Monday December 18, 2017

Dhanvantari: The father of Ayurveda

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Father of Ayurveda: Dhanvantari
Lord Dhanvantari Photo: blog.onlineprasad.com

By Nithin Sridhar

Ayurveda is among the greatest contributions of India to the world. It is not only a system of medicine, but is also a system of holistic living that imparts physical, mental, and spiritual health of an individual.

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The Ayurvedic tradition has been passed on from teachers to students for many thousand years now. The tradition holds that Ayurveda was revealed by Lord Dhanvantari who is considered as the physician of the Devas (gods) and the father of Ayurveda.

Today, i.e. Trayodashi that falls before Deepavali, is the birth anniversary of Lord Dhanvantari. This birth anniversary is celebrated across the world by Ayurveda practitioners, as well as other Hindus as ‘Dhanvantari Trayodashi’.

Dhanvantari: The incarnation of Lord Vishnu

According to Puranas, when Devas (gods) and Asuras (demons) churned the ocean for Amrita (nectar of immortality), it was Lord Dhanvantari who came out of the ocean with a pot of Amrita. Thus, Dhanvantari is clearly a lord who grants long life and immortality. Bhagavata Purana (2.7.21) calls Dhanvantari as God himself, who is a curer of diseases, who has imparted to the world the knowledge of long life i.e. Ayurveda.

He is often represented as a God with four hands (similar to Vishnu) carrying Shankha (conch), Chakra (disc), leech, and a pot containing Amrita. Leeches play an important role in Ayurvedic treatment.

Therefore, in Hindu tradition Lord Dhanvantari represents twin aspects of curer of diseases and a granter of long life and immortality. Thus, he is clearly identified with all aspects of health, medicine, and holistic living.

Dhanvantari: The Father of Ayurveda

Apart from Lord Dhanvantari who is the personification of health itself, the Bhagavata Purana and Ayurvedic tradition speak about at least two other Dhanvantari who lived and practiced Ayurveda at different periods. Bhagavata Purana (9.17.4) speaks about a Dhanvantari (also Adi-Dhanvantari) who was the son of Dhirgatama in the Pururava dynasty. It describes this person as an incarnation of Vishnu and as the inaugurator of the knowledge of Ayurveda.

This Adi Dhanvantari is believed to have divided Ayurveda into eight divisions: Kayacikitsa (Internal Medicine), Kaumarabhrtya (Pediatrics), Bhutavidya (Psychiatry), Salakyatantra (Otto-Rhino-Laryngology & Ophthalmology), Salyatantra (Surgery), (vi) Visatantra (Toxicology), (vii) Rasayanatantra (Geriatrics), (viii) Vajikaranatantra (The therapy for male sterility)

Another person who is identified as Dhanvantari is Divodasa, the great-grand son of Adi-Dhanvantari (the son of Dhirgatama). He is believed to have been living around 3000 BC, according to some scholars. Divodasa Dhanvantari was the teacher of Susruta, the famous Ayurvedic physician and is prominently mentioned in the Susruta-Samhita.

Divodasa Dhanvantari has made enormous contributions to Ayurveda. Though he has not written any Ayurvedic treatise, his teachings could be seen through Susruta-Samhita. He was responsible for the division of Ayurvedic surgery into two main branches: Salyatantra and Salakyatantra. He has given extensive lectures on methodology and intricacies of surgery, which has been recorded by Susruta.

Regarding surgery, Divodasa Dhanvantari instructed Susruta thus: “Hear me discourse on the science of surgery (Salyatantra) which is the oldest of all the branches of Ayurveda… All hold this tantra to be the most important of all the branches of Ayurveda inasmuch as instantaneous effects can be produced with the help of such measures as surgical operations, external application of Ksaras (alkalies/caustics), cauterisation, etc., and inasmuch as it contains all that can be found in other branches of Ayurveda as well.” Agnivesasamhita also makes several references to the views of Divodasa Dhanvantari.

