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Munshi Premchand: India celebrates 136th Birth Anniversary of the Great Saint-Poet, Reformer and Philosopher

Premchand was one of the most notable novelists of Hindi literature and the aura of this literature would not have been so sparkling without him

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Munsi Premchand. Image source: belaljafri.wordpress.com
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  • Premchand was born as Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava in a village Lamahi near Varanasi on July 31, 1880
  • Premchand had first adopted a pseudo name ‘Nawab Rai’ and wrote his first novel, ‘Asrar e Ma’abid’
  • ‘Mangalsutra’ was the novel, which never completed as he became terribly ill during his last years

Beauty doesn’t need ornaments. Softness can’t bear the weight of ornaments” – a quote by Munshi Premchand, for Munshi Premchand on his birth anniversary. He doesn’t need any introduction, as his works and words have always found a way to the deepest inner spaces in people’s hearts.

NewsGram remembers Premchand on his 136th Birth Anniversary and here are few lines about him that will certainly bring you closer to the luminary and know him better as a person, the one who enlightened India and the world with his extraordinary ideas.

Premchand was one of the most notable novelists of Hindi literature. The aura of Hindi literature would not have been so sparkling without him. His softness was the part which helped him to relate to the people and the situations.

Munshi Premchand. Image Source: freehindibooksforyou.blogspot.com
Munshi Premchand. Image Source: freehindibooksforyou.blogspot.com

Here are some facts about Munshi Premchand-

  • Premchand was born as Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava in a village Lamahi near Varanasi on 31st July 1880. He was known for his modern Hindustani literature and was also conferred as Upanyas Samrat (king of novels).
  • Premchand’s mother died when he was just 7 and father was soon remarried. He did not have a good relationship with his stepmother. Premchand became gloomy after his mother’s demise and found comfort in reading. Since then he had become an avid reader.

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  • He married at an age of 15, but the marriage failed. Later he married a child widow, Shivarani Devi, in 1906. This step was revolutionary at that time and faced lots of criticism.
  • After his father’s demise, he became responsible for his step-mother and step-siblings. He had to discontinue his studies to earn for the family.
  • His first job was a tuition teacher at an age of 15 to a lawyer’s child and was given only Rs. 5 per month. It was only in 1900 he was offered a job as a teacher in Bahraich at District Government school. During this time, he started writing novels.
  • Premchand had faced poverty throughout his life. There was a time when he took a loan of two-and-a-half rupees to buy new clothes and it took him 3 years for the repayment of the loan.

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  • Premchand had first adopted a pseudo name ‘Nawab Rai’ and wrote his first novel, ‘Asrar e Ma’abid’, which deals with the corruptions among the priests and sexual exploitation of poor women.
Godaan by Munshi Premchand. Image Source: amazon.in
Godaan by Munshi Premchand. Image Source: amazon.in
  • In 1921, when Gandhiji asked the people to leave their jobs, Munshi Premchand left his job despite the financial crisis and responsibility of his wife and children.
  • After leaving his job, he came back to Varanasi and started his own printing press, named ‘Saraswati’ in 1923. Due to a financial crisis in 1934, he worked as a scriptwriter in Ajanta Cinetone production house and had written the script of the film-‘Mazdoor.
  • His most famous novel ‘Godaan’ was among his last works. The novel was later translated into English and made into a Hindi film in 1963. ‘Mangalsutra’ was the novel, which never completed as he became terribly ill during his last years. Unfortunately, he breathed his last on 8 October, 1936.

– by Aparna Gupta of NewsGram. Twitter @writetoaparna99

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  • Akanksha Sharma

    His stories are great. I read a lot of stories written by him in school and Idgah was my favourite

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15 Amazing Facts About The Revolutionary Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh is considered to be a legend. Many of his actions are well-known. Even after his death, his inspiring actions continued to stir the desire for freedom.

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Bhagat Singh belonged to Punjab and popularly referred as legendary revolutionary Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh. Wikimedia Commons
Bhagat Singh belonged to Punjab and popularly referred as legendary revolutionary Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh. Wikimedia Commons
  • Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907
  • At a very early age, he got inclined towards socialism and socialist revolutions
  • Bhagat Singh was a very versatile theatre artist

Bhagat Singh stands out to be one of India’s greatest revolutionary freedom fighter who was given the death penalty by the British colonizers. Although he died at a very young age of 23 but his actions inspired the youth of the nation to fight for the nation’s freedom.

Bhagat Singh belonged to Punjab and popularly referred as legendary revolutionary Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh. He was born on 28 September 1907 in the village of Banga, Lyallpur district (now in Pakistan). Bhagat Singh is considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. He inculcated the spirit of martyrdom since his childhood.

