New Delhi: A tableau of the Election Commission and a marching contingent of the French army will be among the firsts at this year’s Republic Day parade with the Indian Army dog squad also slated to make a return to Rajpath.
The French contingent, consisting of 100 French army personnel and 36 band members, will march on the 67th Republic day for the first time in history. Their position will be behind Param Veer Chakra, Ashok Chakra and Mahavir Chakra winners.
France’s President Francois Hollande will be the guest of honour at this year’s celebrations.
Trained dogs of the Indian army, including Labradors and German Shepherds, will march in the parade after 26 years.
“After 26 years, a dog contingent will be participating in the Republic Day parade.
“We (Ministry of Defence) hope that all these new additions will bring beauty and charm to the occasion,” said D. Mohanty, PRO (Defence).
This year a tableau on the Election Commission will take part in the parade depicting the large participation of people in elections.
The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will present a tableau with its theme based on the 125th birth anniversary of India’s first law minister Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, who is regarded as the chief architect of India’s Constitution.
This year 23 tableaux will participate in the parade where the country will showcase its cultural diversity, development in science and technology and economic and military strength.
According to official, this year many states including Arunachal Pradesh, Haryana, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala and Maharashtra will not participate in the tableaux. Delhi will also not be there.
Jammu and Kashmir will present its tableau on the economic transformation and natural environment.
The state’s tableau designer Ahmad Dhar said, “The state has seen turmoil. We want to show people different things about the Valley.”
Madhya Pradesh will feature the rare breed of white tigers. The state has one of the largest populations of tigers in the country.
Gujarat is also presenting a theme on wildlife as Asiatic lions of Gir forest will be highlighted in its tableau.
Bihar, in its tableau, will be showcasing the 1917 Champaran movement by Mahatma Gandhi whereas Karnataka will showcase the theme of coffee since the state counts among the top six coffee producers in the world.
Tamil Nadu will showcase the Toda tribe of Nilgiri district. The tribe is identified as one of the six primitive tribal groups of the state.
Tableaus from the Ministry of Communication and IT, Ministry of Panchayat Raj, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy will also be a part of the Republic Day parade. (IANS)
26 January is observed to honour the Constitution of India
This year, India will observe its 69th Republic on January 26, 2018.
The Constitution adopted by India was written by BR Ambedkar on January 26, 1950
NEW DELHI: Every year, 26 January is marked as the Republic Day in India. It is one of the few occasions when the whole of the nation celebrates the hoisting of National Flag. 26 January is observed to honour the Constitution of India as it came into force on the same day in the year 1950. The new constitution replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 into the governing document of India, thus, making India a Sovereign-Democratic nation. The Constitution adopted by India was written by BR Ambedkar on January 26, 1950, and since then the day is commemorated as Republic Day. The Constitution of India is considered as the supreme law of India and the nation has to abide by its rule.
The other significant day of Indian freedom movement is 15 August. This day is celebrated to glorify the independence of India from the clutches of British rule. After attaining independence, India required a blueprint to run the government and guide its people on a progressive path. Till then, India was functioning under the laws enacted and implemented by the British government. An independent constitution was the best bet to protect the rights of citizens and jot down the principles for running the nation. So to fulfill this need, India’s first law minister and chief architect of Indian Constitution, BR Ambedkar came up with a drafted framework for our constitution. It finally came into force after several amendments made by the cabinet body.
Constitution was a tool to govern the country in a constructive way and make the country a sovereign, secular, and democratic republic. On this day, the first president of independent India, Rajendra Prasad took the oath at the Durbar Hall and hoisted the national flag, followed by a 21-gun salute. It marked the tradition of flag hoisting and parade began.
Why is 26th January celebrated as the Republic Day in India?
With campaigns like non-violence and civil disobedience movements, India finally attained freedom from British rule on August 15, 1947. This date has a great importance in the Indian history. On January 26, 1950, BR Ambedkar drafted the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly. Then finally, Constitution came into force on January 26, 1950.
The reason behind choosing 26 January as the Republic Day was that, on 26 January 1930, Indian National Congress (INC) announced the declaration of Indian Independence while rejecting the Dominion status offered by the British Regime.
Prominence of the Constitution of India
India stands out to be the largest democratic country in the world and has the longest written constitution of any sovereign nation. The credit for the framing the Indian Constitution goes to Dr. BR Ambedkar. He was the principal architect behind drafting the outline of our Constitution.
The idea of making an Indian constitution was coined by M.N.Roy IN 1934. After that, Indian National Congress proposed the formation of the constituent in 1935.
After the validation of the Constitution, India became the contemporary Republic and replaced the Government of India Act, 1935. The Constitution of India states that “It declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity among them.”
The Constitution can never be upturned by parliamentary supremacy. It lays down the fundamental framework, procedures, and duties of government, fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. Basically, it is a gateway between the government and people. Any new law initiated by the government should be in accordance with the constitution.
Who drafted the Indian Constitution?
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was India’s first law minister of an independent India. He was an eminent jurist, social reformer and politician. Throughout his career, Ambedkar fought for the rights and integrity of the Dalits and other socially backward classes. For his immense service to the nation, Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, in 1990.
Ambedkar is considered as the Father of Indian Constitution and popularly known as Baba Saheb. He was the mastermind behind drafting the Constitution of India. He guided the Constitution of India that laid down the principals of defining fundamental political approach of the system.
BR Ambedkar was the chairman of Drafting Committee which included Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and other prominent leaders. The members took over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. The Constitution got the signed approval of 308 members on January 24, 1950, and came into effect on January 26, 1950 – India’s first Republic Day.
Republic Day celebrations in India
Every year January 26 is celebrated with full fervor to acknowledge the Republic Day. People from every corner of the nation comes together to lighten up the spirit of oneness and unity. This year, India will observe its 69th Republic on January 26, 2018. The celebrations include Flag Hoisting ceremony by the President of India followed by the March Past at Janpath. The entire event lasts for 3 days. The parade showcases India’s defense capability and its traditional and social heritage.
Cultural groups of many states display their heritage and diversity through various platforms. The occasion also calls for the display of military might to its people and also to the world. Important awards like the Ashok Chakra and Kirti Chakra are been given away by the President, before the commencement of the ceremony.