powerful, rich landowners as a result of which they face discrimination and are often cut off from the Hindu community at large.
The purportedly forcible conversions of Hindus have almost similar pattern in the cases. Targeting of minor girls has deeply disturbed the Hindu population in Pakistan.
The alarming situation feeds into a wider judgment-
Today Pakistan is deemed as an Islamic nationalist state where hardline religious groups are an intimidating force, and religious minorities are voiceless.
Pakistan was established as a Muslim state in 1947 where the country’s founder Mohammad Ali Jinnah proclaimed that the religious minorities should have the independence to live in the nation and follow their religion, however, as the time elapsed such has not been the scenario
The prominent Islamic religious organizations are striving hard to convert Hindu girls to Islam due to which some Hindus are leaving their settlements and migrating to other cities in Pakistan, or even so leaving Pakistan completely and departing to India. The community of Hindus in Pakistan has sharply declined from roughly 23 per cent in 1947 to barely 6 per cent presently owing to coerced conversions, suppression and oppression in Pakistan, mentioned ANI.
Ravita Meghwar’s brother-in-law, Lajpat Meghwadh says with respect to the issue, “The person who Ravita has gone off with has no connection to the family, except that they had a dispute. He has never come to our house”.
There are two contradictory perceptions from both the religious groups- while the Hindu activists claim that young girls are kidnaped, forced into converting to Islam, and wedded to Muslim men in an orderly manner, the Muslim leaders are defensive about the issue saying that conversions are a way of meriting blessings. Shockingly, these conversions are often strengthened by powerful muslim clerics and local politicians which assert that the girl voluntarily flew, converted, and married.
This poses a hurdle for lawyers who have to decide the justice for such cases. And in most of the cases, the girl’s assertion to marry at her own will settles the case, whereas her parents live in denial.`
Forced conversions became the focal point of the nation in 2012 when three Hindu girls were reported to have been forcibly converted to Islam and married to Muslim men.
Before we know what those cases were, here is a brief understanding of ‘Love Jihad’:
Where did Love Jihad come from?
In Islam, ‘Jihad’ typically means struggle or battle for a religious cause. Hence, ‘Love Jihad’ basically is a push to instill infatuation in girls of religious minorities by feigning love and hopes of marriage. In 2009, there were claims of forceful religious conversions in Kerala and Mangalore. In 2009, Justice KT Sankaran (Retd.), observed there were indications of forceful religious conversions in Kerala and that the government should mull over a law to prohibit such instances. “Under the pretext of love, there cannot be any compulsive, deceptive conversion,” the court said.
Some of the famous cases of Love Jihad:
In 2014, a case of Kaleem and Shalu Tyagi’s love affair from Meerut caught national attention which was pitched as a case of ‘Love Jihad’.
In the same year, another famous case where a national-level shooter Tara Shahdeo alleged that the person whom she thought to be a Hindu was actually a Muslim and that her in-laws were coercing her to convert to Islam.
This year, again with the Hadiya case, ‘Love Jihad’ came into recognition. The Kerala High Court declared the marriage of a Hindu girl and Muslim man null and void after the woman’s father testified that his daughter has been recruited by Islamic State (IS) in Syria. After this, the Muslim husband approached the Supreme court seeking justice. On Wednesday, NIA stated that ‘Love Jihad existed’ in a response to SC orders. The agency further claimed it was not a distinctive incident on the part of Love Jihad campaign but a ‘pattern’ that has been emerging in Kerala, mentioned PTI.
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Aug 05, 2017: The Supreme Court on Friday issued a notice to National Investigation Agency (NIA) and the Government of Kerala to file a response to a Muslim man’s petition. The Muslim man was married to a Hindu woman, however, their marriage was invalidated by the Kerala High Court by claiming it to be a love jihad practice. Chief Justice Supreme Court J.S. Khehar and Justice D.Y. Chandrachud has asked the country’s top anti-terrorism investigation agency and the Hindu woman’s father to submit all documents related to the matter within one week.
The court has told NIA and father, “This is a very sensitive issue. It is a serious matter … It is advised to keep all the documents with you”, mentioned in Zee News report. The court fixed the next hearing on August 16. The Kerala High Court canceled the marriage of 24-year-old Hindu woman, Hadiya on May 25. The Hindu woman married a Muslim person in December 2016.The court had directed Hadiya to stay near her parents until the next hearing.
The woman’s husband Shafin Jahan (27) challenged the order of the High Court in the apex court. In his petition, the order has been described as an insult to women’s freedom in India. Urging the court to order Hadiya’s father to appear before the Supreme Court, Shafin’s lawyer claimed that the woman had accepted Islam only two years before her marriage.
On behalf of Hadiya’s father, advocate Madhavi Diwan said that Hadiya was a helpless victim who was stuck in a gang, which uses psychological methods to inspire people to adopt Islam. The lawyer said that Jahan is a criminal and his daughter is caught in a network related to the Popular Front of India and the IS.
– prepared by Naina Mishra of Newsgram. Twitter @Nainamishr94