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Climate Resilient Initiatives in Urban Transport: Towards greener Delhi

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By Atul Mishra

While strolling back to home from work yesterday, I happened to notice at the Central Secretariat metro station, a ‘green corner’ which was an installation where one could sit and relax. But it was more than just a place of relaxing detour. It was an exhibition of green initiatives by Delhi Metro titled “Climate Resilient Initiatives in Urban Transport.” I stood there for a moment and read the descriptive standees. The installation claimed the initiatives under three categories- Green Initiatives, Solar Initiatives and Socio-economic Benefits.

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The Green corner, “Climate Resilient Initiatives in Urban Transport”

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Green Delhi. A giant leap to reduce carbon content in the air and fight global warming

 

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It says- Delhi Metro carries  lakhs of people to their chosen destination everyday. It also saves lives, prevents accidents and reduces pollution levels. Reduction in the number of vehicles from the roads of the city everyday – 1,17,249. Annual reduction in fuel consumption – 1,06,493 tonnes. Annual reduction in pollutants – 6 3 Lakh tonnes. Saving in time per trip – 28 minutes. Annual reduction in fatal accidents -111. Annual reduction in all accidents – 591.

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It says- Installing “Grid connected” Solar plants under RESCO model. Total potential of 50 MWp Solar capacity assessed for total network. Central financial assistance (CFA) for 20 MWp approved by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. Of India. 11 MWp PPA signed with Developers selected through Open Tender. Solar plants of capacity of 2.8 (2.794) MWp commissioned till date. In Faridabad line — Solar Plant of 1.7 MWp capacity is commissioned. Solar plant of 150 kWp at each station, totalling to 1200 kWp. 450 kWp is installed at Ajronda Depot. Faridabad Receiving Substation provided with 50 kWp Plant.

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It says- First Metro and Railway system in the world registered under the United Nations Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for Regenerative Braking & Modal Shift. Earning Carbon Credits for reducing Green House Gas Emissions by reducing pollution levels in the city by 6.3 lakh tons every year. Carbon Credits earning per annum: Modal Shift — 4.5 Lakh; Regenerative Braking — 47,000. Trains are equipped with Regenerative Braking. 5.26 Unit of energy is regenerated per kilometer.  Regenerative braking in Lifts (Energy Saving of 15%). Rain water harvesting at all stations and via-duct. First Metro system in the world to be registered with prestigious Gold Standard Foundation. All Phase-III stations are being designed as ‘Green Buildings’. Energy efficient on line UPS for emergency system and lighting. Plants ten saplings for every tree ought to cut.

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History Of Metro Rail In India

Starting with underground railway system in Kolkata the metro rail has come a long way

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By Ruchika Verma 

  • Metro Rails are one of the easiest and most comfortable ways of commuting
  • Starting with underground railway system in Kolkata the metro rail has come a long way
  • Delhi Metro was the first modern metro rail in India

Railways are definitely one of the largest and most convenient forms of transportation. And metro rail is more than convenient, it is the lifeline of most of the metropolitan cities in India.

Metro is one of the easiest way of commuting. Pixabay
Metro is one of the easiest ways of commuting. Pixabay

Metro has made everyday commute very easy for people. It is time-saving, cost-effective and most of all, convenient and comfortable. However, what really is the history of metro rail in India? When did it start and where was the first metro in India started?

Wherever Metro is available, people are using it to its fullest. It is natural to be curious about its history too, here is a brief history of metro in India.

The First Metro in India

Delhi may be the first city where modern metro rail system was introduced, but it is not the first city which saw the first metro system in India.

The first metro rail in India was introduced in kolkata. www.railnews.co.in
The first metro rail in India was introduced in Kolkata. www.railnews.co.in

The first metro system was introduced in Kolkata and it completely an underground one. The idea of an underground railway system was conceived by the then Chief Miniter of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy in the 1950s. The first Kolkata Metro was run on run on 24 October 1984 between Dam Dam to Tollygunge. And since then many plans have laid out and carried out successfully to expand the metro rail system in Kolkata.

Also Read: 10 llittle-knownfacts about Delhi Metro which makes it distinct

How The Other Cities Followed

The history of metro in India may have started in Kolkata. But the modern metro rail history in India definitely starts with Delhi. When one is talking about the history of Metro, one of the most prominent names which come to our mind is, Elattuvalapil Sreedharan, also popularly known as the ‘Metro Man’. He was the mastermind behind the Delhi Metro. The popularity of metro rail system in India is all a fruit of his hard work, efforts and dedication.

Delhi Metro is undoubtedly the lifeline of Delhi and is also a benchmark in the history of metro in India. Wikimedia Commons
Delhi Metro is undoubtedly the lifeline of Delhi and is also a benchmark in the history of Metro in India. Wikimedia Commons

The first metro in Delhi was run in 2002, which was the Red Line. After it, the Rapid Metro Rail Gurgaon started in November 2013. It was India’s first privately owned & operated metro.

Metro rail in India uses both standard gauges and broad gauges.  Delhi Metro used broad gauge for their earliest lines, but the new metros in other states like Mumbai Metro and Bangalore Metro as well are using the standard gauge.

The metro systems are now also developed in Jaipur, Hyderabad and Chennai. Soon, the metro will also be functional in Lucknow.

Also Read: ‘Delhi Metro Cruelly Killed my ‘Achhe Din” : Here is why Passengers are dumping the popular mode of travel

Metro was introduced in Mumbai in the year 2014.
Metro was introduced in Mumbai in the year 2014.

Metro has come a long way and has even a longer way to go. The developments are going at a fast pace and without a doubt, new and better technologies are in store for all of us in India.