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ISIS and the Secret “Sykes-Picot” Agreement

Why does Islamic State care about the century old secret "Sykes-Picot" agreement?

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ISIS affected regions, Wikimedia commons
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“If Sykes-Picot represents the fragmentation of the Islamic world as well as historical Western, Christian intervention in the region, then we claim to stand for all that runs counter to Sykes-PicotAbu al-Baghdadi (leader of ISIS).

  • Also known as the Asia Minor Agreement, the Sykes-Picot was a secret agreement signed between United Kingdom of Great Britain, French Third Republic and Ireland (with the agreement of Russia) on 16th May 1916.
  • It was kept secret till 1917. On 26 November 1917 the agreement was made public in the British Guardian. The agreement was all about dividing the Middle East after World War I.
    • Britain was allocated the coastal strip areas between the Mediterranean Sea and River Jordan to have access to the Mediterranean.
    • France was given southeast Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon.
    • Russia was supposed to take control of Istanbul, the Turkish Straits, and Armenia. However, it was left free for the controlling powers to decide on their state boundaries within their areas.
  • The agreement was a turning point in western-Arab relations. In 1918, the partitioning of Ottoman’s Arab provinces took place and the empire was divided effectively.
  • After US invasion in Iraq (in 2003), the Asia Minor Agreement was widely criticized. People were stipulating this whole act as a foreign dominance by the world leaders in the Middle-East regions.
Captured ISIS fighter, Wikimedia commons
Captured ISIS fighter, Wikimedia commons
  • Presently, the Islamic State militant group (IS) is taking a stand in destructing the borders between Iraq and Syria. They also released a video on YouTube titled “The End of Sykes-Picot”. The video projected the destruction of the border between Iraq and Syria. An IS fighter can be seen in the video mentioning “There is no border. We all are one country and IS-held territory should not be divided.” He further quotes the IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as saying “he was the breaker of barriers.”

Related articleTruth Uncovered: Origin of the Islamic militant group

  • IS subcategorised the Sykes-Picot themes into the following 4 fragments.
    • Fragmentation
    • Intervention
    • Geopolitical
    • Symbolic
  • Intellectuals believe that the Sykes-Picot agreement might be key to understanding the propaganda and ideology of the IS militant group. This can also be seen from the fact that the group renamed itself from Islamic State of Iraq and Al-Sham (Syria) to just Islamic State. They are planning for bigger fish. Aiming to destroy foreign imperialism, ISIS plans to establish its own state (not just an organization working in 2 countries).
  • However, there have been arguments regarding the Sykes-Picot deal. Some say foreign borders were formed over a long period of time, not by some foreign imperialism. Another notion is that the Remo conference held in the 1920s is ultimately responsible for the foreign borders that we are witnessing today not Sykes-Picot agreement. (Input from Radio free Europe)

Edited by Pritam Pritam, a 3rd year engineering student in B.P. Poddar institute of management and technology, Kolkata. A simple person who tries to innovate and improvise himself.)

Twitter handle @pritam_gogreen

 

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“Some people’s agenda is to break Indian parliament by 2025 through bombs and ammunition”: Vivek Agnihotri

Through his book, "Urban Naxal", Vivek Agnihotri has raised his voice against anti-nationals and the people who crib against the policies of the government.

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Vivek Agnihotri. Wikimedia Commons
Vivek Agnihotri. Wikimedia Commons
  • Vivek Agnihotri is a Bollywood director
  • “Urban Naxal” and launched it in ‘World Book Fair’ held in Delhi
  • I want to ask Jignesh Mevani, from whom he wants freedom

The controversy related to the movie, “Budhha in traffic Jam” made Vivek Agnihotri a sensation overnight. There were several protests against the movie and there was chaos related to the screening of the movie in Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi. Vivek was even trolled and threatened for his movie but he didn’t dog down and came up with his book.

Recently, Vivek has come up with his new book, “Urban Naxal” and launched it in ‘World Book Fair’ held in Delhi. The publisher of his book is Garuda Publications. Through this book, he has raised his voice against anti-nationals and the people who crib against the policies of the government.

