Wednesday March 20, 2019

Nepal schools gearing up to promote Sanskrit education

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Nepal

Kathmandu: Sanskrit, which is considered as the mother of Nepali language, was once a highly flourishing language in Nepal. It was given the status of an official language by a Lichhavi ruler during the medieval times.

But, Sanskrit language has been reduced to a state of endangered language in the last few centuries. In 1986, The Nepal Sanskrit University was established with an aim to develop Nepal into a center of learning Sanskrit language and literature.

Now, private boarding schools in the city and other regions of the country are making preparations to teach Sanskrit. The Jayatu Sanskritam, Satmarga Aviyan and Jeeyar Educational Trust Nepal, Nepal Bikas Tarangini are making arrangements for publishing text books for the school level.

Many institutions like The Rupak Memorial Kupondol, Bagmati Boarding School Sukedhara, DAV School Jawalakhel, Neighbourhood Secondary School Mandikhatar, GEMS School Dhapakhel, Little Angels School, Hattiban, Marvel English Boarding School Maitidevi, Apex College Baneshwor, Brihaspati Siksha Sadan Naxal, Apple International School Battisputali, and Sakura Memorial Higher Secondary School, Nawalparasihave come forward to start teaching Sanskrit from this session.

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Fear of Leprosy Resurgence in Nepal

There are only three staff working in the leprosy section and the same team looks after the disability programme, as well, he told the newspaper

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Leprosy, Wikimedia

Health officials in Nepal fear leprosy resurgence in the country with prevalence rate reaching 0.94 per cent in 2018.

Leprosy-free status was given to the Himalayan nation after it declared elimination of the disease in 2009. However, that status could be lost if prevalence rate reaches one per cent of total population, Kathmandu Post reported on Thursday.

Experts already fear that this marks the resurgence of the disease in Nepal. The percentage could be more, an official said, as the current given figures have been derived just from preliminary data.

The Leprosy Control and Disability (LCD) section of Epidemiology and Disease Control Division (EDCD) of Department of Health Services said that the prevalence rate was 0.92 and 0.89 in 2017 and 2016, respectively, the news report said.

“It will be a great setback for the country if it loses the status,” said Rabindra Baskota, a doctor and chief of the LCD section.

Incubation period of leprosy varies from one to 20 years and diagnosis of more patients could help stop the further spread of the disease, according to him.

An amputated leg, claw toes and claw hands of leprosy patient Gopal Bag are seen at the Leprosy Mission Trust India hospital. Kolkata. VOA

“It will take only a couple of years to reach one percent if this upward trend continues,” he added.

The prevalence rate is over one per cent in various districts of the Tarai region, Baskota said, adding that the country had received the leprosy eliminated status, after reducing its prevalence rate by 0.77 per cent, in 2009.

Sishir Silwal, a focal person for the leprosy control programme in Gulmi district, said regular review meetings for leprosy, which should be held every four months, has not been held for the last eight months.

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Kathmandu Post quoted Bibek Kumar Lal, Director at EDCD, as saying that there is a severe crunch in manpower that hinders proper functioning.

There are only three staff working in the leprosy section and the same team looks after the disability programme, as well, he told the newspaper.

Leprosy, a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, is transmitted through nasal secretion or from droplets from the mouth. It affects the skin, peripheral nerves and eyes, leading to disfigurement and nerve damage. The disease is curable with a multi-drug therapy. (IANS)