Friday January 19, 2018

Diabetes can hamper your reproductive health

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

Today India is facing a potential health epidemic – diabetes. Millions in India have been diagnosed with Diabetes, which earns India a place among the list of top diabetic countries in the world. It’s not just a malady that affects blood sugar level, but it has vital ramifications on the overall functioning of your body. It can lead to vision loss, gangrenes, nerve damages, heart attacks as well as cause infertility.

Alarming reports by WHO state that more than 180 million people worldwide have diabetes, and the number is likely to more than double by 2030.

How does diabetes affect your reproductive Health?

The effect of diabetes on both the male and female fertility quotient is equal. In males, diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with very subtle disorders, and affects, either directly or indirectly, various functions of the male reproductive system. The T synthesis condition is instigated by molecular deviations at the level of Leydig cells, and may lead to other disorders in all target organs and tissues, which reduces erection, causing impotence, and other libido dissociations.

It has been estimated that approximately 35–75% of men with diabetes experience, at least some degree of erectile dysfunction during their lifetime. While in the case of females, diabetes has a massive effect on reproductive health. The women with diabetes tend to have less sexual desires because of hormonal imbalances. The reproductive period of diabetic women may be reduced due to delayed menarche and premature menopause.

Diabetic females face a lot of menstrual abnormalities; hence, they need a broader evaluation, which will include the examination of the hypothalamic–pituitary–ovarian axis, along with evaluation of hormonal status, checking for the presence of autoimmune thyroid disease, antiovarian autoantibodies, and checking for hyperandrogenism. Diabetes is considered fatal for both mother and child. It can create a life and death situation for both of them when women with diabetes conceive.

How  many types Diabetes are there?

Diabetes is  mainly classified  into three types, Type1, Type2 and Gestational Diabetes. In Type 1, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin, and insulin directly controls the burning of sugar; thus, this leads to excess levels of sugar in the blood stream. This condition is commonly noticed in youth. In Type 2 diabetes, body does not produce insulin at all, leading to fertility alterations in the length of the menstrual cycle, and the age of onset of menopause and  Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is seen or diagnosed in a pregnant woman. Obesity is a general problem in both PCOS-affected women and women with Type 2 diabetes. Experts say  that an overweight lady seeking gestation faces longer time to conceive.This is unrelated to age and to cyclic variations. If you are trying to conceive and are diabetic, it is always advised to plan your pregnancy; otherwise it can result in complications.

Working out should be an integral part of daily life.It is recommended that there has to be  at least 150 minutes of physical activity in a week. It can be a 10-minute brisk walk a day or anything like that.

Healthy food is also very significant, but keeping a check on diet never means to eat less. Eating less poses a threat of lowering down of blood sugar level drastically and suddenly,which can be risky.

Another thing that every  woman with diabetes must  follow, is to be in constant touch with your doctor before and during gestation. As, for a diabetic person, medication differs in both the phases; also, keeping an account of blood sugar is mandatory.

So, If you are diabetic and are trying to conceive, but still have not been able to, please consult a doctor immediately.

Mr. Yogesh Vaidya, founder and Chairman of Ivfgurus.com says,“We get a lot of patients who are suffering from diabetes and have failed to conceive, despite being in constant touch with the doctors; as diabetes and pregnancy don’t go well together. We refer them to appropriate doctors as per their medical condition based on what suits them best, for both health and pocket”

Dr. Ruchi Malhotra, Managing director of Fertile solutions IVF & Research Center, says, “Diabetes is a tough disease and also, apart from  medication, diet and physical exercise, one more important thing that is required, is emotional strength. Diabetic patients tend to have more mood swings, in the case of fertility  issues, it is  very difficult for them to keep calm. We always take special care of a diabetic patient’s emotional needs, as it affects the pregnancy directly “.

If multiple trials and constant doctors consult for having a little angel in your life have failed, please do not get disheartened, because science has progressed considerably, and IVF has been discovered long back in 1986. By IVF procedures, it is possible to successfully conceive and have your own child biologically.

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12 things you must know about cold drinks in India

If you're addicted to cold drinks, chances are that you are not the only one.

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By Ruchika Verma

  • Cold drinks are one of the lesser known addictions in India
  • Sodas or cold drinks be it cola or non-cola can have harmful effects on us
  • The key is to consume cold drinks in moderation, and not excessively

If you’re addicted to cold drinks, chances are that you are not the only one. Everyone loves the sugary, carbonated taste of cold drinks, especially during summers.

