Tuesday December 19, 2017

Malala plans to study in Oxford University if she secure AAA grade

Malala is now likely to take up a place on the popular Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE) course at the Oxford University.

Source: Wikimedia Commons

UK, March 14, 2017: Malala, a Pakistani activist, and youngest ever Nobel prize laureate is preparing herself to pursue further education at the prestigious Oxford University if she obtains AAA grade. The 19-year-old was shot in the head by Taliban and was treated at the city’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital following her attack in 2012. Malala is now likely to take up a place on the popular Philosophy, Politics, and Economics (PPE) course at the university.

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She told the head teachers at the Association of School and College Lecturers annual conference on Saturday that “I’m studying right now, I’m in year 13 and I have my A-Level exams coming and I have received a conditional offer which is three As so I need to get the three As that is my focus right now.”She further added when asked about her future plans that,”I have applied to study PPE so for the next three years I will be studying that. But other than that I want to stay focused on my Malala Fund work.”

She further added when asked about her future plans that,”I have applied to study PPE so for the next three years I will be studying that. But other than that I want to stay focused on my Malala Fund work.”

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However, the Nobel prize winner did not reveal which college she had received the offer from but in the past, she did inform that she would be applying for Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University, whose alumni include one of her role models, former Pakistani president Benazir Bhutto. Yousafzai was invited to the college – which was the first in oxford to admit women in December 2016 for an interview, which she later expressed as “the hardest interview of my life” appending ‘I just get scared when I think of interview’.

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Yousafzi had also applied to the London School of Economics (LSE), Durham and Warwick universities. All the other institutions require an A or AA, conversely, the entry requirement to study PPE at Oxford is AAA and thus making it a promising destination.

Malala rose to fame as a global campaigner for girls’ education. Yousafzai has voiced an ambition to return to Pakistan and become a politician.”My goal is to make sure every child, a girl and a boy, they get the opportunity to go to school. It is their basic human right, so I will be working on that and I will never stop until I see the last child going to school,” the activist said at the conference.

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It has been deciphered that degrees in Oxford’s PPE course had been a prolific factor for political careers in Britain including those of David Cameron and the Labour leaders Michael Foot and Harold Wilson.

Prepared by Naina Mishra of Newsgram, Twitter @Nainamishr94

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Scientists Trace The Origin of ‘Zero’ to Ancient Indian Manuscript

Scientists have relied on carbon dating technology to determine the world’s oldest recorded derivation of the zero that is now used by people world over

Scientists have now traced the origin of zero to the Bakhshali manuscripts that date from the 3rd or the 4th century. Pixabay

Oxford, September 16, 2017 : The eminent Indian mathematician Brahmagupta has been credited globally for writing the first-ever text that described zero as a number in 628 AD. According to Professor Marcus Du Sautoy of the University of Oxford, the creation of zero has to be credited as the “greatest breakthrough” in mathematics. But carbon dating of an ancient text has pushed the story of zero’s origin back by 500 years!

Scientists have now traced the origin of zero to the Bakhshali manuscripts that date from the 3rd or the 4th century- over 500 years older than previously thought, which makes it the world’s oldest recorded derivation of the zero that is now used by people world over.

The new search results stemming from the manuscript assert an earlier reference to the symbol of zero that is considerably older than the previously known inscription on a temple in Gwalior, India dating the ninth-century.

We present six astounding facts about the symbol ‘0’,

  1. The Bakhshali script is a fragmentary text, inscribed on 70 leaves of the bark of the birch tree and contains material from three different periods- 224-383 AD, 680-779 AD and 885-993 AD. This also raises critical questions about how the text was clubbed together as a single document.
  2. The ancient text was named after the village it was found buried in. The Bakhshali manuscript was first found in 1881 in a village near Peshawar (present-day Pakistan) called Bakshali. The text was discovered by a local farmer, and was later acquired by the indologist Rudolf Hoernle who later submitted it to the Bodleian Library in Oxford.
  3. Translations of the Bakhshali manuscript, which was originally written in a form of Sanskrit, reveal that the text was guidance manual for merchants practicing their trade along the Silk Road. The transcript includes multiple practical arithmetic exercises and a proto-type of algebra.
  4. The zero is nowhere used as a ‘number’ having its own value in the Bakhshali manuscript but merely as a placeholder in the system of numeration. This can be better understood by examining the position of ‘0’ in ‘205’ which does not indicate tens. Here, absence of a value, in other words the answer to a problem which is zero is left blank as a way to distinguish 1 from 10 and 100.
  5. Multiple ancient civilizations had evolved an independent placeholder that held no independent value –
  • about 5,000 years ago, the Babylonians made use of a double wedge to denote absence
  • Mayans incorporated a shell to indicate ‘nothing’ in their ancient calendar system