Dhanvantari Trayodashi

The festival is an auspicious time to remember Dhanvantari and worship him. The festival is both about worshipping Lord Vishnu who as Lord Dhanvantari sustains the health of all creatures, and worshipping Dhanvantaris– the human teachers of Ayurveda who transmitted the knowledge of Ayurveda for the good of the world.

Bhagavata Purana (9.17.4) says that one who remembers Dhanvantari will be made free from all diseases. Thus, people should remember and worship Dhanvantari on this sacred day and try to inculcate the life practices taught by those teachers for attaining health and happiness.

References:

  1. Bhagavata Purana
  2. Does Ayurveda Begin With Dhanvantari, The Ancient Physician By D.P. Agrawal

  • Jagpreet Kaur Sandhu

    This is surprising! The most prestigious ancient knowledge is given by this Lord. So Thankful! Ayurveda is simply life.

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R Madhavan Gifts Himself an Indian Roadmaster Worth Rs 40 Lakhs on Diwali

Maddy declares himself as a proud Indian posing with the Roadmaster for his Instagram followers.

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R Madhavan
R Madhavan with his Diwali gift the Indian Roadmaster. Instagram

New Delhi, October 24: Ranganathan Madhavan, admiringly called as R Madhavan or Maddy is known for his romantic films and his exquisite love for two wheels. This Diwali R Madhavan has upgraded his garage with an exclusive product by Indian Motorcycles’ flagship – the Roadmaster. The best owner, R Madhavan gifted himself this luxurious vehicle to make his Diwali all the more memorable and he took to Instagram to share the arrival of his prized possession.

Maddy declares himself as a proud Indian posing with the Roadmaster for his Instagram followers.

R Madhavan
R Madhavan shares the arrival picture of his Roadmaster. Instagram.

The Roadmaster is one of the most deluxe and classy cruiser motorcycles, with vintage style that costs around 40-45Lakhs. With supreme structure on the outer part, the Roadmaster has all the modern technology for smoother and comfortable rides.

As for the entertainment factor, the Roadmaster is acquired of that as well. With a 7-inch touchscreen system, it provides access to music, navigation, health and more. That’s not all. A smartphone can be combinedly used with the motorcycle with USB and Bluetooth connectivity.

-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana

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Was the Ban on Sale of Firecrackers in Delhi Successful? Data on Pollution Levels in Delhi Say Otherwise

Despite the much talked about cracker-ban, pollution monitoring stations placed the capital in the ‘red zone’, indicating ‘very poor’ air quality.

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While the ban on crackers imposed by the Supreme Court aimed to reduce pollution levels in Delhi, figures from pollution monitoring system paint an unhealthy picture with amplified levels of air pollution. (Representative image) Pixabay

New Delhi, October 20, 2017: The Supreme Court had on October 9 banned the sale of firecrackers in Delhi during Diwali in order to counter the pollution, deteriorating air quality and smog-like conditions that have come to be associated with the festival in recent times.

While a radical change was not expected following the ban on firecrackers, a humble and promising beginning could be witnessed on Diwali with majority areas in Delhi reporting much lesser noise and smoke till 6 PM, compared to previous years.

However, as the festive spirit picked up from 7 PM onwards, the hopes for a pollution-free Diwali got lost behind the growing echo of the crackers.

Pollution Levels on Diwali

Despite the much talked about the ban on firecrackers, pollution monitoring stations placed the capital in the ‘red zone’, indicating ‘very poor’ air quality. According to the stats available, on Diwali day around 7 pm, online indicators showed a rising trend in the volume of cancer-causing ultra-fine particulates PM2.5 and PM10 that are capable of entering the respiratory system and reach the bloodstream.

PM2.5 and PM10 are the extremely fine particulate matter with the digits representing their diameter in micrometers. They are a major component of air pollutants that threaten both, our health and the environment at large.

ALSO READ 10 Quick Facts About Delhi Pollution Problem

However, data from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) suggested that the air quality in Delhi on Diwali was better than last year.

