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India has only border disputes with China and Pakistan: VK Singh


New Delhi: While there are no border disputes with Myanmar, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, such disputes exist with China and Pakistan, Minister of State for External Affairs VK Singh  stated in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha on Thursday.

In the eastern sector, China claims approximately 90,000 square meters of Indian territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh,

The minister said the fact that Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir were integral and inalienable parts of India, has been clearly conveyed to the Chinese side on several occasions, including at the highest level.

Indian territory under the occupation of China in Jammu and Kashmir is approximately 38,000 square meters. In addition, under the so-called China-Pakistan ‘Boundary Agreement’ signed between China and Pakistan on March 2, 1963, Pakistan illegally ceded 5,180 square km of Indian territory in PoK (Pakistan-occupied Kashmir) to China,

Besides this, he also expressed the terms of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) agreement between India and China.

He said: “India and China, under the agreement on confidence building measures in the military field along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the India-China border areas, signed in November 1996 and subsequent protocol on modalities for the implementation of confidence building measures in the military field along the LAC in the India-China border areas, signed in April 2005 and Border Defence Cooperation Agreement, signed in October 2013, are committed to the clarification and confirmation of the LAC to reach a common understanding of the alignment of the LAC.”

According to him, the two sides have agreed to each appoint a special representative to explore the framework for a boundary settlement from the political perspective of the overall bilateral relationship.

“The 18th round of special representatives’ talks on the India-China boundary question was held in New Delhi from March 22 to 24, 2015. India and China have established a Working Mechanism on Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on the India-China border affairs to deal with important border affairs related to maintaining peace and tranquility in the India-China border areas,” he said.

“A meeting of WMCC was held in Beijing on October 8, 2015. India and China are committed to resolve bilateral issues through dialogue and peaceful negotiations and in a fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable manner,” he added.

As for Pakistan, Singh said India was willing to address all outstanding bilateral issues through peaceful means.

However, continued support of Pakistan to terrorism directed at us from the territory under Pakistan’s control has prevented the creation of the necessary environment. (Indian) The government has urged Pakistan on several occasions to fulfill its assurances, given and reiterated at the highest level, to put an end to anti-India activities on its soil and territories under its control,

Regarding Nepal, the minister said strip maps covering 98 percent of the India-Nepal boundary has been authenticated and initialed in 2007 at the Surveyor-General level, “though they are yet to be signed at the plenipotentiary level”.

“Issues relating to the maintenance and management of the India-Nepal boundary are discussed in existing bilateral mechanisms at both senior official and working levels,” he stated.

“Our unique, centuries-old civilizational ties with Nepal, based on shared geography, history, culture, language, and religion and characterized by close political relations, wide-ranging economic cooperation and deep-rooted people-to-people friendship, have been rejuvenated since May 2014 with sustained interaction at the highest political level, including the prime minister’s two visits to Nepal in 2014.”

Singh also informed the house that the India-Nepal Joint Commission was revived at the level of external affairs minister in July 2014.

India continues to maintain close engagement and bilateral exchanges with Nepal, as well as extend all assistance in accordance with the aspirations of the people of Nepal, for peace, stability, and socioeconomic development of the country,

On Bangladesh, the minister said India and Bangladesh shared a 4096.7-km border, which was the largest land border that India shared with any of its neighboring countries.

“Both countries concluded a Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) in 1974, soon after the independence of Bangladesh, to find a solution to the complex nature of border demarcation,” he said.

The agreement was implemented in its entirety with the exception of three issues pertaining to (1) undemarcated land boundary of approximately 6.1 km in three sectors, viz. Daikhata-56 (West Bengal), Muhuri river-Belonia (Tripura) and Lathitila-Dumabari (Assam); (2) exchange of 111 enclaves in Bangladesh with 51 Bangladesh enclaves in India; and (3) adverse possessions.

“During the visit of then prime minister Manmohan Singh to Bangladesh in September 2011, a protocol to the 1974 LBA was signed which settled these three outstanding issues,” Singh said.

“Subsequently, instruments of ratification of the agreement were exchanged on June 6, 2015, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Bangladesh,” he added.

(Inputs from IANS)



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Pakistan military Claim to have captured one Indian soldier, killed 8 when Indian army opened fire across LoC

The dead bodies of the Indian soldiers are still to be recovered by the Indian forces as they lay unattended at the LoC

Representational image

Islamabad, September 29, 2016: Pakistan military claimed that it has killed eight Indian soldiers and captured one while retaliating to India’s firing at the first line of defence at the Line of Control (LoC) at Tatta Pani, a media report said today.