However, the Bakhshali manuscript featured the first ‘dot’ symbol that eventually transformed into the ‘0’ symbol with the hollow centre that is used today.

  1. The Bakhshali script was the first to explore the possibility to use zero as a number- this was later described in a text called Brahmasphutasiddhanta, which had been written and compiled in 626 AD by the great Indian astronomer and mathematician Brahmagupta.

The development of zero dramatically changed the field of mathematics, supplementing an implausible range of further work, including the notion of infinity, calculus, digital technology and also some of the larger questions of cosmology about the beginning of the Universe and how its existence might disappear in future.

ALSO READ India Invented Principles of Calculus 250 Years Before Newton. Indian Scholars from a Kerala School Did it

According to a report by The Guardian, the head of the Bodleian Library, Richard Ovenden was quoted as saying that these astounding research results highlight the rich and ancient scientific tradition of South Asia and also draw attention to the Western bias that often left the contributions of these scholars overlooked and ignored.


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Nobel Prize winner Malala Yousafzai hits out at Pakistan following lynching of a University Student accused of Blasphemy

image from facebook

London, April 15, 2017: Nobel Prize winner Malala Yousafzai hit out at Pakistan following the lynching of a university student accused of blasphemy. Mashal Khan was stripped naked and beaten to death with planks on a campus in the city of Mardan.

“No one is maligning the name of your country or religion… we ourselves are bringing a bad name to our country and religion,” Malala said in a video posted to Facebook following a conversation with Khan’s father.

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In the video posted on Facebook following the victim’s funeral, Malala said the Prophet did not tell his followers to “be impatient and go around killing people”, claiming some followers have forgotten the message of peace and were not representing their religion.

“This was not just the funeral of Mashal Khan, it was the funeral of the message of our religion Islam,” she said. “This is an incident filled with terror and fear.”

Mashal Khan, a journalism student was shot dead by fellow students at the Abdul Wali Khan University in Pakistan’s Mardan town on Thursday after being accused of blasphemy.

Insulting the Prophet Mohammed is a capital crime in Pakistan punishable by anything from a small fine to death, depending on the severity of the slight.

Last month, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif issued an order for the removal of blasphemous content online, adding that anyone found guilty of the offence would face, “strict punishment under the law”. (IANS)

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Pakistani Nobel Laureate Malala Yousafzai bestowed with honorary Canadian citizenship

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Toronto, April 12, 2017: Pakistani Nobel Laureate Malala Yousafzai was bestowed honorary Canadian citizenship on Wednesday.

Yousafzai was greeted on the steps of the Centre Block by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, as well as a parade of dignitaries, cabinet ministers and diplomats inside the rotunda beneath the Peace Tower, The Toronto Star reported.

Moments later, Trudeau presented her with a certificate documenting her as an honorary Canadian, making her the sixth and youngest ever person to receive the honour.

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“It is not just an honorary citizenship of Canada; it is also being Canada’s friend, and I warmly accept it,” Yousafzai told the gathering afterward.

“I want to thank Canada for its passion for girls’ education, for its passion for humanity, for refugees, and for standing up for women’s rights, and for peace.

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“You are a true example to the world of what it means to stand up for humanity, and I’m hopeful you will inspire many more countries and many more leaders to follow your footsteps,” she said.

At the ceremony, Trudeau said that Malala’s story was inspirational.

“All the violence you survived at the hands of the Taliban didn’t deter you as it would have so many others,” Trudeau told the ceremony. “You stood even stronger in the face of oppression; your passion for justice only intensified,” he added. (IANS)