On Thursday, the Air Quality Index (AQI) value was 319 which placed the city in the ‘very poor’ category. However, the AQI value on Diwali last year was 431 and the city was placed in the ‘severe’ category.

According to data from SAFAR (System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research), the 24-hour rolling average at around 11 PM was revealed as 154 and 256 micrograms per cubic meter for PM2.5 and PM10 respectively.

According to SAFAR data, pollution levels were expected to soar between 11 PM and 3 AM.

Pollution Levels in the Morning after Diwali

As the night progressed, PM2.5 levels recorded a sharp rise in multiple areas in and around Delhi, with 15 times increase in areas like India Gate

As per data from Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC), PM2.5 levels at 6 AM in,

India Gate – 911 microns (Normal level – 60 microns)

RK Puram – 776 microns (13 times more than usual)

Ashoka Vihar – 820 microns (14 times more than normal)

Anand Vihar – 617 microns (10 times more than normal)

A sharp rise was observed in the PM10 levels in the early hours of the morning after Diwali which suggest hazardous pollution levels in Delhi.

As per data from Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC), PM10 levels at 6 AM in,

India Gate – 985 microns

RK Puram – 1083 (11 times more than usual)

Anand Vihar – 2402 microns (24 times more than normal. Normal level is considered around 100 microns)

While the ban on firecrackers imposed by the Supreme Court aimed to reduce pollution levels in Delhi, figures from pollution monitoring system paint an unhealthy picture with amplified levels of air pollution.

Official figures from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) are yet to be announced today. However, judging from the data available, it won’t be wrong to say that pollution levels in Delhi have increased post-Diwali.

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Hairstyles to Get the Chic look for Diwali Eve

Enhance your traditional attire with these oh-so-easy hairstyles and look the most glamorous among your gang for Diwali Eve tonight

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Hairstyles
Hairstyles to rock the Diwali Eve. Pixabay.
  • Diwali has got you excited since days and undoubtedly you would want to look your best today.
  • We have got some relief for you by presenting the trending hairstyles that you can give a try today to rock the Diwali eve with that chic look on your traditional attire.

Beachy Wave Hairstyle

Universally admired by red carpet celebrities and the daily beauty lovers alike. Getting those perfectly-loose curls is oh-so-simple. They take less than 10 minutes. Just use air dryer, curling wand, and your magical fingers to give you that boho chic look. This kind of hairstyles gives a bounce on your hair, making it suitable for a festive season like Diwali.

Hairstyle
Beachy Hairstyle a must try on the Diwali day. Wikimedia.

Side Fishtail Braid

This superficial, intricate-looking will definitely set your look intimidating for Diwali Eve. Braiding being the easiest hairstyle to master. This requires no hot tools or hair products, just keep trying the ends of the hair into braids by dividing into two sections. Throw out your hair open or tied with the braid on the side to enhance your hairstyle.

Hairstyles
Side Fish Tail Braid will get you boarded with the ethnic look. Wikimedia.

You may also try out the Messy Fish Tail Braid hairstyle which is suitable if you have short hair.

Hairstyles
Try this messy fishtail braid for short hair. Pixabay.

ALSO READ: Diwali 2017: 5 Fun things You can do this Diwali Instead of Bursting Crackers

Rose Braided Bun

Elegant & romantic, rose-bud, flower braid bun hairstyles is suitable for medium or long hair. Part your hairs from the center into three sections and separate a small portion of your hair from near your hairline. Create the braids normally and wrap it in a form of a beautiful flower in the center.You may also try the similar wrap around crown braid which will let you glow in the crowd on Diwali day.

Hairstyles
Rose Braided hairdo is surely gonna make you feel glamorous. Pixabay.

Low Pony Tail

No matter your hair kind or face shape, this hairstyle is surprisingly easy to master the look for any festive occasion. Just Slip your hair into a chic low pony and you’re done for the night. You may do a sharp low side-part to get that ethnic look hairstyle with your traditional attire. Showcase your traditional jhumkas over this low ponytail look.

Hairstyles
Low Pony Tail Look for Diwali Night. Pixabay.

-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana