Saturday December 7, 2019

Bhagavad Gita: From despondency to Yoga

0
//

Bhagavad-Gita

By Gaurav Sharma

In the midst of the serpentine armies, the warriors blow their conch-shells. At the grand setting, Arjuna, the finest archer, asks Krishna, his friend and guide to chariot him between the two armies.

Arjuna has an eagle-eye view of the battlefield. Overwhelmed by the stack of relatives and teachers rallying against him, Arjuna is stricken with grief and despondency at the thought of fighting his kith and kin.

Despondency

He lays down his famed Gandiva bow and begins arguing against the futility of war before Krishna. The stage is set for an epic dialogue to quell man’s eternal dilemma, the delusions of mind.

The despondency of Arjuna represents the perpetual conflicts, recurring contradictions and precarious predicaments that each one of us experiences but chooses only to contemplate and introspect when beset with psychological upheavals and mental breakdowns.

The moments of inner turmoil or the moral dilemmas erupting on the screen of the mind, in fact, act as an impetus for traversing the path and the goal of Yoga.

Multitudinal Yoga

The word Yoga is interpreted in myriad ways. The popular conception of Yoga as merely a series of bodily postures, techniques of meditation and art of breath control is rather fallacious.

Yoga means “to unite”, or “to join”. Panini, the 6th Century Sanskrit grammarian says the term Yoga is derived from either of the two roots– Yujir (to yoke) or Yuj samadhu (to concentrate).

According to Ved Vyasa, the first commentator on the Yoga-Sutras, Yoga means Samadhi (concentration). Those who are practicing the art of concentration are said to be yogis or yoginis.

Etymologically, combining or uniting implies the existence of more than one element. In this case, it indicates duality. This is the reason why yoga is most commonly used as a compound word, such as bhakti-yoga, gyana-yoga, raja-yoga, karma-yoga….., pointing towards union through devotion, knowledge, meditation and action respectively.

Some practitioners contend that aforementioned prefixes before yoga connote the substratum of Yoga, a series of progressive steps which form a ladder towards moksha or liberation. Yet, others believe that Yoga, in the compound form, is a means to achieve the ends that are the prefixes of bhakti, gyana and karma.

For moralists, Yoga incorporates ethical concepts directed towards leading a ‘sagely’ introspective life. The Tantriks see it as a way to enter other bodies and the Mahayana Buddhists view it as pure cognition, keen perception and discerning intellect.

According to Vivekananda, (the Vedantin), Yoga assumes a broader concept that includes the aforementioned prefixes (bhakti, gyana, karma..) as a means to achieving the end of Yoga itself. Yoga is both the means and the end. Yoga is the goal of Yoga.

Then there are others who view Yoga as an expansion of consciousness. Paramhamsa Yogananda, the post-Vivekananda yoga-guru used the term kriya-yoga to define the means to attain communion.

Kriya (literally meaning action) represents spontaneous bodily action arising from the flow of energy (kundalini). Kundalini is graphically represented as a coiled-up snake, denoting the tied-up bundle of energy within the human body.

Patanjali (1)
Patanjali in his Kundalini form

Symbolic meaning

The characters of Bhagavad Gita are also symbolic of our daily struggles.

For instance, Arjuna’s unwillingness to fight the battle with his own relatives refers to our own indecisiveness in discerning right from wrong. His doubts and delusions are compared to demons by Krishna. The scathing remark “do not succumb to such degrading impotence”, warns us of the pitfalls of choosing not to act.

Yet, everyday we choose to be a passive observer, a silent watcher of the evils of society that happen right beneath our eyes. Performance of our duties and abiding by our essential nature (Dharma) makes imminent and practical sense, yet we choose to lie in a sea of inactivity.

There is even a psychological underpinning to every character and name in the Gita. When the blind king Dhritarashta inquires from Sanjaya: Tell me Sanjaya, what did the sons of Pandu and my sons do when they assembled on the field of Kurukshetra?, it is an allusion to the fact that our blind mind (Dhritrashtra) should take instructions from the divine insight (Sanjaya)

The mind or manas is under a deluge of sensory activities whereas the Buddhi (intellect) is the doorway to truth. Amidst the opposing forces, the Ego or ahamkara, as represented by grandsire Bhishma is pulled into a tug of war, impeding the journey towards communion.

