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Modi’s foreign policy will play a key role in India’s quest for UNSC membership: Experts

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Kolkata: Observing that urgent reforms in the UN was essential, experts on Tuesday said Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s aggressive foreign policy can play a key role towards realizing India’s quest for a permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

Sitaram Sharma, the chairman of West Bengal Federation of United Nations Associations (WEBFUNA), alongside German Consul General Olaf Iversen and other eminent people, participated in a symposium on “United Nations needs to be reformed”.

There can be no alternative to the UN, the world cannot be imagined without it. It’s the UN, which ensures even the smallest of nations have a voice. But at the same time, the need for reforming the UN, especially expanding the Security Council is imminent.

“Reform is something that is always resisted, particularly, by those in power. Obviously, expanding the UNSC is a very complicated issue involving many a delicate matters, particularly the veto power,” he said.

At the same time, new powers, including India are emerging and of the permanent five, France and the UK are no more powerful. So a change is inevitable.

“Modi’s aggressive foreign policy and the active persuasion of the UNSC permanent seat issue will certainly make India realize its dream,” added Sharma.

Former foreign secretary Krishnan Srinivasan too lauded Modi’s foreign policy.

Undoubtedly, Modi’s aggressive foreign policy has raised India’s image internationally and to that extent, it can help India in her quest for the permanent seat in the UNSC,

Batting for reforms in the UN, Srinivasan said an expansion of the Security Council by introducing new permanent members was essential to energize the organization which has failed in some respect to keep up with the contemporary world.

Advocating Germany’s inclusion in the UNSC permanent membership, Iversen said the issue ‘diluting the veto power’ has been the major roadblock in the expansion in the ‘permanent five’.

(Inputs from IANS)

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Trump Toughens Iran Strategy, Decertifies Tehran’s Compliance With Accord

President Donald Trump
President Donald Trump announces a new Iran policy from the Diplomatic Reception Room of the White House. voa

Saying Iran is not living up to the spirit of a two-year-old nuclear agreement it signed with Western powers, President Donald Trump Friday unveiled a tough new strategy toward Tehran, including additional sanctions aimed at blocking the regime’s path to develop nuclear weapons.

“Today, I am announcing our strategy along with several major steps we are taking to confront the Iranian regime’s hostile actions and to ensure that Iran never — and I mean never — acquires a nuclear weapon,” Trump said in a nationally televised address at the White House.

He stopped short of pulling the United States out of the 2015 deal involving Iran, the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council plus Germany and the European Union. But he said he would no longer certify Iran’s compliance with its terms, effectively giving Congress 60 days to consider whether further action is necessary.

“We cannot and will not make this certification,” Trump said. “We will not continue down a path whose predictable conclusion is more violence, more terror and the very real threat of Iran’s nuclear breakout.”

Global reaction

European powers France, Britain and Germany together issued a statement following Trump’s address, saying preservation of the JCPOA with Iran is “in our joint national interest.”

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani Friday said his country sees the JCPOA as non-negotiable, and would remain committed to it as long at it serves the national interests.

In a nationally televised address, Rouhani charged that Trump’s comments were full of “insults and fake accusations” against Iran.

“The Iranian nation has not and will never bow to any foreign pressure. … Iran and the deal are stronger than ever. … Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps will continue its fight against regional terrorists,” Rouhani said.

Obama administration officials involved in crafting the agreement say any attempt to tinker with it is fraught with numerous pitfalls, and will require close coordination with allies and lawmakers.

“This action is completely unnecessary and arbitrary,” said Ben Rhodes, who served as deputy national security adviser to former President Barack Obama. “The question at play in certification is whether or not Iran is complying with terms of the nuclear deal, and as you know, the Trump administration itself has twice certified that Iran is complying with the nuclear deal.”

Gary Samore, who held senior positions on arms control and non-proliferation in the Obama and Clinton administrations, described Trump’s move as “mostly political theater.”

“President Trump gets to denounce the Iran agreement, which he’s heavily criticized, but at the same time, the U.S. will continue to comply with the agreement by waiving sanctions. So for now, it really doesn’t change anything,” Samore told VOA.

“President Trump found it embarrassing and irritating to have to certify this ‘bad deal’ every 90 days, and he made it clear to his advisers that he wasn’t’ going to do that anymore,” Samore added. “And they’ve come up with a way for him to stop performing this task but not destroy the agreement.”(VOA)

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