Due to the utter influence of Bhagat Singh, Britishers hanged him an hour ahead of the official time. Wikimedia Commons
Due to the utter influence of Bhagat Singh, Britishers hanged him an hour ahead of the official time. Wikimedia Commons

At a very early age, he got inclined towards socialism and socialist revolutions led by Lenin and soon he started to follow and read about them. The leaflet that he threw in the Central Assembly on 9 April 1929, he stated, “It is easy to kill individuals but you cannot kill the ideas. Great empires crumbled while the ideas survived.”

Also Read: 8 must-read works of Rabindranath Tagore

Take a look at the life of one of the most celebrated Indian freedom fighters.

  1. Bhagat Singh was a great actor in college and a theatre artist. He took part in several plays. The most notable plays he was part of were ‘Rana Pratap’, ‘Samrat Chandragupta’ and ‘Bharata-durdasha’.
  2. When the Jalianwala Bagh incident occurred, Bhagat Singh was in school. He immediately left the school and went straight to the place of the tragedy. He collected the mud of that place which was mixed with the blood of Indians and worshipped the bottle every day. At that time, he was just 12 years old.
  3. In his childhood, Bhagat Singh often talked and wanted to grow guns in the fields, so that he could fight the British and push them back.
  4. Being a kid, he never talked about toys or games. He used to speak about driving out Britishers from India.
  5. The bomb that Bhagat Singh and his associates threw in the Central Assembly, were made of low-grade explosives. They were thrown away from people in the corridors of the building and were only meant to startle and not harm anyone. The British investigation report and forensics details also confirmed this.
  6. Bhagat Singh coined the word “political prisoner” during his stay in prison in 1930. He demanded basic amenities for his comrades in the prison which were even given to British looters and goons in the jail.
  7. ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ was the very famous phrase of Bhagat Singh. It fueled the independence vision of the people and later on became the slogan of India’s armed freedom struggle.
  8. Due to the utter influence of Bhagat Singh, Britishers hanged him an hour ahead of the official time. He was then secretly cremated on the banks of the river Sutlej by jail authorities. However, on hearing the news of his execution, thousands of people gathered at the spot of his cremation and took out a procession with his ashes.
  9. When Bhagat Singh was imprisoned in Lahore Jail, he kept a diary with him in which he penned down his fervent thoughts about freedom and revolution.
  10. At the very young age of 14 years, Bhagat Singh took part in a protest against the killing of a large number of unarmed people at Gurudwara Nankana Sahib.
  11. Bhagat Singh debunked Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence. After the 1922 Chauri Chaura incident, he joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began to advocate for the violent methods to overthrow the British Government in India.
  12. To avoid a forced marriage by his family, Bhagat Singh ran away to Kanpur and left a letter, which read, “My life has been dedicated to the noblest cause, that of the freedom of the country. Therefore, there is no rest or worldly desire that can lure me now.”
  13. When the British police became aware of Singh’s influence on youth, they immediately arrested him on the false pretext of having been involved in a bombing.
  14. After witnessing the Hindu-Muslim riots that broke out after Gandhi disbanded the Non-Cooperation Movement, he began to question religious ideologies of the society. After that point, Singh dropped his religious beliefs. He believed that the religion hinders the revolutionaries’ struggle for independence, and started studying the works of Bakunin, Lenin, Trotsky – all atheist revolutionaries. Later on, Bhagat Singh also wrote an essay titled ‘Why I am an Atheist’ in 1930 in Lahore Central Jail.
  15. Bhagat Singh wrote for Urdu and Punjabi newspapers which used to get published from Amritsar. He also contributed to the publishing of pamphlets by the Naujawan Bharat Sabha that excoriated the British. In his college time, Singh won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan. Bhagat Singh also published a series of articles on anarchism in Kirti and used many pseudonyms such as Balwant, Ranjit and Vidhrohi for publishing his writings.
    ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ was the very famous phrase of Bhagat Singh. Wikimedia Commons
    ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ was the very famous phrase of Bhagat Singh. Wikimedia Commons

     

    Also Read: 10 Facts You Need To Know About Homi Bhabha

    Bhagat Singh is considered to be a legend. Many of his actions are well-known. His execution ignited the feeling of unity in many people to take up the revolutionary path, playing an important role in India’s freedom struggle. On the other hand, many didn’t agree with his radical approach to attain freedom. Even after his death, his inspiring actions continued to stir the desire for freedom.

    Once Bhagat Singh said, “They may kill me, but they cannot kill my ideas. They can crush my body, but they will not be able to crush my spirit.