A vivid analogy describes this field of activity, the tug of war, in its most fulfilling form:

“The body is the chariot pulled by the five horses (sensory organs) towards different sense objects. The mind is the reign of the horses which receives impulses and sends relay from/to the charioteer. Intelligence is the charioteer that controls and guides the horses.”

Uncontrolledsenses
Uncontrolled senses as represented in Kathopanishad

Ensconced behind the web of words and concepts lies a treasure trove of wisdom. The right approach awaits its deciphering, one that defines the goal of life. Further delving into the mysteries of life through Bhagavad Gita’s lens in the next article.

Next Story

Yoga Can Help To Overcome Insomnia: Study

Reduced sleep leads to inflammation which leads to causes high blood pressure, glucose intolerance and both of which can increase heart and stroke risk

0
Yoga
Here are some types of Yoga that make you feel sleepy. Such as Shavasana, Vajrasana, Bhramari Pranayam, etc. Doing these regularly will also get rid of insomnia problem and fatigue will be completely removed. Pixabay

Sleepless flocks take a note, researchers have found people who have trouble sleeping may be more prone to stroke, heart attack or other cardiovascular diseases. Do Yoga and you can feel sleepy, Indian experts said.

Health experts here have found solution to the problems raised by the Chinese experts. According to them yogas — Shavasana, Vajrasana and Bhramari Pranayam along with a healthy diet may curb the sleeplessness.

According to Sahil Kohli, Consultant, Neurology at Narayana Superspeciality Hospital in Gurugram, research has shown that more risk of having a stroke or brain attack is there if you have insomnia and this risk is even more pronounced in the age group of 18-34 years.

“Reduced sleep leads to inflammation which leads to causes high blood pressure, glucose intolerance and both of which can increase heart and stroke risk.

“Frequently seen in clinical practice that chronic insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea are responsible for Atrial fibrillation which is also linked to stroke risk,” Kohli told IANS.

“It is highly advisable that patients who have reduced sleep and even those who feel fatigued even after sleep at night needs evaluation for sleep disorders which can be evaluated by a sleep study,” Kohli suggested.

Yoga
Sleepless flocks take a note, researchers have found people who have trouble sleeping may be more prone to stroke, heart attack or other cardiovascular diseases. Do Yoga and you can feel sleepy, Indian experts said. Pixabay

The study, published in the journal Neurology, involved 487,200 people in China with an average age of 51. Participants had no history of stroke or heart disease at the beginning of the study.

The people were then followed for an average of about 10 years. During that time, there were 130,032 cases of stroke, heart attack and other similar diseases.

People who had all three symptoms of insomnia were 18 per cent more likely to develop these diseases than people who did not have any symptoms.

According to Atul Prasad, Director in Neurology Department at BLK Super Speciality Hospital in New Delhi, there have been multiple studies linking chronic insomnia to the occurrence of stroke.

“Of late there have been multiple studies postulating an increased risk of stroke in patients with chronic insomnias (via increased cortisol levels and inflammation), and in cases of periodic limb movement syndromes leading on to hypercoagulable state,” Prasad told IANS.

He added that the evidence is convincing in greater part to the increased risk of stroke in individuals with sleep disorders and robust evaluation of the same in concordance with a neurologist or pulmonologist is mandated for correct diagnosis and further risk stratification of these patients.

According to the doctors, if you are facing any such problem related to sleep, then follow these tips.

*No matter how busy your routine is, but to get good sleep, it is most important that you set a time for your sleep.

*For deep sleep, you can also play light instrumental music in the bedroom, which will give you peace of mind and sleep will come quickly, the doctor said.

Yoga
Health experts here have found solution to the problems raised by the Chinese experts. According to them Yoga — Shavasana, Vajrasana and Bhramari Pranayam along with a healthy diet may curb the sleeplessness. Pixabay

*After working all day, if you stick to a computer or TV even in your rest moments, then make a distance from them, at least before sleeping, start avoiding working on the computer, Prasad suggested.

*He also asked people to follow a healthy diet.

ALSO READ: Intel Brings Latest Design and Engineering Centre in Hyderabad

“There are some types of yoga that make you feel sleepy. Such as Shavasana, Vajrasana, Bhramari Pranayam, etc. Doing these regularly will also get rid of insomnia problem and fatigue will be completely removed,” he concluded. (IANS)