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Make in India gets big push as Modi government awards 56 defence licences to private companies

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‘AGNI-III’ missile, passes through the Rajpath during the 59th Republic Day Parade-2008, in New Delhi on January 26, 2008.
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By NewsGram Staff Writer

Underlining its determination to have indigenous defence production as a cornerstone of its ‘Make in India’ drive, the Narendra Modi government has awarded a record 56 defence manufacturing permits to private sector entities in the past year.

According to the data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), a slew of applications, some of which had been pending for more than four years, have been cleared since the BJP government came to power.

The permits are the first step in the process to enable firms such as Mahindra, Tata and Pipavav  to set up production units for major military equipment.

The Tatas will now be able to upgrade major fighting units like the T 90 and T 72 tanks of the Indian Army while Mahindra has been given permits in a number of areas, including manufacturing naval systems like torpedoes, sea mines and boats.

Subsidiary companies like Mahindra Telephonics Integrated Systems and Tech Mahindra Ltd too have got defence permits.

The move stands as a major endorsement of the Indian private sector’s ability to operate in an arena that has until now been the preserve of foreign vendors and state-run entities.

Besides the established players, a number of new small firms are poised to enter the sector based on these clearances.

For example, Bullet Proof equipment manufacturer MKU will now be able to manufacture night vision devices while Bangalore-based Dynamatic Technologies has been granted a permit to manufacture Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.

Pipavav Defence and Offshore Engineering Company (PDOC), now being acquired by the Anil Ambani-run Reliance, has grabbed four permits to manufacture items ranging from medium tanks and howitzers to missiles, sensors and torpedoes.

In order to open up the defense sector, the government has started expediting clearances besides increasing the foreign investment limit for the defence sector to 49% and even up to 100% in select cases.

The process for application online and the validity of the Industrial license has been enhanced to seven years and speedy DIPP clearances are already being given for smaller items like components.

Complex matters such as the offset policy, blacklisting process as well as a specific route for the Make in India process are expected to be simplified through a new defence procurement policy, likely to be announced in the coming few weeks.

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Jamshedpur: The Phenomenal Steel City Of India

Jamshedpur has seen the time of war, and is of great historic significance too

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Jamshedpur is the phenomenal steel city of India which has seen great innovations. Wikimedia Commons
Jamshedpur is the phenomenal steel city of India which has seen great innovations. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • Jameshedpur is an industrial city in Jharkhand, India
  • It is known as the steel city of India because of the presence of TISCO
  • The city is of great economic and historic significance

Jamshedpur, or famously, the steel city of India, is one of the most advanced and populous city in Jharkhand, India. It is home to the tenth largest steel company in the world, Tata Steels, and is also the first ever planned industrial city of India.

Jamshetji Tata was the man behind Tata Steel. TataCompanies
Jamshetji Tata was the man behind Tata Steel. TataCompanies

It was earlier a village called Sakchi. It got the name, Jamshedpur by Lord Chelmsford in 1919, in the honour of its founder, Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata. Jamshedpur was his dream city which he wanted to develop for his steel plant.

In a letter which Jamsetji Tata wrote to his son, Dorab, he mentioned all that which he wanted in his model city.

“Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens. Reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks. Earmark areas for Hindu temples, Mohammedan mosques and Christian churches.”

On these instructions was built was a city brought a wave of steel revolution in India.

How and Why Jamshedpur developed

Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata was born in 1839 in a Parsi family. He made most of his fortune trading cotton, tea, copper, and brass. He was a brilliant businessman who loved inventions.

He had a sharp business acumen and was a huge supporter of the Swadeshi concept. He was inspired to establish the first steel plant in India when he listened to the philosopher, Thomas Carlyle’s words in Manchester. According to Carlyle, a country who has control over iron can have control over gold.

Today, Tata is one of the biggest names in business. The llegacy was carried on by many including Ratan Tata. bloncampus.com
Today, Tata is one of the biggest names in the business world. The legacy being carried on by the family, including Ratan Tata. bloncampus.com

His idea was ridiculed by the Britishers but it didn’t have any effect on Jamsetji’s determination. He sailed to in 1902, where he was dubbed as ‘the J. P. Morgan of the East Indies’ by the press.

Also Read: Jamsetji Tata: Glancing at the journey of the pioneer of Indian Industry

In America, Jamsetji hired two key men, one to build his steel mill and the other to run it. He spent lots of time researching and talking to various geologists and engineers to rope them into developing his steel plant. However, he died before completing this dream and his son, Dorabji Tata took on the challenge.

The Tata Iron and Steel Corporation or TISCO started producing steel in 1908, and it made India the first Asian country to have steel plant of its own.

TISCO, Jamshedpur and World Wars

When World War I broke out in 1914, TISCO proved to be of crucial importance. British government recognised its importance and potential. It played a huge role in providing the steel for arms and ammunition which helped Britain win the war.

The steel produced in Jamshedpur by TISCO was used in military campaigns across Mesopotamia, Egypt and East Africa.

TISCO provided steel for the arms and ammunition during both the World Wars.
TISCO provided steel for the arms and ammunition during both the World Wars.

In World War II (1939), to protect itself, TISCO sent steel ropes tied to gas balloons up to the sky to prevent Japanese planes from bombing down the mill. Tar boilers were also set up across the factory to create smokescreens. Also, sirens were set up.

When the Japanese attacks increased, Allied forces were brought to Jamshedpur. However, then there were no hotels to lodge the troops. So an Anglo-Indian, Bartholomew D’Costa, and his son were asked to build one hastily.

Jamshedpur is one of the most industrially advanced city in India. Wikimedia Commons
Jamshedpur is one of the most industrially advanced cities in India. Wikimedia Commons

The father-son duo set up The Boulevard Hotel in Jamshedpur in December 1940. It was the first ever hotel in the industrial town of Jamshedpur.

Jamshedpur and its glory

Post Independence, Jamshedpur with its steel plant continued to play an important role. It helped in the economic and industrial development of India.

Also Read: Times of Tata ad: Is the foundation of journalism in jeopardy?

Jamshedpur has seen the time of war and is of great historical significance too. Tata has done further efforts to make this city one of the bests. They’re built schools, railways junctions, sports complex, etc. The city today is sprawling with development and is one of the cities with the most potential for further advancements.