In an exclusive interview with Vikram Khajuria of NewsGram, Vivek expressed his views about the controversies in which he was involved in. He was also congratulated by the NewsGram team on his book launch. Excerpts:

Also Read: Interview with Zaira Wasim: Don’t know if I’ll become full-time actress in future

Question: The book that you have published with Garuda Publication and as this is a new publication, so what are your expectations from this publication. All the books launched today are based on some of the other ideology.

Answer: People should not have expectations from publication; rather it should be from readers. The expectations should be from the people who will buy these books and read them. People are buying books and books are being consumed in India. People should write about India and its problem. It’s an aspect of the country that the Garuda publication is fighting for. That’s why I am standing with them.

Question: The comments that you have recently received on your controversial movie, “Buddha in a Traffic Jam” and the book you have launched today. Is there any connection between both of them?

Answer: Of course yes, because from that movie, I got to know what was going on in this country? Before that, my life was very comfortable and I was making movies with Bollywood stars. With this movie, I got to know that the people who are creating narratives and are trying to break the country.

Also Read: Sexual abuse is everywhere in the world, says Radhika

Question: Your every movie is different from your last movie. You have come from ‘Chocolate’ to ‘Buddha in a Traffic Jam’, so are you trying to set a trend in Bollywood because many successful Bollywood directors have set a particular trend. Prakash Jha has a different style and Sanjay Leela Bhansali has some unique genre. So, is your all the movies are on the same lines?

Answer: I belong to a village and I am from very poor family. I want to learn filmmaking and how will I learn filmmaking, if I will make only comedy or horror films and also without experimenting.

Those people are wealthy enough and as they have enough money. They can carry on with their trends with what their family is doing since long but I have to work out daily. Once I do something, I move on to learn something new. But after ‘Buddha in a Traffic Jam’, the trend has been changed. I am making a film on Shastri Ji and I will keep experimenting.

Vivek Agnihotri has launched his book “Urban Naxal”
The picture is shot by the team of NewsGram

Question: You have openly challenged Jignesh Mevani for an open debate.  So, what do you want to ask him?

Answer: I want to know about his ideologies and from what he wants to get free from. Today India needs freedom from inefficiency, unhygienic and corruption. Does India need freedom from itself only? So, if every state wants from India, where will we live? Will India survive? So, I want to ask him, from whom he wants freedom, why is he so frustrated and what is his problem and what is his vision. If he has some vision, he needs to answer it. So, I want him to answer him on these issues. I know these people very well. These people do not have anything to say. Their only agenda is to break Indian parliament by 2025 by bombs and ammunition. But we people won’t let it happen

Question: In one of your tweets, you have commented on the quality of stand-up comedy in India. Are you targeting everyone?

Answer: If you look at Sharad Joshi and Hari Shankar Prasad, they all write satire. The business of a comedian is to squib on social issues. It should be done by a satirist. They should not be indulged in taunting handicapped people, women, homosexuals, Indian people, people who can’t speak English and always abusing in their conversation.

Also Read: Learned a lot from personal and professional hiccups: Rani

 Question: Are you trying to target AIB (All India Bakchod) through your comments?

Answer: I am not targeting anyone and nor do I know about the AIB. But generally speaking, the standards of English stand-up comedians have really gone down, whereas, it should have gone up. The comedians of nowadays are stealing the joke from the western countries and they don’t have anything of their own. The older legends like Jaspal Bhatti and Raju Shrivastava were much better than today’s stand-up comedians.

Question: Do you think that there is such atmosphere in our country that if you do not comply with what other is saying, it means your ideologies are different. Sometimes, our own family members do not comply with our thoughts. So, is it wise to target particular wing and troll them? Sometimes you tend to target politicians and media. What do you want to say about it?

Answer: In this world, if you won’t do that, people will start comparing between fat and small and then they will fight. God has given us such a mind that helps us to make a balance and without it, the world will not prosper. We should utilize it in productive things rather than squandering. People who have the narrative in their hands are all rich and affluent class and they want that we people should keep fighting on such petty issues. The questio  how we are going to deal with the strategy of divide and rule. So, we have to raise our voice against such atrocities and have to come over it.