Cold drinks tastes good, but they have some harmful effects on us too. VOA
Cold drinks tastes good, but they have some harmful effects on us too. VOA

Even in winters, we don’t really hesitate in consuming our favourite cold drinks. However, it is important to know their effect on our health and environment. Here is the list of 12 things you must know about cold drinks:

Obesity

Increase consumption of soda or cold drinks is said to one of the major reasons for high obesity rates and other health problems associated with it, as per some health experts. One can of soda contains about 150 calories, which if consumed regularly, can increase your weight by 6 kgs per year.

Sodas and cold drinks can cause obesity and diabetes. VOA
Sodas and cold drinks can cause diseases like obesity and diabetes. VOA

Causes Diabetes

High consumption of cold drinks can cause diseases like, Type 2 Diabetes. Use of artificial sweetener leads to diabetes and thus children and sugar patients should refrain from consuming soft drinks in excessive amount.

Tooth decay

Cold drinks can cause tooth decay and no, not even your toothpastes and toothbrush can save you from this. The acid in cold drinks can damage your teeth more than sugar. The acid present  in soft drinks weakens tooth enamel, which leads to cavities and tooth decay.

Also Read : 5 Drinks Which Will Help You Lose Weight

Cold drinks can cause a lots of harm to our body and its immunity. Wikimedia Commons
Cold drinks can cause a lots of harm to our body and its immunity. Wikimedia Commons

Caffeine dependency

Many carbonated drinks, be it cola and non-cola, contain caffeine. Caffeine is addictive and can cause insomnia, irritability and other related symptoms in some people. If one is already having problems with caffeine, they should avoid cold drinks as much as they can.

Nutrition deficiency

It may sound quite weird, but it all boils down to the fact that sodas and cold drinks are simply not healthy. Many people have  a habit of choosing soda over other beverages like water, milk, juice, etc. If you are one of those people too, chances are, you’re not getting the required amount of nutrients into your body.

One should go for healthier alternatives of cold drinks. Wikimedia Commons
One should go for healthier alternatives of soft drinks. Wikimedia Commons

Weak bones

Not getting required nutrients will obviously have an effect on your health. However, cold drinks can affect your bones as well. Studies suggest that excess consumption of soft drinks which contains acid, can reduce the calcium quotient of our bones by preventing the nutrient from getting absorbed.

Artificial sweeteners

This should not really come as a surprise. All cold drinks have artificial sweeteners. Artificial sweeteners are not necessarily unhealthy. However, recent studies show that long-term consumption can damage our sugar taste receptors, leading us to crave more sugar oriented food.

Also Read : Sugary drinks responsible for 1 in 200 deaths

Cold drinks can cause tooth decay, obesity, etc. Wikimedia Commons
Cold drinks can cause tooth decay, obesity, etc. Wikimedia Commons

Slows Metabolism

When tired, try not to consume cold drinks and instead go for fresh juice or water. One can of soft drink can decrease your metabolism rate by 2 times. It also destroys fat burning enzymes leading to obesity.
Affects Reproduction Capabilities
Few studies have suggested that the use of artificial sweeteners in cold drinks, like saccharin and sucralose can affect reproduction capabilities in humans. It can decrease the chances of pregnancy in women. The presence of caffeine in cold drinks can also decrease the sperm count in men, it may affect the quality of the sperm too.
There are many brands which are famous in India and are regularly consumed. Wikimedia Commons
There are many brands which are famous in India and are regularly consumed. Wikimedia Commons
Top Selling Brands of cold drinks in India
In India, a cold drink is consumed every minute by someone. The most popular brands of cold drinks in India are, Pepsi, Coca Cola, Thumbs Up. Other drinks include Limca, Mountain Dew and Sprite, which have lemon essence in them. There are other brands like Fanta and Miranda too which are orange flavoured and less preferred drinks.
Controversies
Controversies and cold drinks are almost synonymous. There have been many controversies which revolve around cold drinks and its effects on our health. Concerns over usage of water, accusations over pesticides and sweeteners, and also, the general concerns about how these drinks are unhealthy, keeps on plaguing these drinks.
Coca Cola is known to spend a huge amount of money on its advertisement campaigns. Wikimedia Common
Coca Cola is known to spend a huge amount of money on its advertisement campaigns. Wikimedia Common
Advertising Expenses 
Cold drink brands hire the most famous celebrities to be their brand ambassadors. Their campaigns are often huge and present ideas which are larger than life. A lot of money is being spent on the advertising of these soft drinks. Coca Cola normally spends up to $3.499 billion in a year on its advertising campaigns.