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Citing security sources, Dawn newspaper said that the capture and killings occurred when the Indian army opened fire across the border, killing two Pakistani soldiers.

“The dead bodies of the Indian soldiers are still to be recovered by the Indian forces as they lay unattended at the LoC. Security sources say the Indian army has yet to recover the bodies for fear of coming under fire from Pakistan,” the paper claimed.

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The paper identified the captured soldier as 22-year-old Chandu Babulal Chohan son of Bashan Chohan from Maharashtra. It said he has been shifted to an undisclosed location. However, there was no official word on the report.

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A Pakistan army statement said “an exchange of fire between Pakistani and Indian LoC troops began at 2:30am and continued till 8:00am in the Bhimber, Hotspring, Kel and Lipa sectors” and added that “Pakistani troops befittingly responded to Indian unprovoked firing on the LoC.” (IANS)

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Gurmehar Kaur: A silent voice that speaks volumes

Gurmehar Kaur, the daughter of a dead soldier has now become an Internet Sensation through her silent voice



Less than two weeks after posting a silent video in which she called for peace between arch rivals India and Pakistan, Indian teenager Gurmehar Kaur is struggling with the fact that she’s now an internet sensation.

In the online video that runs over four minutes, Kaur conveys her message without uttering a word and through a series of 30 placards. Her father, Capt. Mandeep Singh, was killed during a war between the two countries 17 years ago.

The video has received more than a million views since it appeared on Facebook on April 29.

“I cannot believe how popular the video has become,” the 19-year-old university student, who is based in Jalandhar, Punjab, told BenarNews.

But fame was not the motive behind making the video, she added.

“All I intended to do was to urge people of my generation to open up to the idea of living in peace and embracing each other,” Kaur said.

In the video, Kaur says she was two years old when her father was killed in the Kargil War in India-administered Kashmir.

The nearly three-month war, which began on May 3, 1999, after local shepherds reported Pakistani intrusion in the high-altitude Kargil district, claimed almost 1,000 Indian and Pakistani lives, according to official figures from both sides.

Watch VideoProfile for peace Voice of Ram

Blame war, not Pakistan

“I have very few memories of him [my father]. I have more memories of how it feels to not have a father,” reads one of the English placards in Kaur’s video.

“I also remember how much I used to hate Pakistan and Pakistanis because they killed my dad. I used to hate Muslims too because I thought all Muslims are Pakistanis,” she goes on to say silently.

“When I was six years old, I tried to stab a lady in a burkha, because for some strange reason I thought she was responsible for my father’s death.”

But instead of letting that anger and hurt harden into bitterness, Kaur overcame that and turned those feelings into something more positive and constructive, she told Benar.

Gurmehar Kaur Image Source:
Gurmehar Kaur Image Source:

Since the partitioning of the Indian sub-continent in 1947, ties between India and Pakistan have remained strained. The two countries, which have fought three wars, routinely accuse each other of ceasefire violations, mostly in the disputed Himalayan state of Kashmir, claimed in its entirety by both sides.

“Through the video, all I am trying to say is that I was able to look beyond my personal tragedy and not deposit the blame on Pakistan or anybody else for that matter. There are more people like me, who have lost loved ones to war, and I want them to try to do the same,” she said in a phone interview.

Related Article: India and Pakistan : Behind the thinly veiled conflict

‘Media refused to carry it’

The video was a collaborative effort between Kaur and Ram Subramanian, a Mumbai-based advertising professional who has been trying to bridge the gap between Indian and Pakistani people through various campaigns.

“I had known Gurmehar’s story for a while. It is very inspiring and I thought it will be a good idea to tell her story to the world. It is the truth, and the media refused to carry it until this video went viral,” Subramanian told BenarNews.

Subramanian launched his campaign under #ProfileForPeace on Facebook last year after Maharashtra-based right-wing political party Shiv Sena, an ally of India’s ruling Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) blocked a concert by famed Pakistani singer Ghulam Ali in Mumbai.

Shiv Sena’s Akshay Badrapurkar had said then: “We are completely against any form of cultural ties with Pakistan. The country is against us and kills our soldiers, so there’s no point why we should let their singer perform here.

Kaur slammed this thought process.

“We cannot dream of becoming a first world country with third world leadership,” she said, while giving examples of France and Germany, which made peace after two world wars, and the United States and Japan, which have also put their past behind.


Although the video has been largely received positively, it has faced some criticism.

“This [Kaur’s] is only a very ideal view,” Prasun Kashyap, a research fellow in the New Delhi-based South Asian University, told BenarNews. “While it is good to promote people-to-people contact between India and Pakistan, you also have to understand the politics of the two nations as well as their policies.”

