Thursday, July 9, 2020
Home Uncategorized Ayurveda Prakriti classification has genetic basis: Study

Ayurveda Prakriti classification has genetic basis: Study

By Nithin Sridhar

Ayurveda is among the oldest systems of health, medicine and holistic living. The central philosophy of Ayurveda revolves around facilitating each individual to understand his/her own body and mind, so that he/she can cultivate a healthy lifestyle accordingly.

To this effect, Ayurveda recognizes that each individual has a particular temperament and constitution (Prakriti) that is formed during the union of sperm and ovum itself, and hence it is genetic in origin.

Prakriti Classification of Individuals

Ayurveda classifies people into three categories of Prakriti based on the Dosha and the associating elements and Gunas (refers to 3 qualities – Sattva etc.) that are prominent in each individual. Doshas are three in number: Vata (related to movement), Pitta (related to digestion), and Kapha (related to cumulation).

Based upon which Dosha is predominant in an individual, people are classified into three categories of PrakritiVata, Pitta and Kapha.

Further, Ayurveda defines health and illness in terms of equilibrium or imbalance in these Doshas. If a person’s Doshas are in sync with his Prakriti, then such a person is healthy. If the proportion of Doshas significantly differ from his Prakriti, then there is imbalance that leads to illness.

Thus, Prakriti classification not only plays a central role in cultivating a healthy lifestyle, but also in diagnosing the illness of a patient. Further, without knowing the Prakriti of an individual, no treatment is possible in Ayurveda.

Genetic basis of Prakriti Classification

For long, the correlation between Genomics and Prakriti classification was hypothesized. Many studies in the past have tried to establish the correlation as well. But a recent paper published in Nature journal by a team of Indian scientists has come upon definite results that clearly establishes a genetic basis for Prakriti classification.

The scientists screened a total of 3416 healthy men located at different geographical locations and belonging to diverse linguistic and ethnic groups. Out of 3416 men, 262, who could be clearly classified into various Prakriti types based on their examination by senior Ayurveda physicians as well as Ayurveda software, were selected.

The scientists conducted a genome wide ‘single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)’ analysis on those 262 subjects. The analysis revealed that there were 52 SNPs (genetic variations) that were prominently different from the three Prakriti types. Using the principal component analysis of these 52 SNPs, the scientists successfully classified their 262 subjects into their Prakriti types.

The scientists further validated their findings by further analyzing samples of 297 Indians with known ancestry. The highlight of the study is that, the scientists were able to classify subjects into Prakriti types using SNP’s irrespective of their ancestry. Further, they found a gene PGM1 that correlates with Prakriti type-Pitta.

The study thus clearly establishes a genetic basis of Ayurvedic classification of individuals based on Prakriti and has provided scientific evidence for the same. This marks another successful attempt at bridging the gap between Ayurveda and evidence based scientific approach.

STAY CONNECTED

18,992FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,783FollowersFollow

Most Popular

‘HotShots’, TikTok-like Short Video App by Ganna

Joining the short-video making app race, music streaming service Gaana on Wednesday launched HotShots - a platform to create and share short viral videos...

Foods that will Help Improve Your Sleep

There is a strong correlation between sleep quality and dietary patterns. High intake of confectionary and noodles was associated with poor sleep quality, whereas...

Here’s How Remdesivir Can Save Lives in Nations with Lower Hospital Capacity

Amid news that the US has bought up virtually the entire global supply of remdesivir, a new study outlines how the drug could save...

Instagram brings TikTok-like Feature to India

With the ban on TikTok creating a huge vacuum for the 15-second videos in the Indian Internet space, Facebook-owned Instagram on Wednesday announced the...

Smartphones not a Barrier to Parenting: Research

Parents may worry that spending time on their smartphones has a negative impact on their relationships with their children, however, a new study found...

Meditation Increases Immunity, says Research

Heartfulness meditation improves immunity against infections and cancer and is an effective adjunct in the treatment of several autoimmune disorders, a study said. In the...

Here Are Some Precautions to Take While Dining Out Amid Pandemic

There is some risk, but health officials say there are precautions you can take to minimize the chances you'll be exposed to the virus. Ordering...

High BP Medications May Also Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk

Researchers have now claimed that medications commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure may also reduce patients' colorectal cancer risk. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-i)...

Recent Comments