The video has also received its share of harsh and abusive criticism. But Kaur said she has chosen to ignore the hateful comments.

“These are people who are just using the anonymity of the internet to say whatever they want. They’re criticizing everything, from my hair to what I am wearing. I’m not paying heed to them,” she said.

Subramanian, whose Facebook page hosts the video, said: “[The] response has been mostly positive. We are in a time and space where more people want peace and only a fraction of people practice violence.”

“This video is only a first step forward. It is meant to sow the seed of the idea of peace in the minds of people. We still need to water and nourish the idea from here on,” Kaur said. (Benar news)


2 responses to “Gurmehar Kaur: A silent voice that speaks volumes”

  1. Since the partition both countries have suffered a lot because of war . This has to stop now

  2. Sympathy with Gurmehar…and Respect to Captain Mandeep singh…and Captain Saurabh Kalia…… Ppl shd nt mock her(Gurmehar) in wrong manner she just need to understand that each Indian wants peace…but the thing is.. India never starts war, only Juxtaposes…This letter cd be the best reply to her may it help her….Words says it all…they were killed in peace time.
    …War didnt kill him (Captain Aurabh Kalia)…. but……….Pak did 🙁 🙁

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Reforms in corrupt PLA can affect Indian Army


Corruption is a gambit so large that it can and does encompass every or any country irrespective of them being democratic or communist. China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is going under a long-anticipated reform process according to the South China Morning Post. The reforms are expected to help solve the issues of deep corruption within the Chinese defence forces.

The planned reforms, according to the Chinese leadership, is expected to reorganize the existing seven military zones into four separate commands while cutting about 300,000 troops to lessen the complications of power.

The formal announcement of the onset of restructuring was officially declared by the top military brass at a gathering of leaders involved in national defence and military reforms who are directed by the China’s Central Military Commission.

“I announce that China will reduce military personnel numbers by 300,000,” Xi was quoted as saying in the New York Times. Xi once stated that the armed services were “loyally committed to its sacred duty of defending the security of the motherland and the peaceful life of the people, and loyally committed to the sacred duty of safeguarding world peace.”

The Hong Kong daily explains PLA to be: “The PLA was extensively involved in economic affairs until the late 1990s when the central leadership realised that the army’s profit-seeking operations had resulted in PLA top brass abusing their special privileges and power by promoting their business interests.”

It mentions the instance of senior naval officers conveying warships overseas to smuggle household appliance and vehicles (cars).

The PLA which used to be a peasants’ army once has now grown to perform duties to safeguard a nation so significant, geographical and political as China. Although the country is known to be a strictly regulated nation, loopholes still exist in their administration as well as governance.

The urge to publically mention the need of reforms represents the intensity of the situation in China as the country tweaks and trims its outflow of information.

India can be highly impacted by the repercussions of their rectification. India shares an extensive border with China and that’s where both the armies face each other at large. With the developments taking place in the PLA, it is expected to lead to a better and strengthened military work zone across the border.

A corrupt and comparatively less efficient Chinese defence forces would be easy for India to target in distress, though, if improved to be fitter and better prepared for any contingency. Also, an intromission of power on India can lead to a lower supreme response.

Adding on to the military stress from the other side, Indian border would perhaps come under one Military Areas Commands (MAC) instead of two as today, which will tremendously ameliorate the efficiency of the Chinese ‘border’ forces creating a supplementary burden onto the India forces, which are already sustaining themselves in an adverse environment, unlike their Chinese counterpart.

India has already started working on bringing desired developments in the field to not be on the back foot in the times of conflict.

The Indian Army has a doctrine called ‘Cold Start’ a mechanised infantry, a heavy strike crop to essentially strike against Pakistan in the event of a war. On similar lines to protect its India-China border, they have devised a comparatively recent strategy comprising of “Mountain Strike Corps”.

India is to proceed with the formation of a new Mountain Strike Corps of over 40,000 troops to be deployed along the disputed China border region by the end of 2016.

The infrastructure of the same is yet to be set up. Though once effectively put in place, it would strengthen the north-eastern border of India with China to a great level. This corp will be specifically trained to work and deliver their best in the mountain region.

One response to “Reforms in corrupt PLA can affect Indian Army”

  1. these are temporary solutions to the problem. Although such action from Indian side is necessary but it will only increase a tension in the border region. The only possible way to reach peace at border is when citizens of both the countries will force their government to roll back Army baring few check posts in the initial period and make border more pours for more trade and mutual border state development (because having bilateral talks with china on border issues are useless). Developing complex economic dependence between India and China is the only way to solve border issue.